Each district is represented by an alderman who is chosen to a four-year term by his constituents. In addition to serving the interests of their ward constituents, the fifty alderman make up the Chicago City Council, which functions as the city's legislative body. The aldermen are the only elected officials in the city government responsible for policymaking. They work with the mayor and other members of the council to develop legislation and oversee its implementation.
The number of aldermen increased from 50 to 71 after the 1900 city charter was adopted. Subsequent amendments have reduced the number of aldermen to current levels. The aldermen are assigned to committees that review bills before they come to a vote on the floor of the city council.
A majority of the aldermen are required for passage of any bill. If no votes are recorded against it, a simple majority allows for passage. However, if more than one third of the aldermen vote "no" then the bill fails. Aldermen can also block action on legislation by withholding their support. This requires a two-thirds vote to overturn the action of an alderman who has withheld his or her support.
In addition to voting on legislation, aldermen also have a role in administrative matters related to their wards. They may require reports from department heads on issues such as public safety, infrastructure improvements, community services, etc.
Chicago is split into fifty legislative districts, known as wards. The mayor also serves a four-year term and can only be removed from office via impeachment or death.
More than half of the aldermen who will be sworn in to the 50-member Chicago City Council on Monday are first-time candidates. This year, thirteen new alderman were elected. The others were re-elected.
The number of new faces on the council is the highest since 1940, when 14 out of 20 aldermen were new. There have been more than 100 aldermen since 1870, so this isn't unusual. In fact, over the past decade, two-thirds of all aldermen have been replaced.
A majority of the new aldermen won their seats by defeating incumbents. Only one new alderman was selected by the city's political machine: Alderman Edward M. Burke, who has represented the 11th Ward since 2001. He defeated Charles L. Seaman, who had held the seat for 24 years without interruption.
Burke is the only alderman who did not need to file campaign funds reports during his race. Because he was running unopposed, he could raise and spend unlimited amounts of money without limit.
Seaman's defeat is particularly significant because he was expected to win easily. He raised $300,000 and spent only $60,000 of it, leaving a $240,000 surplus at the end of his campaign.
Aldermen Aldermen are members of the City Council who serve four-year terms representing the citizens of a ward, which is a district or region of the city. There are 50 aldermen in the Council, one from each district.
Wards are the basic unit of election and appointment to office in Chicago. Wards are defined geographically by the City Clerk based on voting patterns at the time they are drawn up. New wards are created by the City Clerk through redistricting every ten years based on census data. As such, the aldermanic map is always in flux as constituencies change their minds about where they want representatives to focus their attention.
All candidates for a seat on the City Council must be residents of the city. In addition, they must be registered voters in the city and not currently serving any other public office. Finally, they must meet financial eligibility requirements to hold public office. These include having at least $50,000 in liquid assets or proof that they are covered by insurance policies that will pay out at least that much if they are injured or killed while in office.
A majority vote of the Council is required to pass ordinances and resolutions, while a simple majority is enough to reject ones that have been proposed.
Ariel Reboyras is the alderman for Chicago's 30th ward. Chicago's 30th ward is one of the nicest neighborhoods. Our community support offers personal, social, physical, and emotional assistance to members of our community, including the kids, disabled, impoverished, and old. We collaborate with community service programs. The 30th ward has been called the "jewel" of Chicago's South Side.
The 30th ward includes parts of: Englewood, Grand Boulevard, Humboldt Park, Irving Park, Jackson Park, Kenilworth, Logan Square, Madison Park, Marshall Fields, McKinley Park, Near North Side, New City, Norwood, Oak Park, Palmer Square, Pulaski, Rosemoor, Schurz, South Chicago, South Lake View, and University Village. The 30th ward is majority black, Hispanic, or Latino.
Alderman Ariel Reboyras was elected on April 16, 2009, winning 67% of the vote against three competitors. He was re-elected in 2013 without opposition. His current term will expire in 2019. The 30th ward comprises portions of four Illinois counties: Cook, Will, Grundy, and Johnson.
Reboyras is a former member of the Chicago City Council who served from 2001 to 2019. He first won election to the council in a special election following the resignation of Peter Calderon.
One mayor, one municipal clerk, and one municipal treasurer shall be chosen at large in the first general election, and two aldermen shall be elected from each ward. (From P.A. 76-746.) Section 6-3-11 governs primary elections. The ballot for the general election must list candidates for all offices except those of judge of circuit court. Voters may choose not to vote for any candidate by marking an "X" next to their choice. Sections 6-10-1 through 6-10-5 outline the process for filing candidacy papers.
Aldermanic elections are held on the second Tuesday after the first Monday in May. If no one files as a candidate for an office within 30 days of the first meeting day of the year, then that office will be vacant until the next citywide election. If more than one person files as a candidate for an office, a primary will be held. The top two vote getters will go onto the general election ballot along with any other candidates who have filed. Aldermen serve four-year terms and cannot run for office again until after one year has passed.
The Mayor is the chief executive officer of the city. They make decisions on issues before them and work with others within the city government to implement these decisions. The Mayor can sign ordinances and resolutions or cause them to be signed by the City Clerk.