What role did the Twenty-Sixth Amendment have in addressing the concerns of American children during the Vietnam War? It granted the president unrestricted authority to send soldiers to war, providing young people with a single person to whom they could express their worries. The amendment was proposed by Senator Robert F. Kennedy (D-New York) and ratified by the requisite number of states on December 31, 1971.
Americans were deeply divided over involvement in the Vietnam War. Many students felt that their government had no right to ask them to fight and many parents were afraid for their children's safety in the military draft. The Twenty-Sixth Amendment provided an answer to these concerns by giving Congress and the president the power to raise or lower the age requirement for men to be drafted. Previous to this amendment, the minimum age was eighteen; now it is forty-five. Children under eighteen were not allowed to serve in the military in any capacity including as a human shield. Parents who sent their sons to war knew that they were putting themselves at risk because there was nothing to prevent their eighteen-year-olds from bringing them back into the draft if they were killed or injured.
The amendment's success in reducing youth involvement in war reflects both a change in public opinion against fighting wars of choice and the ability of politicians to act on that opinion.
Randolph's efforts were motivated by his trust in America's youth, whom he thought possessed "a strong social conscience, are confused by the inequities in the world, and are anxious to repair those ills." How the Vietnam War Draft Fueled the Campaign to Reduce the Legal Voting Age
Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States who are 18 years of age or older to vote shall not be denied or limited on the basis of age by the United States or any state. Section 2: The Congress shall have the authority to enact necessary legislation to implement this article.
The Vietnam War was a major role in the passage of the 26th amendment, which reduced the voting age to 18 in 1971. The war was important because it brought young people into the voting booth instead of down on city streets. The government also thought that if you were old enough to fight in the war, then you should be able to vote.
Some states did not want to lower their voting age so they passed laws that prevented people under 21 from voting in elections for federal offices. These laws were not strong enough to stop states from prohibiting youth from voting in state elections, so they only applied to federal elections.
In 1970, there were about 20 million people between the ages of 18 and 24. By 1975, that number had more than doubled to 45 million. Of these 100 million Americans, only about 7 million were registered to vote.
The number of people over the age of 65 increased by about 15 percent from 1960 to 1980. During this time, the number of women entering the workforce rose dramatically. In 1960, there were about 5 million working women aged 20 to 64. By 2000, that number had almost tripled to 13 million. With more women in the workforce, there was less pressure on them to stay home and look after children.
The Vietnam War became the focal point of demonstrations, which led in government attempts to curtail First Amendment safeguards, primarily pertaining to the freedom to assemble and what constituted lawful free speech criticism of the war.
These attempts included: passing the Military Selective Service Act (MSSA), which was later found to be unconstitutional; passing the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), which severely limited the ability of Americans to grow or use marijuana; and threatening to shut down newspapers that published articles they deemed harmful to the government's position on the war.
In response, civil libertarians organized efforts to protect citizens' rights, including organizing a national moratorium on military draft calls, which prevented the government from drafting more young men into service; lobbying Congress to repeal the CSA; and promoting the legalization of marijuana.
The Vietnam War came to an end in April 1975 when South Vietnam surrendered to communist forces. Many Americans believe the ending of the war was inevitable due to the lack of support the United States could provide its ally given the political climate at the time. However, many others believe the war could have been stopped if enough Americans had spoken out against it.
In conclusion, the Vietnam War affected the First Amendment because it showed how vulnerable our freedoms are without protection by our government.
Expert Approved Answer The twenty-sixth amendment has the effect of prohibiting state and federal governments from invoking an individual's age to restrict the right to vote to citizens of the United States who are at least eighteen years old. Prior to the passage of this amendment, many states had laws that prohibited individuals from voting in any election if they were not physically fit to serve in the military. These laws often did not allow for exceptions for people who were disabled or elderly and could not serve in the military, so in theory anyone over the age of 18 could be prevented from voting. The passage of the 26th Amendment eliminates these restrictions by guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of age.
The 22nd Amendment limits the number of times a person can become president. The 26th Amendment eliminated another possible limitation on the power of election by providing universal suffrage for citizens ages 18 and older.
The 23rd Amendment abolished slavery as we know it today, but it also provided that no person would be able to hold more than one office at a time. The 26th Amendment eliminated this restriction by allowing persons to hold multiple offices including president. A person cannot be excluded from voting because they hold another job; only residents of a state legislature can decide how their own system will work. Voters should be aware of any potential conflicts of interest when casting their ballots.
The 26th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified on this date. Lowering the national voting age became a contentious issue during the turbulence surrounding the unpopular Vietnam War. The need for greater involvement by U.S. citizens in their government's decision making process resulted in the amendment being proposed by Congress and approved by the voters. It prohibits anyone under the age of 18 from serving in any way as a U.S. Senator or Representative.
There were two versions of the amendment submitted to the states for consideration. The first version, which would have lowered the voting age to 18, was rejected by the Senate. A second version, which would have lowered the voting age to 20, was also rejected by the Senate but it provided for the possibility that future amendments could lower the voting age further. As it turned out, no other amendments were made to change the voting age; thus, everyone aged 21 or older was able to vote in the 1980 elections (which included the 1972 presidential election).
The idea for lowering the voting age originated with President Lyndon B. Johnson. He believed that young people should have a voice in decisions that affect their lives. Additionally, more participation by young people would help build stronger communities by engaging them in public service projects and activities.