Can bills originate in the Senate?

Can bills originate in the Senate?

A senator or representative who sponsors a measure can introduce it in either body of Congress. A bill can be approved and signed into law by the president, or it can be rejected (vetoed). In most situations, if the president vetoes a measure, Congress can vote to override the veto and make the bill law. However, this does not apply to measures that are deemed unconstitutional or those that are vetoed by the president because they contain provisions that are objectionable or incompatible with the federal constitution.

In general, bills become law when they are approved by both houses of Congress and signed by the president. Some laws require congressional approval before they can take effect, such as appropriations bills and certain other legislation. Others do not, including the Social Security Act, which has been described as the "most significant" legislative act since the creation of the Federal Reserve System in the 1930s.

Bills may also be introduced by members of Congress as personal petitions or requests for specific actions. For example, Senator Orrin Hatch introduced the Protect America's Schools Act in 2015. This bill would have provided $50 million in federal funds to support security measures at schools across the country that have been identified by their local authorities as being vulnerable to terrorist attack.

Finally, some laws are proposed by agencies or departments of the government. These include regulations issued by public bodies such as administrative agencies or executive orders issued by the president.

Does the Senate pass bills to the president?

The law is then voted on by both chambers, and if it succeeds, it is presented to the president. The bill is then reviewed by the president. If he or she does not veto it, it becomes law. If the president signs or allows the bill to become law without issuing an executive order, it is called a "bipartisan" bill.

Some bills make their way through Congress very quickly. Others linger for years before they are finally passed into law. There is no set amount of time that Congress needs to act on any particular piece of legislation, so this process often leads to delays when one body wants to change something in the text of a bill that the other did not know about. These changes may be made directly during debate on the floor of either house or as amendments to related measures.

Bills must start with an official title. This title can be up to two sentences long and should give readers a clear idea of what the bill is intended to do. A bill can also include a preamble, which is a section of the statute that usually outlines its purpose. Preambles are useful for clarifying ambiguities in the text of a bill or adding context to otherwise straightforward laws. They can also include references to past events or people that help explain why a law is needed now.

What role do the House and the Senate play in the lawmaking process?

A bill is introduced into a legislative chamber by a member of Congress. When a majority of members in both the House and Senate agree that the bill should become law, it is signed and delivered to the president. A bill passed by Congress may be signed into law by the president, or it may be vetoed. If the veto is overridden by Congress, the bill becomes law.

In addition to introducing bills, members of Congress can also vote on legislation that has been presented to them by their leadership. The House votes on whether to approve legislative appointments made by the president. The Senate confirms these appointments. Both chambers must give their approval before a congressional officer can begin work on an appointment. They can also override a presidential veto of a bill.

Members of Congress are elected by their constituents to serve two-year terms. Before the 1970s, they could run for office again and again without any limit. Today, members can run for office only once per term. Previous limits were removed by the Watergate scandal when former senator Sam Ervin was appointed to replace John Dean who had resigned over the scandal. He served out the remainder of Dean's term until 1980 when a new election was held. Since then, all vacancies have been filled by special elections unless the president makes an appointment, which can last up to two years. In this case, another election will be held at the end of the appointee's term.

Who can propose bills in Congress?

When a bill is introduced, it is allocated to a committee, whose members will investigate, debate, and amend the measure. The measure is subsequently presented to that chamber for a vote. If it passes, the legislation is sent to the other chamber for consideration.

What are the requirements to become a senator?

To be elected to the Senate, a person must be 35 years old, a U.S. citizen for 15 years, and a resident of the state where she or he serves for nine months out of every year. A person cannot hold any other federal office at the same time as a Senator. There are no restrictions on what party can appoint a person to the Senate; however, only Republicans can appoint Democrats to the seat.

How do senators get appointed?

Currently, there are two ways people can be appointed to fill vacant seats in the Senate: by election or appointment. In an election, voters choose their preferred candidate from among those seeking office. In an appointment, a governor selects a candidate from outside the political arena who has been approved by the legislature.

Which branch has to approve bills before they become law?

However, if the president vetoes a measure after Congress has adjourned, the veto is unreversible.

In what way does the president control funding? The president can decide how much money to allocate to the government through a budget proposal. If Congress approves those funds, then the government receives them. If not, spending levels are reduced or eliminated.

How does the legislative branch work with the executive branch? The two main branches of government are the Senate and the House of Representatives. Members of both houses are elected by voters to serve specific terms depending on the system used by their state to elect representatives. The president can influence what laws get passed by the House and the Senate by putting people in these positions who will listen to his or her ideas on what should be done with regard to legislation.

What role does the judiciary play? The judiciary is made up of all the federal courts that have jurisdiction over cases arising under the Constitution or laws of the United States. These courts can rule on issues relating to civil lawsuits, criminal prosecutions, and issues before agencies such as the Federal Trade Commission and the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land; only it can overturn decisions made by other courts or change existing law.

About Article Author

Stanley Lopez

Stanley Lopez has been working in the media industry for over 10 years. He has held positions such as social media intern, newsroom assistant, and marketing director. Stanley loves his job because he gets to learn new things every day, meet new people, and help shape the world's view of events.

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