"According to statistics, fewer than half of the Norwegian population believes in God." Many people, however, believe in higher powers such as angels. Atheists make up about 1% of the population.
The number of people who say they have no religion is growing in Norway. About 15% of people under 30 years old are without a faith.
About 80% of Norwegians attend church once a week or more. Christianity is the most popular religion in Norway. Catholics account for about 10% of the population.
Catholics have their own bishop in Norway: Nils Henrik Grønner. He is based in Oslo and has responsibility for the whole country. Before he was made a bishop, he was one of Norway's three prime ministers.
Bishops do not receive any salary but instead are given apartments and cars. They are also required by law to be non-religious and cannot hold any public office while being a Catholic priest or bishop. There are about 500 priests in Norway. They work mainly in small towns and rural areas where there are few other jobs available.
Pope Francis recently announced that he was making two former bishops, Norbert Müller and Richard Williamson, into archbishops.
For the first time in history, Norway now has more atheists than believers, with 39% of atheists vs 37% of believers. The proportion of Christians in Norway is still very high at 84%, but this figure includes many non-practising Christians and this group is shrinking fast. Non-religious people make up 1.6% of the population.
In a survey conducted last year, it was found that 5% of Norwegians say they are atheist, while another 4% say they have no religion. More than 90% of people in Norway identify as Christian. This is a decrease from 2000 when 15% of people identified themselves as atheist or agnostic.
In terms of national identity, Norway's main ethnic group is now considered to be neither Norwegian nor Swedish, but rather European. Only 2% of the population lists itself as Asian, compared to 7% in 2000. That means that 95% of people can be described as belonging to one of the two main ethnic groups - either Norwegian or Swedish - with just under 2% being some other nationality.
As for gender equality, Norway is ranked sixth out of 148 countries by the World Economic Forum. It is known for having one of the highest rates of female participation in the workforce - 88%.
In 2005, a Gallup International study of 65 nations found that Norway was the least religious country in Western Europe, with 29 percent believing in a church or deity, 26 percent atheists, and 45 percent unsure. The study also noted that Norway's young people are some of the most secular in the world.
Almost half of Norwegian adults do not believe in God. Religious belief is most common among older people, with 85% of those over 55 years old saying they believe in God. Only 15% of younger people say they do not believe in God. Gender is also related to religion, with more women than men reporting no religion (18% vs. 13%). Country of origin also plays a role: Scandinavians as a whole are less religious than other Europeans. In addition, Christians make up only half of Norway's population, so comparing the number of believers to the number of non-believers may not be accurate.
In conclusion, Norway is a highly secularized country with many young people who are atheist or agnostic. Religion does play a role in society, but it is not nearly as important as in other European countries.
From 2010 to 2019, the proportion of Swedes who believe in God increased. Between 2010 and 2019, the proportion of Swedes who believed in God fell steadily. In 2010, 47 percent of respondents believed in God; by 2019, that figure had declined by more than ten percent to 36 percent. Across age groups, gender, region, and level of education, a majority of respondents in each year reported that they did believe in God.
The most common reason given for not believing in God was that there is no good evidence of His existence. Another reason given by respondents was that there are much better things to believe in like science or human kindness. Some also said that if God existed, he would not have allowed so much suffering to exist or may even say that they do not believe in a God who allows evil and suffering.
Sweden has a long history of religious freedom. The Swedish government does not require its citizens to be religious and churches are not granted special status under the law. However, church services are held in various languages other than English on a regular basis so as not to offend any local believers.
In conclusion, Sweden is a secular country and being religious is your choice. Although fewer people are believing in God now than five years ago, this trend is not expected to change anytime soon.