Since 1789, 19 members of the House have held the office of President of the United States. Four members—John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, and Gerald Ford—were never elected to the Presidency, having taken the place of a President who died or resigned.
Tyler was elected to replace John Tyler, who had died in 1841. Fillmore was elected to replace Zachary Taylor, who had been killed in 1850 during the Mexican-American War. Johnson was elected to replace Abraham Lincoln, who had been assassinated in 1865. And Gerald Ford was elected to replace Richard Nixon, who had resigned to avoid being impeached by the Senate.
Thus, 15 out of 19 Presidents have been elected to their offices. The other four men served in an ex officio capacity after their predecessors died or were removed from office.
The only woman to have ever held the office of President of the United States is Eleanor Roosevelt. She was president from 1933 to 1945 after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Before her election, there had been no female President because every female candidate had lost either directly or indirectly (via the electoral college).
Eleanor Roosevelt took the office at a time when the United States was experiencing great difficulty; therefore, she did not seek personal power but rather sought to help those who needed her guidance.
President of the United States has been held by 19 members of the House since 1789. The president is directly elected by the people every four years, and may be removed from office via impeachment for high crimes and misdemeanors. The president can also resign. The most recent election was in 2016 when Donald Trump was elected to a second term.
All but two of the presidents were elected by voters living inside the country at the time of their election. The exceptions are Andrew Jackson, who was elected while he was serving as commander-in-chief, and Abraham Lincoln, who was elected during the Civil War.
The president's official residence is called the White House. It is a government building located near the center of Washington, D.C. Originally built in 1800 for $25,000, it was remodeled in 1814 after the burning of the original building down to its foundation. Since then, it has had more than nine hundred rooms added to it.
The president lives there with his or her family. They occupy one of the top floors within the main house.
Only Gerald Ford was never elected President or Vice President, although serving in both posts. The others all were elected either President or Vice President.
Tyler took office upon the death of James Polk in 1845. He was elected to a full term that same year but died before it ended. His son John Tyler Jr. then succeeded him until 1849, when he too died. Without dying himself, John Tyler III became the third member of the family to serve as President.
Andrew Johnson's presidency was marked by the Civil War and its aftermath. He was impeached but acquitted by the Senate. In 1866, his successor, Ulysses S. Grant, appointed him governor of Tennessee. Johnson refused the appointment and remained in office for the rest of his life.
Gerald Ford was vice-president under Nixon when he resigned over Watergate scandal. Upon hearing of Nixon's resignation, Ford immediately announced his intention to run for the office of the presidency. But after failing to gain support from party leaders, he withdrew from the race. The Republicans chose California governor Jerry Brown as their nominee instead. Brown lost the election to Democrat Jimmy Carter.
Johnson and Ford are the only two presidents to die in office.
We've had quite a few (18 in all), particularly in recent years. George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Zachary Taylor, Ulysses Grant, Chester Arthur, and others were presidents who never served in Congress (either the House or the Senate).
Some came into office through special elections while others were elected to multiple terms. Some left office before their terms ended, while others died in office. And some may have served in the military outside of government, which is made clear by various sources when they were president.
Here they are in order of election date:
George Washington - President from 1789 until his death in 1799 at age 63. He was the first president.
John Adams - President from 1797 until his death in 1826 at age 85. He was the second president to die in office. Adams is also known for being the first president to be impeached by the House of Representatives.
Thomas Jefferson - President from 1801 until his death in 1826 at age 67.
Zachary Taylor - President from 1850 until his death in 1851 at age 62. He was the fourth president to die in office.
Since George Washington's inauguration in 1789, America has had 43 men serve as President of the United States. Ten of the presidents, however, were in office for less than one full term. Two of the ten served for less than a year each: William Henry Harrison for one month and James A. Garfield for six and a half. The other eight were all elected to a single term but failed to fulfill their term due to death or resignation.
The eight presidents who did not complete their terms included Andrew Johnson, who was murdered before he could be removed from office; Lyndon B. Johnson, who died in office during Bill Clinton's first term; and Gerald R. Ford, who lost his bid for re-election to Jimmy Carter.
The other four men who didn't finish their terms include Thomas Jefferson (he died in office), James Madison (he suffered a stroke while still president and died months later at age 67), John Adams (he resigned after his second term began), and George Washington (he died at age 66).
There have been no presidential deaths during peacetime since Lincoln's assassination in 1865, but there have been two recent cases of former presidents dying while in office. On February 9, 1989, George H. W. Bush was diagnosed with an abdominal tumor. He underwent surgery the next day to remove part of his colon. The procedure went successfully, but Bush developed pneumonia and died at the age of sixty-one on April 24, 2018.
Before being elected president, a few were members of the United States House of Representatives. All five of the first presidents were chosen delegates to the Continental Congress. Two of the delegates later served in the United States Senate before running for president. The other three remained in office for only one or two terms before becoming candidates again.
The first presidential election was held in 1788 between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. It was not an open race as there were no other candidates. The voters had several choices but only two names appeared on the ballot. Thus, they voted for either John Adams or Thomas Jefferson (not necessarily their preferences). The election was too close to call after the first round of voting so a second vote was held where Jefferson emerged the winner by a small margin. He took office on March 4, 1801.
As secretary of state, Jefferson was responsible for appointing federal officials and thus made many decisions during his tenure. He also played a role in drafting the Constitution. In 1800, Jefferson became the first president to be re-elected when he defeated John Adams. His second term would end after eight months due to poor health. He died in 1826.
Adams was the first president from Massachusetts. He had been a leader in the fight for American independence and later served as the first vice president under George Washington.