China is the world's largest producer of tobacco leaves. China produced 2.66 million tons of tobacco leaves in 2000, accounting for almost one-third of global output. Tobacco has been grown in China since at least A.D. 220.
Tobacco has been used for medicinal purposes in China for over 1,000 years. The Chinese name for tobacco, "sheng", comes from the word "chen", which means "to cure". In fact, tobacco was originally cultivated as a medicine for people who suffered from coughs, fever, and infections of all kinds. It was also used as an ingredient in cigarettes that were smoked instead of burned as an aid to quitting smoking or stopping smoking habits current or past.
In more recent times, tobacco has been used in China as a social marker. The Chinese term for a smoker is "toba", which is also the title given to someone who smokes chung kuo (蒙香) perfume. Smoking during social occasions such as dinner parties or in offices is common practice in China.
Tobacco has also been used in China as currency. When China was first becoming industrialized, it would often send workers overseas to work for foreign companies. These workers would be paid in American dollars, Japanese yen, or British pounds.
China's Tobacco Production Around the World 2019 country-by-country China was the world's largest tobacco producer in that year, with an estimated output of 2.61 million metric tons. In 2016, Chinese production had reached a record high of 2.8 billion cigarettes.
Tobacco has been cultivated in China since at least 220 B.C., when it is mentioned in an ancient book called "The Master of Medicine on Military Affairs." The history of Chinese tobacco use includes periods where it played an important role in culture and society but also times when it was banned or restricted.
Production levels were high during China's imperial era (A.D. 220-1911), when more than 100 types of tobacco were grown. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, tobacco cultivation declined because of government policies aimed at promoting non-smoking habits. However, over the past decade or so, production has been growing again.
China now ranks second behind United States, which produces nearly half of the world's supply of tobacco. Brazil comes next with 9% followed by India with 4%.
China's tobacco industry is subject to many restrictions. For example, smokers are not allowed on all domestic flights, and airlines can suspend smoking privileges for safety reasons. Also, cigarette advertising is prohibited throughout China.
China is the world's greatest tobacco producer, with a yearly output of 2,806,770 tonnes. India ranks second with an annual output of 761,318 tonnes. Both China and India account for more than 90% of the world's tobacco production.
Tobacco has been grown in Europe since at least 400 BC, when it was described as a medicinal herb. Tobacco use spread throughout Europe so much that it became known as the "white plague". Today, only five countries produce more tobacco than Germany - China, India, Brazil, Argentina and Ukraine.
Tobacco has been grown in America since 1616 when colonists brought the plant from Europe. During the 19th century, American tobacco grew well indoors in large factories using modern technology. But after World War II, when many farmers switched to growing marijuana, tobacco farming fell into decline. Today, only four counties produce more tobacco than America - Kentucky, North Carolina, Virginia, and Louisiana.
Tobacco has been grown in Australia since 1788 when British settlers planted the first seeds imported from America. By 1856, Australian tobacco was selling for $5 million per year. But after that, market prices dropped so low that no matter how hard farmers tried, they could never earn back their investment.
Tobacco production in China China is the world's largest producer and user of tobacco. China has around 300 million smokers, accounting for roughly one-third of the world's total. More over half of adult males currently smoke tobacco. China consumes around one-third of all cigarettes consumed worldwide.
The Chinese smoking population is growing rapidly. In 2015, there were approximately 200 million smokers in China, which is about 40% of the population. The number of smokers is expected to increase to about 250 million by 2025.
China has the highest rate of smoking among adults in the world. Some studies estimate that nearly 70 percent of men and almost 20 percent of women in China smoke cigarettes. Smoking rates are higher among people in more economically successful groups and across regions. For example, more than 90 percent of men working in large cities smoke cigarettes.
In China, most people smoke black-colored cigarettes. These are called "liang ye" in Chinese and they come in different sizes. Smaller packages contain 10 cigarettes and can cost from 3 to 6 yuan (0.5-$1.0). Large packages contain 20 cigarettes and can cost from 7 to 12 yuan ($1.2-$2.0). There are also silver-colored cigarettes known as "xiang liang" which are similar to American cigarettes.
Tobacco is currently a significant cash crop in the country, accounting for around 0.27 percent of the net cultivated area on 0.4 million hectares. The country's yearly output is over 700 million kg, placing it third in the world behind China and Brazil.
India's tobacco industry is dominated by several large companies that together account for more than 90 percent of production. The government has taken measures to promote local production of cigarettes but has not announced any plan to do so for hand-rolled cigars.
The total value of Indian tobacco exports was estimated at $150 million in 2007. The main destination was Turkey, which accounts for nearly 30 percent of exports.
India's tobacco production will increase by more than 10 percent over the next five years, reaching an estimated value of $500 million by 2012. The main growing states are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana.
A new study from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) research institute at the London School of Economics and Political Science concludes that if current smoking rates remain unchanged, the financial burden of smoking-related diseases in India will increase by up to 1.8 percent of GDP by 2020. This estimate does not include other costs associated with smoking such as premature mortality or economic losses due to smoking bans.
The People's Republic of China is the world's greatest user and producer of tobacco, with 350 million Chinese smokers and China producing 42 percent of the world's cigarettes. Nearly 60% of male Chinese doctors smoke, which is the highest rate in the world. Smoking causes half of all cancer deaths in China.
Smoking was once considered fashionable and important to success but this has changed over time. In recent years there have been efforts made to discourage people from smoking by making restaurants and bars not allow people to light up inside, no one under 18 years old is allowed to smoke in public places, and cigarette advertising was banned back in 2003. Still, around 30 percent of Chinese adults smoke. It is estimated that the number of smokers will decrease by about 10 percent over the next decade.
China has the world's largest population of smokers and the largest number of smokers as a proportion of that population. Around 40 percent of men and 20 percent of women in China will die because of smoking-related illnesses. Even though efforts are being made to promote health, more needs to be done.
Smoking originated in South America but was brought to Europe and North America through trade.
In conclusion, cigarettes are manufactured in many different countries around the world. Most commonly they are produced in China, USA, India, Brazil, Germany, France, Russia, and Japan.