How did Athens' democracy develop?

How did Athens' democracy develop?

Pericles, the philosopher and statesman, was instrumental in establishing democracy in Athens. He governed Athenian politics via clever persuasion and negotiation. Pericles thought that all people should have a say in governance and was the first to pay men in office a stipend. He also encouraged cultural events such as festivals, plays, and competitions which helped connect Athens with other countries.

Athens' democracy began to collapse in the 450s BC when politicians started paying soldiers to go to war against their will. This practice of hiring mercenaries instead of citizens ended up destroying any hope of defending Athens against invasion. Then in 404 BC, after serving as ambassador to Sparta, Socrates was executed for refusing to worship the Greek gods. After his death, his friends and students organized public discussions called "dialogs" to explore issues of the day. These conversations made Socrates famous and attracted many followers who wanted to hear his ideas about ethics and philosophy.

In 403 BC, leaders of five cities-Athina, Eretria, Carystus, Catana, and Syracuse-met to form a league against Athens. The city-states of the anti-democratic League of Corinth agreed not to allow ships from either side to enter their ports, so Athens could no longer use sea power to attack her enemies. As soon as the league was formed, however, they turned on each other and fought several wars between themselves. By 400 BC, only Syracuse remained loyal to Athens.

Which steps did Pericles take to strengthen democracy in Athens?

What efforts did Pericles take to enhance Athens' democracy? He raised the number of paid public officials, so that even the poorest person might serve if elected or chosen by lot. Athens currently has more inhabitants participating in self-government than any other Greek city state. He also organized annual elections for offices not requiring a vote of the people (e.g., archons), thereby preventing them from being held only when it was convenient for the ruler. These reforms helped transform Athens into a fully participatory society.

In conclusion, Pericles strengthened Athens' democracy by increasing the number of paid public officials, organizing annual elections for all positions except the king's, and abolishing previous laws that prevented citizens from serving their country.

What was good about the Athens government?

Before establishing a democracy, the inhabitants of Athens experimented with several types of administration. For many years, a tiny number of wealthy men governed your city. They have typically been effective leaders. They have constructed additional structures and fortified the city against intruders. But they were also responsible for some bad decisions. They ended up having more power than was good for them, and this led to their destruction.

In 500 B.C., Athens got a government that was voted on by all citizens. This is called "democracy." For most of its history, the city-state was ruled by elected officials who made policies by voting on proposals put forward by political parties. The party that won the majority of votes became responsible for running the government. When one party loses interest in politics, which often happens because there are too many other things to worry about, another takes its place through election day shenanigans or even violent revolution.

But despite these frequent changes, democracy was always able to recover. In fact, over the years, it has proved to be one of humanity's greatest inventions.

How did Pericles strengthen Athenian democracy?

Pericles expanded the number of paid public officials in order to foster democracy. Previously, most jobs in Athens were unpaid. This made it difficult for less privileged people to get government posts. Even the poorest citizen can now serve if chosen. This choice is done by lot. This process is called "chrematism" and it means that everyone has an equal chance to be elected.

Besides, Pericles built fifty new temples for the gods. This was important because religion was used by the state to bind the people together and make them support democratic decisions. For example, if a politician wanted to gain support from the people he could promise to sacrifice to Zeus on behalf of the city.

Finally, Pericles promoted cultural activities such as plays and festivals which helped preserve democracy by keeping people busy with fun events that didn't involve arguing about politics.

In conclusion, Pericles strengthened Athenian democracy by promoting equality before the law, helping poor citizens become more influential, building new temples for the gods and promoting cultural activities.

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Larry Martinez

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