How many articles deal with the Supreme Court of India?

How many articles deal with the Supreme Court of India?

Article 139 grants the Supreme Court the authority to issue certain writs. Article 140 grants the Supreme Court ancillary powers. Article 141 of the Constitution grants the Supreme Court the power to make laws. The Supreme Court ruled that the statute was binding on all courts. This provision has been used by the court to declare various acts and statutes as illegal or unconstitutional.

In addition to these powers, some cases have also identified other aspects of the constitutional scheme that are subject to modification by the court. These include: the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty (the idea that Parliament can do anything it wants with respect to foreign policy); federalism (the division of power between the central government and the states); and judicial review (the concept that courts can determine if legislation is consistent with the Constitution).

In conclusion, the Supreme Court is considered the highest court in India. It rules on issues relating to the constitutionality of laws and executive actions. Its decisions are final and cannot be appealed against.

Which country has the most powerful Supreme Court?

According to Article 141 of the Indian Constitution, the law pronounced by the Supreme Court is obligatory on all courts within India's jurisdiction. It is India's highest court, with ultimate judicial authority to interpret the Constitution and rule on matters of national law (including local bylaws). The court consists of five judges, including a chief justice who is also a member of the government of India. Currently, the court is headed by Justice Ranjan Gogoi.

India's highest court is so powerful that it can override laws passed by Parliament. In 1992, for example, the Supreme Court ruled that Section 3 of the Indian Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1911 was unconstitutional because it violated freedom of religion under the Indian Constitution. This means that animals cannot be tortured or killed for religious reasons in India.

In 2001, the court decided that HIV-positive people were not allowed to die with impunity. It ruled that the Government of Karnataka must provide free antiretroviral drugs to patients whose CD4 cell counts have declined to below 100 per cubic millimeter of blood. The case was referred to the court by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare after the state government failed to take action against doctors who had ordered the deaths of infected individuals.

The court has also issued directives on issues such as medical education and health care delivery. For example, it has stated that every district must have at least one dedicated cancer hospital by 2010.

Can the president change a Supreme Court decision in India?

Article 137 of the Indian Constitution establishes the Supreme Court's authority to review its own decisions. It has the authority to overturn the impeachment process of the President and judges, which is approved by parliament on the basis of constitutional legitimacy or fundamental characteristics.

The president can recommend changes to the court system but cannot force them to happen. If the president vetoes a bill passed by parliament then it will not come into effect. A vote of no confidence can be brought against the president but if one half of the members of parliament (MPs) vote for this then they will impeach the president, which means that he or she will be removed from office.

The president can also make recommendations to reform the court system but cannot force these changes through parliament. The president can only remove judges from office and there are special procedures to remove judges from office. In order to remove a judge you first have to file a complaint with the judicial council of India which consists of senior judges who will investigate the matter and decide whether or not to proceed with the impeachment process. If two-thirds of the council votes in favor of impeachment then this will take place.

As president you can choose what court you want to hear cases from by refusing to sign judgments issued by courts you do not respect. However, once a judgment has been made public by a court then it is impossible to change your mind on this issue.

What is the advisory role of the Supreme Court of India?

The Supreme Court has advisory authority under Article 143 of the Indian Constitution. This empowers the President to seek the Supreme Court's view on any question of law or public interest on which he believes an opinion is required immediately. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land and its judgments are binding on all other courts.

How does the Supreme Court work?

Advisory opinions are given by a single judge of the Supreme Court who decides that hearing the case is not necessary for reaching a conclusion. If the president asks for an advisory opinion, then the judge will state his reasons why he thinks there is no need to hear the case now. There is no set time limit within which the president must respond to the court.

Who is eligible to be judges of the Supreme Court?

Only individuals who are citizens of India and who have been recommended by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council or the Justice Board of India can be appointed as judges of the Supreme Court. They must also be graduates from an institution approved by the government and they cannot be less than forty-five years old when they assume office. However, if a judge dies, then his or her son, daughter, father or mother can succeed him or her as a judge of the Supreme Court.

About Article Author

Peter Hogan

Peter Hogan is an expert on crime and law enforcement. He has been published in the Wall Street Journal, Newsweek and other prestigious media outlets. Peter's goal is to provide readers with an in-depth look at how police officers are trained and what they are expected to know, so that people can make informed decisions about their safety when it comes to law enforcement.

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