A session is the period during which the House meets to do its business. According to the Indian Constitution, parliament must meet at least twice a year. It can also meet more frequently if requested by the president of India. The current parliament was elected on 11 April 2014 and is expected to last for five years.
The exact number of days that make up a parliamentary session is variable. It depends on what business is pending in the House and can range from a few hours to nearly a month. The longest sitting so far was in 1959 when the House met for over six months. It passed the Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution which abolished slavery as an institution in India.
In contrast, the shortest sitting was just four days in 1980. That was due to the assassination of Indira Gandhi, the prime minister at the time.
Parliamentary sessions begin on the first Monday after the election of members. However, they can also start earlier if the president invites them to do so. For example, the president can invite Parliament to assemble before the end of its previous session to address some critical issue affecting the nation.
A session of Parliament ends either when it passes a vote of confidence or when it expires by itself after completing its business.
Parliamentary session A session is the period during which the House meets to conduct its business. The President is authorized by the Constitution to call each House at such intervals that there is no more than a six-month break between sessions. As a result, Parliament must convene at least twice a year. However, since the mid-16th century, it has become customary for Parliaments to meet more frequently than this, particularly when dealing with urgent issues or new laws.
There are two reasons why it is necessary for Parliament to meet regularly. First, legislation needs to be passed in order to avoid having old laws expire before new ones take their place. For example, if a law was passed in January and went into effect in April, it would be void because it had expired after one month. Second, Parliaments provide an opportunity for members of both houses to vote on important issues before them. This allows them to voice their opinions on whether the government's policies are effective or not and if need be, propose alternative solutions.
In England and Wales, Parliament is not required by law to meet more than once every five years, but it is common practice for it to do so. Prime Ministers often prefer to hold elections instead of calling meetings, as this gives their governments a fresh start without requiring any legislative action from the opposition.
Each Parliament is typically divided into five parliamentary years known as "sessions," which begin and conclude in the spring. A sitting is a meeting of either House that ends with the House adjourning (pauseing) until the following sitting. A committee meeting is often referred to as a sitting. In practice, most committees conduct business by email and telephone, so they are not physically present but their work continues throughout the session.
The current parliamentary session will end on June 3, 2019 and the next session will begin on November 11, 2019.
There have been six sessions of the 13th Canadian Parliament: • The first session began on October 19, 2015 and ended on April 27, 2016 when then-Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced his resignation. Justin Trudeau was elected prime minister on May 2nd and he appointed several new senators before the end of the month. The second session began on August 5, 2016 and will end on January 23, 2019 when the new parliament is sworn in.
• The third session began on April 29, 2017 and will end on June 3, 2019 when the current parliament is dissolved before the start of the federal election campaign.
• The fourth session began on August 2, 2017 and will end on November 8, 2018 when the final votes are taken on Bill C-69, the Climate Change Act Implementation.