Citizens of the European Economic Area or the European Free Trade Association (EEA/EPTA) must do relatively little to become citizens of Iceland. They do not need a specific permit to work or reside in Iceland. Iceland's average salary is 163,635 Icelandic Krona (ISK), or 245,453 ISK per couple. The cost of living in Iceland is high by international standards; housing is expensive and in scarce supply.
In order to qualify for Icelandic citizenship, an individual must fulfill some minimal requirements such as having a valid passport, being able to speak English and have no criminal record. In addition, one must fulfill some more specific criteria depending on how long ago one's parent or grandparent became citizens of Iceland. For example, if one's ancestor was granted citizenship more than 50 years ago then there is a presumption that the new citizen is also willing to contribute to the social security system. This means that in order to be eligible one must either be aged 60 or younger or have been diagnosed with a disease that leads to early retirement.
Icelandic citizenship is generally granted to those who are already settled in Iceland. One cannot apply for citizenship unless one has reached the age of 18. There is no specific requirement as to why one should become a citizen of Iceland but perhaps the most common reason is to be able to vote in national elections.
If one loses one's Icelandic citizenship, then one can reapply after six months have passed.
A non-EEA citizen may apply for a residency permit while living in Iceland if they are: the spouse/cohabiting spouse of an Icelandic citizen or foreigner with a permanent or unrestricted residence permit; or the child of an Icelandic citizen or foreign citizen with a permanent or unrestricted residence permit (under the age of 18). The applicant must fulfill some language proficiency requirements to be granted a permit. There is no fee for applying for a residence permit.
Those who already have a residence permit that is valid for another EU country can move to Iceland with this permit. It does not matter how long you have been living in the other country or what type of visa you hold there. As long as your residence permit is valid, you can travel to Iceland with it.
Those who want to stay in Iceland for a limited time can apply for a permit for temporary work purposes. It can be issued for up to three months and can be extended once. There is no requirement for the holder to return to their home country after the permit expires, but if they wish to extend their stay in Iceland they will need to apply again.
If you are able to prove that you meet the criteria for one of the categories mentioned above, you will then need to submit an application to the Ministry of Interior.
You can become an Icelandic citizen in three of three ways:
Iceland's immigration procedure: EEA/EFTA citizens Fortunately for us, immigrants from EEA/EFTA countries can stay in Iceland for up to three months without registering a residence, or up to six months if actively seeking employment. Applying for your Kennitala as soon as you arrive in Iceland is the best option. If you need more time, you can also register at the local police station and give them a reason for your registration. They will issue you with a permit valid for up to two years.
As long as you have a valid passport and visa, there are no restrictions for traveling to Iceland. The only thing worth mentioning is that if you are arrested while in Iceland, you will be deported immediately. There is no chance of getting out of it. Even if you are granted bail, it will not stop the deportation process.
In conclusion, Icelandic citizenship is open to everyone who lives in Iceland or visits it. If you are not European, don't worry about it. There are different ways you can apply for Icelandic citizenship. The first one is by registering at the local police station. If you need help with this process, you can always ask someone who has done it before. Be sure to do it as soon as you arrive in Iceland because after three months there's no turning back.
Non-EEA/EFTA nationals and the immigration procedure in Iceland If they plan to stay in Iceland for more than three months, most will need to get a residency visa from the Directorate of Immigration. When their application is granted, they will be able to apply for their Kennitala when they arrive. They should do this even if they have already obtained an extension of stay.
Those who qualify can also receive a residence permit for family members. This can be done by either joining your spouse or civil partner in Iceland or by applying directly with the Migration Office in the country where they are registered.
People can live in Iceland without a permission if they are nationals of a Nordic country (this covers nations like Norway, Denmark, Finland, and Sweden). They were born in Iceland and had lived there for more than a year. In that case, the government will send them a document confirming their status. Otherwise, anyone who wants to live in Iceland must obtain a residence permit.
The reason people have to get permits is because Iceland is very small (it's only 36,000 square miles), so it doesn't make sense for it to have a large police force to protect such a small population. Instead, the government provides incentives for people to report crime by not charging a fee for resident permits. If someone breaks into your home or car and runs off with something, for example, you won't be able to report this crime because you didn't get a permit for your vehicle. However, if you're a tourist and someone steals your wallet, they would have to give it back to you after they found out you weren't Icelandic.
In addition to tourists, residents of other countries, and criminals, people also need permits if they are employees of foreign companies who want to move to Iceland for work. These workers are usually given permits for some period of time (usually one year) after which time they would need to reapply if they still want to stay in Iceland.