The Democratic Caucus or the Republican Conference selects the speaker and other floor leaders, depending on which party has the most voting members. So, who are the House and Senate presiding officers?
The president pro tempore of the United States Senate is the leader of the majority party, which in 2019 was Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-KY). The Speaker of the House is the president pro tem of the United States Congress, which in 2019 was Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA).
These are very important positions that require leadership skills and experience in managing others. They also require knowledge of parliamentary procedure and be able to persuade their colleagues through debate.
The president pro tem is elected by the entire Senate. However, since he or she can't be from a state whose legislature is still in session, they must have been elected previously to the Senate. Similarly, the Speaker of the House must have been elected to the lower chamber already. There are some exceptions to this rule, such as when a senator or representative dies while out of office. In this case, another person is selected by their peers to take their place.
Both the president pro tem and the Speaker are expected to lead their parties in the Senate and House, respectively.
The Speaker serves as the House's presiding officer, party leader, and administrative head, among other things. The Speaker is elected by a majority of the Representatives-elect from candidates picked separately by the majority and minority party caucuses at the start of each new Congress. The Speaker can also be removed by two-thirds vote of the House through the same process that elected them.
Speakers have been known to hold various other positions within the party in order to gain influence over legislation or other matters before the House. For example, one famous Speaker served as an advisor to the president on foreign policy issues. Another served as vice president under George Washington. Yet another was a senator before being elected Speaker.
However, a Speaker cannot simultaneously hold another leadership position within the party: all offices are considered "at-large," which means they cover the country as a whole instead of being confined to a single state or region. Thus, there has never been more than one person holding several different offices at once. Currently, Paul Ryan is the Speaker of the House, while Kevin McCarthy is the Majority Leader; both men were elected during the Republican Revolution of 1994. The Democratic Party did not elect a Speaker during the 103rd Congress, so Nancy Pelosi remains the House Minority Leader.
It is important to note that the Speaker is not directly elected by voters but rather chosen by members of the House of Representatives.
The individual who acts as the presiding officer in the House of Representatives is known as the "Speaker of the House." The Speaker of the House is elected by a vote of the members of the House. The Speaker is given the honor of opening each session of Congress with an address called the "Oath of Office."
The Speaker controls the flow of business in the House and can make decisions on how to proceed with legislation, amendments, and motions. He or she can also prevent votes on certain issues before them. For example, if the Speaker believes that legislation before the House is unconstitutional, he or she could exercise his or her power to "disqualify" it by stating that the House cannot consider such laws. If the Speaker refuses to disqualify a bill, then it will not be voted on by the full House.
However, the Speaker does not have absolute control over all aspects of House business. Members can still bring up issues before voting on them (e.g., motions to amend bills or nominations), and they can force votes on specific issues by filing "privileges" petitions. In addition, there are committees which have authority over different areas of legislation where the Speaker does not have any say so. For example, the Judiciary Committee would have jurisdiction over constitutional amendments while the Rules Committee would determine how rules are made for Congress as a whole.
The Speaker of the House is elected by the MPs as the chamber's presiding authority. He or she is the third in line to succeed to the Presidency. The Speaker is generally appointed by the prime minister, who also selects the other members of the Cabinet. However, under some circumstances, such as when there is a vacancy in the office of the prime minister, the Speaker may be chosen by vote of the members of the House of Representatives.
In addition to being the presiding officer, the Speaker can cast voting ballots on certain matters before them. They include questions relating to the adoption of new rules of procedure for the House, which need to be agreed upon by members in order to become law; private bills, which need to be approved by at least one-third of all members present in order to become law; and motions to adjourn from sitting. In each case, the Speaker votes on the issue before them. If they are unanimous in their support of the Speaker's position, then their vote is counted as a "yes" vote. Otherwise, it is a "no" vote.
If the Speaker fails to obtain the necessary votes, then the member with the next highest number of votes becomes acting speaker until a new election can be held.
The speaker, majority and minority leaders, assistant leaders, whips, and a party caucus or conference are all members of the House leadership. The speaker serves as the House's leader and serves in a variety of institutional and administrative capacities. On the House floor, majority and minority leaders represent their respective parties. The Speaker can be removed by two-thirds vote of the entire House; removal of the Majority Leader requires only a simple majority vote.
The speaker leads the process by which legislation is considered by the House. He or she may also have a role in developing policy positions for his or her party prior to elections. The majority and minority leaders work with their parties' committees to schedule business for consideration on the House floor. They may have a role in adding amendments to bills that come before the House, though they do not have a vote on final passage of those measures.
Assistant leaders are elected by their colleagues and serve as "eyes and ears" of the House. They can play an important role in lobbying their colleagues to support or oppose issues before them. They can also help shape legislative strategy by attending meetings with members of their parties and other groups.
Whips are responsible for enforcing party discipline in the House. They ensure that members attend daily votes and that they remain within the party hierarchy by removing members who vote against them or who fail to show up for roll call votes.