1. Santa Anna presided over the Mexican government 11 times. He was Mexico's president four times between 1833 and 1835 before becoming a military-backed tyrant. Despite being discredited following the Texas Revolution, Santa Anna managed a political comeback and served as president seven more times between 1839 and 1855. His brutal suppression of Mexican opposition is said to have contributed to the demise of the monarchy and the start of Mexico's modern republic.
2. Santa Anna has been criticized for his role in the oppression of Mexicans' rights. Although he declared himself neutral in the Texas Revolution, many Mexicans believe he helped the Texans because they allowed him to conquer their country.
3. After his death in 1841, no major political figure emerged to take his place until 1847, when Valentín Gómez Farías was elected president. However, he wasn't able to continue due to lack of support from Congress, and he resigned after only one year in office. Santa Anna's brother-in-law Maximilian I became emperor of Mexico in 1867. He was crowned by Pope Pius IX and ruled until his execution in 1867 at the end of his term.
4. During his time as president, Santa Anna confiscated land from its Spanish owners and distributed it among his supporters. This action created a small group of wealthy people who were able to buy land from or trade with the government, which eventually led to corruption.
During his first administration, Santa Anna delegated most of the government's operations to the vice president, who implemented numerous controversial changes, prompting Santa Anna to lead a military coup against his own government (People). Mexico's constitution of 1824 granted the states numerous liberties. It allowed them to create their own governments without any influence from Mexico City. So, in order to ensure that these new governments would work for him, not against him, Santa Anna created a system where governors were given power by the president but they had to "consent" to become chief executive by swearing an oath before a notary public.
This method of appointing officials was used by many countries at the time, including Great Britain and Russia. It can be seen as a form of federalism because it allows the states to control their own affairs without being dominated by Mexico City. However, this arrangement also led to many problems because governors could block policies they didn't like by refusing to consent to them. This means that the only way to get your way through the system was to either bribe or threaten the governor. The result was a Mexican government that was open only to those who could afford to buy its favor.
After four years in office, Santa Anna again led a military coup this time against the government he had helped to create. This time he accused the vice president of plotting with the United States to overthrow him and have Texas join Mexico as its own country.
In 1835, Mexico's president, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, destroyed the constitution and declared himself dictator. Recognizing that the "American" Texans would exploit his ascent to power as a reason to secede, Santa Anna directed the Mexican troops to begin disarming the Texans as soon as feasible. The war that followed became known as the Texas Revolution.
Santa Anna hoped this would discourage further attacks on Mexico and prevented social upheaval from rising up against him. But the people of Texas were not about to let them get away with it so easily. In fact, they revolted three more times after the first one in 1836. By the time he died in 1841, he had been defeated by all three revolutions. His body is buried in the Alamo.
The Mexican government ordered their soldiers to give up their guns because they didn't want another revolution while they were trying to build their country. However, this wasn't the only reason why they gave them up. The Mexicans also wanted to make sure there would be no bloodshed since they weren't ready for a long war yet.
In conclusion, it was both reasons combined that caused Santa Anna to disarm the Texans. He didn't want another rebellion while he was building his country into what it is today. At the same time, he wanted to prevent more killings since he was still young and didn't want to hurt his chances of becoming president next time around.