The Cabinet is a consultative body comprised of the chiefs of the 15 executive departments. Members of the Cabinet are frequently the President's closest confidants because they are appointed by the President and approved by the Senate. However, some departments have only a sub-Cabinet level position that cannot be filled by the President; these positions can only be held by an official within that department's chain of command.
Appointing a new secretary of state would require either the appointment or resignation of the president since the secretary of state is one of the presidents most important advisors. If the president died or was removed from office then the vice president would become president until a successor was confirmed by Congress. A new secretary of state could also be appointed without changing the status of the vice president if the president were to become incapacitated. The Constitution does not specify how this might happen, but it could be through death, resignation, or being removed from office through impeachment.
Replacing a secretary of defense would similarly require the appointment or resignation of the president since this position is one of the president's most important advisors. Like the secretary of state, the secretary of defense has broad powers including control over the military, foreign policy, and spending decisions. Therefore, like the secretary of state, the secretary of defense serves as one of the president's most influential advisors.
The Cabinet is comprised of the leaders of the fifteen executive departments. The President appoints these department heads, sometimes known as secretaries. Each nomination, however, must be approved by the Senate. The majority of Cabinet members are members of the President's political party. However, some departments have been led by members of the other political party for reasons not related to politics - for example, the Department of Defense has been led by a Democrat and a Republican.
In the case of the Department of Homeland Security, which was formed after the September 11 attacks, Congress voted to make it so that the Secretary of Homeland Security would be nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Previous to this, it was headed by a Director who was appointed by the President but did not require Senate confirmation.
All in all, there are about 250 positions within the Cabinet. About one-third of them are held by people named "Secretary". Another 10 percent are called "Assistant Secretaries", while the remaining 60 percent are called "Other Officers".
Specifically, the Department of Education is headed by a Secretary who is also the nation's highest education official.
They serve at the pleasure of the President and can be removed from office at any time. Although not part of the Cabinet, other individuals may be appointed by the President to high-level positions within their agencies. Examples include assistant secretaries, bureau chiefs, and agency directors. These people also do not remain in the Cabinet but can be removed at will by the President.
The word "cabinet" comes from French caissons, which means "wagons." When Thomas Jefferson was President, he wanted to improve the country's roads so more goods could be transported from west to east across America. He asked his experts to come up with different solutions for how this could be done best. One suggestion came from Dr. Benjamin Rush, a prominent physician and educator who suggested using wooden boxes as wagons because they were easy to repair if they were ever damaged. This is how the term "cabinetware" was born!
Today, the word "cabinet" is used to describe the members of the United States government who hold offices that are considered important or responsible for advising the President on policy issues.
The Cabinet is made up of the President's most trusted advisors. It consists of the heads of the 15 major executive departments. Except for the head of the Justice Department, who is referred to as the Attorney General, all department heads are given the title "Secretary," such as Secretary of Defense or Secretary of Education. The office of Vice President assumes many of the duties of the President when he/she is out of town or unable to perform their duties.
In the United States, the chief officer of a federal agency is called the Secretary of State or some other term denoting that person's position. Other terms used include Undersecretary, Assistant Secretary, and Deputy Secretary.
Federal agencies are required by law to have a Secretary as well as other officers whose positions are defined in the relevant statute. However, several agencies have never had a secretary because they were established by Congress rather than the president. These include the Central Intelligence Agency, the Federal Communications Commission, the National Security Council, and the Office of Government Ethics.
Thus, in the United States, the chief officer of a federal agency is called the Secretary of State or some other term denoting that person's position.
The Cabinet of the United States is made up of the highest-ranking appointed officers in the federal government's executive branch: the secretaries of each of the 15 executive departments. These Cabinet members oversee bureaucratic operations and advise the president. They are also expected to be influential leaders within their departments, setting an example for others to follow and motivating their staff.
All Cabinet members are required by law to be confirmed by a vote of the Senate. However, if the president wants to remove or replace a secretary, he or she can be fired by the president. In this case, the secretary would be removed from office immediately after being informed of his or her removal by the president. No confirmation process is needed for a newly appointed secretary to take office.
Currently, Trump has filled all five Cabinet positions. All were announced by the president himself and none have been rejected by the Senate.
Cabinet members are responsible for overseeing the work of their departments and report directly to the president. They are also expected to participate in key decisions about their departments' activities and policies. However, they do not make laws or set national policy; instead, they help the president manage government affairs.
Some observers believe that having a close relationship with the Cabinet members helps the president achieve his goals while managing government affairs.
Each Cabinet member is the head of a government executive department. The President meets with his or her cabinet on a regular basis to hear their reports and recommendations. The president can overrule any decision made by a cabinet member, but that rarely happens.
Cabinet members are usually elected officials who are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate. They can also be former public officials who are appointed by the president or vice president.
A cabinet member answers directly to the president, not to other members of the cabinet. However many times a day the president needs to focus on issues that affect more than one department or agency, in which case he or she will form a panel of experts to provide advice on these issues. This group of people will be called a "principals' meeting" by the president.
At the end of every month, each member of the cabinet submits an update on their activities during the previous month. These reports are used by the president to determine how much power each minister should have. Generally, the more influential the position, the greater the amount of control the person holding it should have.
Every three years, all cabinet members must submit their resignation to the president.