Quora user from Japan. There are no restrictions. He/she can hold the seat as long as he/she is elected as the head of the ruling party. Taro Katsura, however, is the longest in contemporary history, lasting just 8 years. The average tenure is about half that - 4 years.
Prime ministers are required by law to be natural-born citizens. They can also not be under age 70 or have been married before. If a prime minister dies, is removed from office, or is otherwise unable to continue in office, then the president has the authority to appoint a replacement who will serve until an election can be held.
The post of prime minister has been important in Japanese politics for much of its history. After the end of World War II, the country was ruled under a series of temporary administrations until 1952, when it adopted a permanent system of government. This new system provided for a prime minister and a cabinet, which are the two highest offices in the land.
In practice, however, it is the leader of the majority party or coalition of parties who decides what role, if any, the prime minister will play in government affairs. Usually, this person is appointed by the emperor during nomination ceremonies held after elections have taken place.
According to Article 75, the Minister serves at the discretion of the President. He normally continues in office for five years, as long as he has the support of the Lok Sabha. If the president does not have the confidence of the house before this time expires, then he or she can be removed by the president.
However, since 1999, all ministers serving under a caretaker government are required to leave their posts within 20 days of the election of the new parliament.
If a party wins an absolute majority of seats in the Lok Sabha, then it can bring down the government simply by withholding its vote of confidence. Otherwise, it needs the support of other parties to do so. A vote of no confidence is called by any member who has the support of at least one-third of all members of the house. If the government loses the vote, then it will be forced out of office. A new government can then be formed without that person/party.
A caretaker government is used when there is no general election pending. In such cases, the president usually invites the leader of the largest party to form a government. However, if the leader refuses, then the president may invite another party to form a coalition government.
Japan's Elections There are two sets of age restrictions for persons seeking office: twenty-five years old for entry to the House of Representatives and most municipal positions, and thirty years old for admission to the House of Councillors and the prefectural governorship. The deposit for each candidate is 3 million yen (30 thousand dollars)...
In addition, women cannot serve as prime minister or president. However, many women hold ministerial positions, especially at the local level.
There are also age limits for judges. They must be at least forty years old; however, older judges can be appointed if there is a need for experience. Judges can only be removed by death, resignation, or court order.
The maximum age limit for anyone running for office in Japan is seventy years old. Candidates must meet certain requirements to stand for election. For example, they must be able to conduct themselves with dignity and honor while being interviewed by journalists. They also must not be convicted of any crime related to their political career. Voters may remove a candidate from the ballot after voting if they believe that the candidate does not meet the requirements to stand for office.
People can vote for any number of candidates for different offices. Voting is usually done by choosing "yes" or "no" for each candidate. If you want to express your opinion on an issue before you vote, it is possible but not required.
Candidates who win the Lok Sabha elections are referred to as "Members of Parliament," and they serve for a period of five years, or until the body is dissolved by the President on the suggestion of the Council of Ministers. However, most members do not serve out their full term because several reasons may lead to the dissolution of the Lok Sabha.
Examples include the death of the Prime Minister, the President's decision that new elections need to be held, and the failure of the legislative assembly at the state level to elect successors. In such cases, the President immediately dissolves the Lok Sabha and calls fresh elections.
Once elected, a member cannot be disqualified except through expulsion from the House by a two-thirds vote of both the House and the Senate. The only other way out is resignation from office, which can be offered either publicly or privately. A person cannot be made to resign by the president himself; instead, the president has the power to recommend resignation to the appropriate government minister who can accept it or reject it.
In practice, almost all newly elected members seek re-election. Only a few people have been known to refuse the offer of a seat in the Lok Sabha after being elected - these include Jogendra Singh, who joined the BJP before the 2009 election but refused to take his seat due to personal differences with then party leader Nitin Gadkari.
Four (4) years Both the President of the United States and the Prime Minister of Japan are ultimately accountable to the people of their respective countries. The president is accountable to the people as a person and serves a four-year term until the next election. The prime minister is also responsible to the people and serves a five-year term.
When a president takes office, they become the leader of the country during this time. Once elected, a president cannot be removed from office except by death or impeachment.
The vice president serves as a check on the president, acting as president if the first lady or another important official dies, or if the president becomes disabled. The vice president can also step in if there's a national emergency that prevents the president from performing his duties.
In Japan, the prime minister leads his or her government and has many responsibilities, but isn't directly accountable to the public. The prime minister can choose to resign if he or she feels like it can't be done effectively without causing more damage than good. However, no one has yet been able to convincingly explain why politicians would want to quit when they're doing so well.
In both Japan and the United States, leaders are chosen through an election process. In Japan, voters select their president while electing members of the House of Representatives and the Senate.