Legal residency in Italy for at least ten years is generally necessary for non-EU nationals. We mean being listed as a resident in a town's register office by "legal residence" ("anagrafe"). The residency requirement for EU nationals, on the other hand, is four years. However, since Italy joined the European Union (EU) in May 2001, its citizens have had the right to live and work in any member state without restrictions.
In addition to these general requirements, certain professions may have specific criteria for residency permits. For example, doctors must meet rigorous standards to be granted a permit. Other occupations may require less time spent in Italy but still fall under the category of "specialist" jobs such as lawyers or architects. Even if you are not a professional, you can still apply for a residence permit by demonstrating that you intend to use it as your main home in Italy.
The easiest way to do this is by getting married here. At least one spouse needs to be an Italian national for this purpose to be satisfied.
Another option is to make Italy your primary place of residence. If you have been living and working in Italy for two consecutive years, then your application can be considered. This period can be extended once more by staying in Italy for another two years. If you want to be able to return to your country of origin, however, you will need to demonstrate that you have sufficient funds to support yourself again.
The fundamental condition for Italian immigration as an individual from an EU-state is to dwell in Italy for at least three months. Non-EU nationals must visit an Italian Embassy or Consulate in their native country and wait for a response. If granted, they will be given a permit valid for one year.
In addition to this general requirement, there are specific criteria for different types of immigrants. These include family reunification, work permits, humanitarian protection, and international retirement/visa.
How does the process work? You must apply for your visa with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministero degli Affari Esteri; MFA). The application form can be downloaded from their website: www.mfa.gov.it. Please note that the MFA only accepts applications in Italian. All those who cannot write the language well enough to fill out the form properly should arrange for an assistant to do it for them. This person would then have to provide a written declaration that the application was completed by him/her and not the applicant himself/herself.
What if I am denied a visa? If you are rejected, don't think that this means that you cannot enter Italy.
Non-EU nationals have the right to apply for permanent residence permits after 5 years of continuous presence in Italy, whereas EU residents have fewer severe conditions. If they want to stay in Italy for longer than 90 days or three months, they can apply for permanent residency. There is no specific salary requirement to be able to apply for a resident permit, but it's best to earn a decent amount so you don't become a financial burden on the system.
In order to be granted a permit, applicants must fulfill some requirements including having a valid passport, being under the age of 40, having a good health record, and having no criminal records. In addition, they must prove that they intend to leave Italy once their job offers are confirmed and have enough money to support themselves while looking for employment in Europe. The Department for Foreign Affairs has a list of Italian consulates that may be able to help applicants with the process.
Italy was one of the first countries to establish a diplomatic office in Saudi Arabia. In fact, the country's consulate in Istanbul opened its doors in 1991 while the Saudi Arabian consulate in Milan followed suit two years later. Both offices serve as bases for citizens to file applications for work permits and perform other administrative tasks.
There are currently more than 23,000 foreign workers in Italy. The main countries of origin are Romania, Bulgaria, South Africa, and Nigeria.
Because Italy is a member of the European Union, you may live anywhere in Europe once you become an Italian citizen. If you married an Italian, you must lawfully remain in Italy for at least two years before applying for citizenship. There is, however, no requirement to speak Italian or pass any examinations. You can apply for citizenship after only one year if you meet some other requirements. For example, if you plan to reside in Italy for more than five years, then you should apply by that time.
Anyone who lives in Italy for at least 182 days per year can apply for citizenship. This includes people who were born in Italy, those who became permanent residents of Italy, and even those who were granted asylum in Italy. If your reason for wanting to become an Italian citizen is because it would allow you to vote in national elections, we recommend that you wait until after you've resided in Italy for three years. In order to register to vote, you need to be either a resident or a citizen of Italy.
You must fulfill some educational requirements to be eligible to apply for citizenship. These include being able to read and write in the language of instruction at your school (usually but not always Italian). If you cannot read or write Italian, there are courses available through universities and other institutions to help you achieve this goal.
It's also important to note that if you are already a citizen of another country, you cannot automatically become a citizen of Italy.
Non-EU citizens must first apply for a temporary residence visa, which is valid for 5 years, before applying for a permanent residency permit in Italy. To put it another way, a non-EU citizen must remain in Italy for 5 years before seeking for permanent residency. There are two ways to obtain a residence permit: by working in an Italian company or firm (called "residenziale di lavoro") or by establishing yourself in the community as a useful member (called "residenziale per il contributo alla comunità").
The procedure for getting a work permit is different depending on whether you are a EU citizen or not. If you are an EU citizen you only need to find work in the European Economic Area (EEA) and hold a valid work permit. If you are not an EU citizen then you will also need to meet health requirements and be able to support yourself and your family. When looking for work it is best to search into opportunities in the EEA because there will be less competition from illegal workers.
It's worth mentioning that if you plan to stay in Italy for longer than five years without becoming an EU citizen, then you will need to apply for a residence permit. However, this can be problematic since there are currently no jobs available for long-term residents.