After the conquest of Wales in 1301, King Edward instituted the title. Will the monarch's eldest daughter become heir to the throne if she is a female? If she doesn't have any brothers, yes. If she has a sibling, no. In the United Kingdom, the throne was traditionally passed down from king to eldest son. This rule was changed when William IV died without an heir in 1831. The House of Commons voted to create the title of prince of Wales for Edward VII and then graciously allowed him to pass this honor onto his daughter Princess Victoria.
If you are interested in learning more about women in leadership positions at work, the International Women's Day is a good opportunity to reflect on their advancement. On March 8th, 2018, millions of women around the world will celebrate the achievements of other women while calling attention to the many remaining challenges that prevent all women from reaching their potential.
The queen has no official role in the government of the United Kingdom, but she is usually referred to as "the monarch" or "the royal family". She is followed by members of the Royal Family Council who assist in determining her policy objectives and advising her on how she can best serve her people.
All over the world, countries talk about their queen or king. But only three countries in the world actually have a queen or king as their head of state: Britain, Denmark, and Spain.
The Prince of Wales is generally bestowed upon the heir apparent to the British monarchy (England, then Great Britain, then the United Kingdom). This custom, according to Britannica and Wikipedia, dates back to 1301 when King Edward I invested his son, the future King Edward II. With few exceptions, every monarch since has followed suit by anointing their heir.
Currently, the Prince of Wales is Charles, Prince of Wales, who is also king-in-waiting. He is next in line to the British throne after his older brother, William, Duke of Cambridge. The brothers share the role as senior member of the House of Windsor.
If Charles, Prince of Wales, were to die without an heir, then the next in line would be William, now Prince of Wales. However, under the terms of his pre-nuptial agreement with Diana, Princess of Wales, if she were to die without leaving a will, then William would become king alone. Although this hasn't happened yet, it could at any time because William and Diana did not have children together.
If William were to die without an heir, then the next in line would be Harry, Prince of Wales. However, he has two younger sisters so there would be no clear heir if he died without leaving a spouse or offspring.
The only way to become king under British royalty is to inherit the title. Women face a unique set of challenges. They can become queens by gaining control of the throne. Men can become kings in three ways: through inheritance, an appointment, or the creation of a new kingdom.
Women cannot inherit the crown, so they must marry into it. The monarch's wife is called the Queen Mother or Queen Elizabeth II when she is acting as a monarch. She is referred to as the King's mother when he is alive but not acting as a monarch. The role of Queen Mother is usually held by one person who helps the monarch lead a private life while also managing government affairs.
Queen Victoria was the first monarch to be born in the New World. She ruled from 1837 until her death in 1901. Her son Edward VII continued to rule after her death, but he was deaf and blind. He was succeeded by his daughter Mary who was only nine years old. She was crowned at Westminster Abbey before moving into Buckingham Palace. She was treated for tuberculosis during her childhood and died at the age of twenty-one.
After Mary's death, the monarchy was never again considered important enough to merit having more than one monarch. So all future monarchs have been descendants of George VI and Elizabeth II.
During the succession of power, the heir is normally the reigning king's first-born son (or daughter). When there is no direct successor, the estate may be handed on to the monarch's wife or other close relatives of the king or nobles. King Edward, for example, had neither a son nor a daughter to inherit the throne. Therefore, his brother Richard, who was also king, and his sisters Mary and Elizabeth would have been expected to succeed him.
The absence of an heir means that the monarchy will end when the last member of the royal family dies without children or grandchildren. Currently, this rule is being broken as several members of the House of Windsor have produced heirs despite never being married or having children with their wives. However, once all living descendants have died, the line will end and the monarchy will become extinct.
In the event of there being no heir, the monarch can decide what role they want to play. They can choose to abdicate in favor of another member of the royal family or simply retire from public life. Many former kings and queens have chosen to be known as "His/Her Royal Highness The XX" instead of by their name alone. This is usually because there is still another child of the original king or queen who has not yet been born or reached age puberty. For example, Queen Victoria was referred to as "Her Imperial Majesty The IX" until her death in 1901 when Prince Albert Joseph Christian George became Emperor William II.
Queen Elizabeth II is the ruler, and her eldest son, Charles, Prince of Wales, is the heir apparent. The Prince of Wales's oldest son, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is the next in line after him.
However, under the laws of England, when the queen dies without an heir, the throne will pass to her nearest relative - in this case, her fourth-great-grandson, Prince Edward, the future King Edward VIII. Although he was married to Wallis Simpson, a American, he declared his marriage to be invalid so he could marry Lady Diana Spencer. The king had no choice but to renounce the throne in order to marry Lady Diana - thus creating the first royal divorce. The pope gave his blessing to the marriage, but the British public didn't feel the same way about it. When the king tried to resume his role as head of the church, many Catholics refused to have anything to do with him. In 1963, he created another scandal when he announced that he wanted a new life away from the monarchy and told the queen he must abdicate if she wished to marry someone else. But she would not hear of it. So, at age 46, the king turned his back on Britain and the Catholic Church and went into exile in France. A few years later, he died of cancer.