The Queen's function In addition to the United Kingdom, the Queen is the ruler of 15 Commonwealth states. She is also the leader of the Commonwealth, a non-profit organization comprising 54 sovereign countries. The Queen is the longest-serving monarch in British history, having been on the throne for 60 years when she announced her retirement plans in 2015.
The Queen was born Elizabeth II in London. She is the daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (the Queen Mother). The Queen has held several high offices in the Church of England and is considered to be the head of that church. She is also the Supreme Governor of New Zealand and Australia and several other territories.
Before she became queen, Elizabeth was known as the Princess Elizabeth. She married Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, and they had two children. The couple divorced in 1952. The following year, the Queen married second husband Prince Albert of Sweden. They had two children together before divorcing in 1960. After her divorce, the Queen did not marry again.
She has owned several homes throughout the world, including Buckingham Palace in London, which is now her main residence.
In 2001, the Queen created two new titles for herself: the roles of Head of the Commonwealth and Emperor of India.
A Commonwealth Realm is a country ruled by the Queen. In addition to the United Kingdom, there are 15 Commonwealth Realms. They include Australia, Canada, India, Ireland, Jamaica, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, and Trinidad and Tobago.
The monarch of each Commonwealth realm is called a governor-general or just governor. They are elected by their legislatures, which can be either parliament or council. The office of governor-general is largely symbolic, but they do have some power including the ability to make appointments or declarations of war/conflict. The position of queen or king is not used in any of the countries covered by the term; instead, they use the title "governor" or "governess".
Yes, there are several countries that have had a female ruler as part of their national iconography or history.
Sixteen different countries Most people know her as the Queen of England, although Elizabeth II is the queen of 16 nations. These states, known as the commonwealth realms, are a relic of Great Britain's past colonial empire and acknowledge Elizabeth as their Queen, but are otherwise totally separate sovereign entities.
The British monarch is both head of state and head of government for her subjects. However, unlike in some other countries, she does not have a direct role in running the government. That job is done by a prime minister and a cabinet who work with the king or queen to decide what role they will play with respect to any given issue before them.
In addition to being head of state, the monarch is also the supreme governor of the Church of England. She can make new bishops when needed and has appointed nearly all of the bishops since the mid-19th century. The Archbishop of Canterbury, however, remains a non-political position that is outside of the royal family's influence.
Before the 20th century, most of the countries that now form part of the British realm were independent nations that had been conquered by England or France. Today, these countries include England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, and the Bahamas.
England was the first country to create a written constitution, doing so in 1688 with the Bill of Rights. Other countries followed suit, but none of them remain unchanged today.
Queen Elizabeth II presently governs 16 Commonwealth realms (countries). She has been queen of each country since their respective governments were inaugurated. The only exception is Prince Edward, the future king of England, who ruled as regent while Queen Elizabeth was a minor child.
During her 60-year reign, Queen Elizabeth has conquered three countries: Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. These countries became the first in the world to grant women the right to vote.
The other 13 territories that form the Commonwealth are all British colonies or protectorates. They include India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Gibraltar. Although they are not independent states, most have reached some form of agreement with the United Kingdom government regarding trade, economics, defense, and other issues.
In addition to being one of the most successful female rulers in history, Queen Elizabeth is also the longest-serving monarch in the world. She was crowned on February 11, 1953, at Westminster Abbey in London. The official date of her accession was May 24, 1952.