Guru Nanak eventually returned to Kartarpur, where he died in AD1538. He settled in a small village called Talwandi Saheb, which means "the lord of the peasants". The exact location of this village is not known but it probably lay near the present-day town of Amritsar.
After his death, many disputes arose over who was going to lead the community. Finally in 1577, one of his sons was elected as head of the church. His name was Hargovind and he built a gurdwara on the same site as where Guru Nanak had lived in Talwandi Saheb. This gurdwara still stands today in Amritsar and it's called "Hargovind Gurdwara".
There are many stories about how Guru Nanak spent his time after returning from Mecca. Some say that he preached the message of God's love to all people regardless of religion or caste. Others say that he worked as a farmer or laborer. But no matter what he did, it always had something to do with spreading God's message to others.
During his life, Guru Nanak created an educational system for anyone who wanted to learn.
As he approached the end of his life, his Muslim, Hindu, and Sikh followers wished to perform his final rites according to their faith. He requested that they bring fresh flowers. While they argued over his final rituals, a chador was draped over him and the flowers. This is when he went back to Kartarpur.
Guru Nanak Dev University was established by an act of parliament in Punjab (India) in 1970. It is located at Kartarpur, which is 20 km from Dera Baba Jaimal Singhwali.
The first university of its kind in India, it has been granted "university" status by the UGC. It has seven colleges with more than 10 departments each. The largest is the Gurmukh Singh Verma College of Commerce and Economics, with more than 4,000 students. There are also degree courses in agriculture, arts, science, and technology.
In conclusion, Guru Nanak Dev University was founded on 15 August 1970, exactly five years after India's independence from Britain.
Guru Nanak was 70 years old (1469–1539) at the time of his death.
Guru Nanak died on September 22, 1539, at Kartarpur, at the age of 70, shortly after announcing his successor.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji finished his last Udasi in 1521 A.D. (travel). Later, he exclusively traveled Punjab near Kartarpur. He lived the remaining eighteen years of his life as an exemplary family guy in Kartarpur. Guruji and his family moved to Kartarpur in 1522 A.D. so that Guru Ji could be close to his final home.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji died on 17 April 1539 A.D. He was buried in a Gurudwara in Kartarpur. His mortal remains are preserved there in a golden shrine. The third president of India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, visited this holy place in 2002. He offered prayers for the well-being of the nation at the gurdwara built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1847-48 AD.
After his death, many new temples were built in Punjab. Today, more than 100 such temples have been constructed across the world in different countries including America, Australia, France, Germany, India and Pakistan.
In India, people continue to visit these places to pray for good health, success in exams, or just for peace in their lives.
Kartarpur is also famous as the hometown of Bhagwan Sri Krishna. Many Indians believe that if they perform rituals based on its location or time zone, then it will help them achieve happiness or get rid of their problems.
After nearly three decades of globetrotting, Nanak decided to reside at what became known as Kartarpur Sahib. He spent the remaining 17 years of his life here. A modest gurdwara marks the place where Nanak was interred, exactly on the border between India and Pakistan.
Guru Nanak preached the message of love and peace with all beings, no matter who they were. He hoped that through his teachings people would learn to live together in harmony.
After the death of Guru Nanak, his disciples started following different paths. Some monks turned into hermits while others joined royal courts as musicians or dancers. But whatever path they chose, everyone wanted to be a saint like their master.
Guru Ram Das took charge of the community after the death of Nanak. Under his guidance, many new temples were built and the religion's scripture was compiled into the Panj (five books).
Guru Arjan took over after Guru Ram Das died. His main work was to unite the scattered communities under one roof. He also wrote poetry about his experiences which today make up a large portion of the Gurus' writings.
Guru Hargobind was the fifth and last guru of the Sikh faith. When he was only an infant, his father brought him along with them on their travels so he could get educated.
Guru Nanak/Death Place: Kartarpur, Pakistan (now in India). The exact date of his death is not known. Some say 15 August 1539 while others say 4 September 1539.
Guru Nanak Ji was buried in a tomb near the mosque he had built there. This is now a religious site visited by millions of people every year.
Guru Nanak Ji survived his wife and two sons. His son Nankana Sahib lived in Punjab, India while his other son Nankunde Saheb lived in France. Both were involved in spreading awareness about their father's work.
Guru Nanak Ji died a natural death on 4 September 1539 at the age of 70. He was lying in bed when he breathed his last. No one else was with him at that time.
Guru Nanak Ji suffered from tuberculosis when he was alive. This has been confirmed by medical experts after taking a look at his bones which are kept in the Kartarpur Gurudwara in Pakistan.
Kartarpur is a town in Punjab, Pakistan.