The Senate of Canada is made up of 105 senators who have been nominated by successive Canadian prime ministers. They used to serve for life, but in 1965, their tenure were reduced to last until their 75th birthday (though the last life-term senator did not retire until 1999).
Since its founding in 1867, the only age limit on membership has been that people had to be 35 years old. However, since 1949, no one under that age has been appointed to the Senate. Since then, all appointments have been above the age of 40.
Currently, the average age of senators is 63 years old. The youngest member of the Senate is Jane Cordier, who was 39 years old when she was first elected in 1980. The oldest member is Jean-Guy Bernier, who was 80 years old when he was first elected in 2000. He is currently the only French-Canadian and the only Quebecer serving on the Senate. The most recent appointment to the Senate was Gurbax Singh Khalsa, who was 66 years old when he was sworn in on April 17, 2014. The next of kin must give his or her consent for the person to be appointed to the Senate.
There have been several attempts over the years to introduce a minimum age requirement for Senate appointment, but they have never succeeded.
The Senate of Canada (French: Senat du Canada) is Canada's upper house of Parliament. The Senate is modeled after the British House of Lords, with 105 members nominated by the governor general on the prime minister's suggestion. Senators serve until the required retirement age of 75 is reached. If a senator dies before they reach that age, then their seat will be filled through appointment by the government on recommendation from the prime minister.
The current prime minister is Justin Trudeau who was elected in 2015. There are also two vacant seats due to former senators having died. These vacancies were filled by the Liberal government in 2018 via appointments by the prime minister.
Canada has had a representative system of government since 1867 when it became the second country after England to establish such a system. A royal commission had been appointed the previous year to study options for improving federal governance, and made several recommendations among which was one to create an upper house called the Senate. The Senate began operation in 1875-76 with seven provinces represented by 50 individuals. Today, every province and territory except Quebec is represented by at least one senator.
A senator can become influential through his or her position as head of a committee or subcommittee, or by voting on important issues before him or her. However, unlike MPs who are always able to vote on matters coming before the House, senators can propose amendments to bills prior to them being voted on by the House.
The Senate has a total of 105 members. Senators are appointed by the Governor General on the Prime Minister's suggestion and serve until the age of 75. The House of Commons serves as a conduit between Canadians and their government. It is made up of MPs who stand for election every few years. In addition, there is also an independent chair who does not stand for election.
There are currently 67 senators in the Canadian Senate. Two senators have been appointed to fill vacancies created by deceased former senators: Elizabeth Marshall (who died in December 1999) and Pierre Elliott Trudeau (who died in January 2000).
Canada's most famous senator may be Joseph Clark, who served from 1958 to 1984. He is best known for his role in establishing universal health care as part of Bill C-27. Other notable senators include Margaret Stewart of Nova Scotia, who was the first female senator; and Grant Mitchell, who was instrumental in bringing peace negotiations between Canada and India back on track after they broke down in 1990.
Canadians elect federal legislators in different ways depending on the size of the district or province. Some provinces have single-member districts while others use proportional representation voting systems. There are 338 electoral districts across the country, with each district electing one member of Parliament (MP).