Choose a fallen nut in which you can hear water splash when you shake it to germinate a coconut. Keep the husk on. Before planting, soak it in a bucket of water for two or three days. To cultivate a coconut palm as a house plant, put it in a shallow hole and just bury the lowest part of the nut. As it grows, feed it every other week with a high-nitrogen fertilizer such as 15-15-15. In four months, you should be able to snap a piece off of the trunk and find mature brown coconuts inside the shell.
Coconuts are one of the few plants that always grow back if you take some of its seed. Harvest the nuts when they are dry and dark green with soft spines where they meet the shell. Spread out the seeds to dry in the sun for several weeks before storing them in an airtight container at room temperature for future use.
When you next see your coconut growing in the garden, pick another one and follow the same process. This will continue until all the seeds are used up, so keep harvesting until no more sprout.
Once you have harvested enough seeds, fill the empty space left by the removed nuts with sand or soil and water well. The coconut palms will grow back even after being cut down before, so there's no need to worry about this population growth.
All coconut palms require some shade to full sun as well as well-drained soil. A coconut will germinate in 3 to 6 months if properly cared for. A germinated coconut contains roots that push through the shell as well as a pointed shoot that emerges from the nut's end. This shoot will grow into a new tree or, if it reaches the ground, turn into a seedling.
The main factor that determines when a coconut will mature is the temperature. In the Northern Hemisphere, coconuts only mature during cold seasons because their oils contain more unsaturated fatty acids than saturated ones and cannot withstand heat. When the temperature rises above 85 degrees F, the oil starts to degrade, causing the fruit to become rancid.
In the Southern Hemisphere, where temperatures remain high all year round, coconut trees mature regardless of the season. They do this by producing seeds that will germinate immediately after dispersal so that mating can occur again quickly after pollination. The problem with this system is that without any protection against frost, most seeds won't make it to maturity. However, some seeds do survive due to hot spots in the soil that allow them to sprout before others nearby that didn't get such treatment.
Coconut palm trees have very long life spans. Some specimens have been known to reach 500 years old while others live as long as 600 years!
Begin with a fresh coconut that still has the husk on it to create a coconut plant. When you shake it, it still sounds like it has water. Soak it for two to three days in water. Place the coconut in a container filled with well-draining potting soil once it has soaked. Keep it outside in the sun if you can. If not, then place it under a light such as a sunny window or indoor lighting unit.
In about a month, you should start seeing signs of life inside the coconut. This is when you know it's time to stop watering it and let it go dry out a little before trying to tap into its contents. You will need a nutcracker to open this up. Use caution not to break off any parts of the root system while attempting to open the coconut up.
Once opened, drain all of the milk out of the coconut and reserve it for drinking or cooking with. Inside the shell, you should see several white fibers attached to a brown stem. These are the coconut roots. Don't throw them away; they can be used in many different ways.
If you don't want to use the whole coconut, then just buy the meat only. It's delicious mixed in with salad or added to curries.
Coconuts thrive in temperatures of 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius) or above. The key to developing a coconut palm tree is to keep it adequately watered during germination without allowing it to sit in excessively damp soil. When you bring your seedling into your home, remove the plastic wrap and keep the coconut in a warm, dark location for approximately three months.
After this time, you can transfer the seedlings into individual pots for their final growing season. Be sure to provide each plant with at least one whole coconut as well as enough fresh water and fertilizer to maintain healthy growth. In the fall, simply cut the stem near the pot and lift the plant out carefully. If you're careful not to damage the roots, your coconut palm tree will make another strong trunk for next year's harvest.
Coconuts are an excellent source of food and oil. The meat inside the shell can be eaten raw or roasted while the milk can be drunk either hot or cold. The inner white flesh of the coconut contains more than 50% fat. This makes it a good source of nutrition for people who need to control their weight.
Palm trees are very popular in tropical countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand. There are two main types of palm trees: fan palms and fronds palms.