Despite the recent closure of hundreds of bases in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US retains almost 800 military bases in more than 70 nations and territories across the world, ranging from massive "Little Americas" to modest radar stations. In comparison, the United Kingdom, France, and Russia each have roughly 30 overseas bases. Other countries with large militaries include Australia, Israel, and Japan.
Russia has six permanent military bases in other countries. The two largest facilities are the Khmodsibov Air Base in the Republic of Crimea and the Zvezdochka Rocket Center near Moscow. The other four are smaller research centers located within Russian embassies or consulates.
The Crimean base was built by the Soviet Union in 1974 and remains active today. It is used by Russian forces for war games and as a storage facility for nuclear weapons. The Russians also use it as a stopover for long-range bombers traveling between Europe and Asia.
The Zvezdochka center was constructed by the Soviets in 1965 to test missiles and space vehicles. It has been converted into a rocket science research facility devoted primarily to aviation technology.
There are no full-fledged foreign military bases in the United States since any projected attack on the United States or its allies would take place on the land of our allies. There are a large number of foreign military troops stationed on American bases in the United States. They could be here because the vast open spaces of the United States are ideal for training. Or they could be here to protect America from an enemy attack.
The United States has military alliances with many countries, some of which include provisions for joint defense and security operations. Through these treaties, America gets access to other countries' armed forces without having to send its own soldiers into battle. For example, America has a mutual defense agreement with Japan. This means that if another country should attack Japan, then America would have the right to defend Japan by using its military.
Another example is NATO. Since the end of the Cold War, NATO has been expanding its role beyond just protecting Europe against Russian aggression. Now it also performs other tasks such as stopping drug trafficking through its members' territories. By having these alliances, the United States is able to use other countries' armies when needed. However, neverthless, these countries have the option of leaving them if they feel like it can't afford the expense or thinks that their presence is not beneficial for themselves.
In addition to these treaties and agreements, there are several other ways that America keeps enemies at a distance while still being able to influence them.
The United States maintains around 800 military bases across the world, with 76 of these located in Latin America. There are 12 in Panama, 12 in Puerto Rico, nine in Colombia, and eight in Peru, with the majority located in Central America and the Caribbean. Many of the countries in Latin America have been affected by the presence of US military facilities including Brazil, which has two large bases used for training purposes, and Chile which has an air base used for monitoring nuclear tests in North Korea.
The US has a long history of maintaining military facilities in Latin America. During the 1898 war with Spain, the US occupied Cuba and built a naval base at Guantanamo Bay. This base has since become one of the largest in the world. The US also has a base in Uruguay that it uses for intelligence activities against Argentina and Brazil.
In addition to its military installations, the US provides economic support to some countries in Latin America. In order to receive this support, countries must comply with certain requirements set by the Department of Defense (DOD). The DOD requires that countries provide free access to their airports for use by US military aircraft and allow other US agencies to conduct operations on their soil. Several countries in Latin America have received support from the US government, including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, and Venezuela.