The Lieutenant Governor of Illinois is the state's second-highest executive. In Illinois, the lieutenant governor and governor run together and are elected directly by popular vote. Historically, the lieutenant governor has been a member of either the Democratic or Republican parties. However, this practice is now defunct due to the fact that there are no longer enough registered voters to guarantee each party has at least one person on the ballot. Instead, they share power by designating one person as their "chief deputy" who can make decisions for them if they are unable to do so. The current lieutenant governor is Democrat Kathryn Woodlepps, who was elected in 2014 after the death of Gov. Pat Quinn.
In Illinois, the lieutenant governor does not receive a salary but is paid an annual honorarium of $75,000. The position also requires a candidate to pay a $50,000 deposit within 30 days of being nominated by a political action committee. The remaining $25,000 must be paid by January 5 during the election year.
If the office of the lieutenant governor becomes vacant, the governor may designate a successor who would serve until the next general election. The governor can also refuse to fill the vacancy by stating why he or she cannot appoint someone to the office. In this case, the secretary of state will begin a search for a new nominee.
According to the state constitution, the Governor of Illinois is the top executive of the State of Illinois and the many agencies and departments over which the official has control. It is a directly elected office, with votes cast by popular suffrage of state inhabitants. The governor must be at least 35 years old and have been a U.S. citizen for seven years prior to election. The governor can be removed from office only through impeachment by the House of Representatives and trial by the Senate. Otherwise, they cannot be fired.
In practice, the governor controls all state agencies and offices, except for the Legislature and courts. The power of appointment allows the governor to select people to hold various positions within the state government. For example, the governor may appoint agency heads who work under the direction of a director or chief executive officer (CEO). The governor may also have some influence over local governments in Illinois through their apportionment processes. Finally, the governor can sign or veto bills that come before the Legislature; however, if she/he vetoes a bill, it can be overridden by another vote of each house of the Legislature.
The governor does not have a fixed salary but makes an annual allowance of $150,000 from the state treasury. If the office becomes vacant, then the governor can make any final payment out of their own pocket. Otherwise, they would be indebted to the state for that year's income.
Lieutenant Governor of Illinois The lieutenant governor takes over as governor if the governor dies, resigns, or is removed from office. According to the Illinois Constitution, the Attorney General succeeds to the Governor's office after the Lieutenant Governor, but not to the Lieutenant Governor's office. The Constitution provides that if there be no attorney general appointed during the term for which the officer was elected, then the secretary of state becomes attorney general.
The first lieutenant governor was John Todd (who had been president of the Illinois Senate) who served from 1829 to 1837. After his death, his son Samuel J. Todd became the second lieutenant governor. In 1861, the position became an elective one and has remained so since then. The current lieutenant governor is Kim Foxx (D), who was elected in 2018.
Until 1969, lieutenant governors were required by law to be attorneys. However, this requirement was eliminated by a constitutional amendment that was approved by voters statewide. The amendment also provided for the creation of the office of clerk of the circuit court, which includes filling the vacancy that may occur when the governor dies, leaves office, or is otherwise unable to perform his or her duties. The clerk operates under the supervision of the chief judge of the appellate court.
In addition to their role as presiding officers of their respective houses, many states have another vice president-like office called the deputy governor.