At the start of a new Congress, the Speaker is elected by a majority of the Representatives-elect from candidates picked separately by the majority and minority party caucuses. These candidates are chosen by their party's members during organizational caucuses held shortly after the new Congress is sworn in. If no candidate receives a majority of votes, then the Chairmen of the Caucuses can propose other candidates. In this case, they try to reach an agreement on who should be nominated by their parties.
The Speaker is generally expected to lead his or her party in the House, but since the position has no official power beyond that of a speaker, it can be held by someone else if the leadership wants it to be. In fact, most speakers have been selected because they are able to persuade others that they should be given the job.
Since 1947, every Speaker has been an incumbent elected directly by the voters. Before 1947, there were only two exceptions to this rule: William S. Holman was elected Speaker by the members of the Ohio House of Representatives in 1829, but he refused the position and instead took office as an appointed Indian agent. Samuel Tilden was elected Speaker by the members of the New York State Assembly in 1846, but he also refused the position.
There have been only ten speakers who did not come into office through an election process.
The Speaker serves as the House's presiding officer, party leader, and administrative head, among other things. The Speaker can also be removed by vote of no confidence.
House rules provide for a speaker pro tempore, who functions in the absence of the Speaker. The position has been held by the majority party since the 19th century; before then, leaders of the two houses were appointed by their parties. Currently, the speaker pro tempore is Republican Jim Lower.
Nancy Pelosi became the first female Speaker of the House on January 4, 2007. She replaced John Boehner, who stepped down after eight years as Speaker.
To become Speaker, you must win votes from the members of the House. Generally, there is a leadership election every Congress when the previous Speaker steps down or dies. However, if no one wins a majority of votes, then a second ballot is held. On this second ballot, the candidate that receives the most votes becomes Speaker.
Speakers are typically chosen by their parties' leadership.
Speaker of the House The members of the United States House of Representatives vote on the first day of each new Congress every two years. Each of the main political parties nominates one candidate for Speaker. Typically, the candidate from the majority party wins. But if there is no majority, then the chair will determine which candidate receives the most votes by using a procedural rule called "the point of order."
The speaker must be an elected official. However, since the office became partisan in the mid-19th century, only Republicans have held it. The current speaker is Republican Paul Ryan. He was elected on January 3, 2015.
Before the creation of the position in 1792, the president of the Senate acted as speaker. Also, during the Confederation period (1781-1789), the chief executive was also a speaker. Finally, between 1595 and 1645, all speakers were members of the House of Commons.
Since the 1920s, the speaker has been given priority status over other bills before the start of each new Congress. This privilege is known as "the speaker's prerogative." It can be used by any member of Congress to prevent a bill from coming to a vote. The speaker can also submit his or her own measures for consideration by the full House. If they pass with enough support, they become law without being voted on by the members.
The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. The majority party caucus elects the Speaker, who is a member of the House. However, the Speaker can be removed by a vote of no confidence initiated by another member of the majority party. The Speaker can also be removed if two-thirds of the members of the House vote to remove them. The Speaker cannot be removed if they are thrown out of office before their term has ended.
This organization began as a company when it was formed by Thomas Jefferson on February 11, 1801. He had been elected president of the United States that year and needed a way to communicate with Congress while he worked from the executive mansion in Washington, D.C. Because Congress was then in session in New York City, Mr. Jefferson wanted a quick method of communication between the two places. He asked Samuel Davidson to help him come up with an idea for a government agency that would allow messages to be sent quickly across the country. After several meetings with Mr. Davidson, who was an experienced messenger himself, Mr. Jefferson decided to form a company that would operate as a post office but also handle letters and packages between Washington, D.C., and the various congressional districts. This organization became known as the American Post Office Department and was given the power to establish post offices throughout the country.