How were laws made in ancient India?

How were laws made in ancient India?

Answer: In India, conventional practices and religious prescriptions gave way to contemporary, well-codified actions and laws based on a constitution. ( The development of Indian law may be split into four stages: the Vedic period, the Islamic period, the British period, and the post-independence period. During the Vedic period, which extends from 1500 B.C. to 500 A.D., laws are stated in the Brahmanas, treatises written by ancient Indians that deal with all aspects of life. Including rituals, ethics, philosophy, and politics, these works are indications of the widespread acceptance that existed for many years between poets, priests, and rulers.) The main instrument used by the legislators to state laws was the Ardhanarishvara Pratyabhijna, or "contest between Man and Woman principle," which states that the better argument wins. This rule was often used in debates between ministers during the council meetings held by ancient kings. If no winner could be decided, then the issue would be dropped.

The first one is a collection of prayers addressed to the god Vishnu and includes all kinds of questions about life that need to be answered.

What was the legal system like in ancient India?

In India, secular law varies greatly from area to region and from ruler to ruler. Court systems for civil and criminal affairs were significant aspects of many ancient Indian governing dynasties. The main courts were the king's court (sarkaras), local government councils (munsiffs), and tribal assemblies (mahajathas). Judges at these courts were usually high-ranking officials who could be removed by the monarch or their successors. They would then be replaced according to custom or legislation.

The ancient Indus Valley Civilization is known for its large urban centers that contained administrative offices, workshops, and stores. Evidence of writing and counting tools have been found at some of these sites, including Rakhigarhi in Punjab and Mohenjo-daro and Harappa in Pakistan. Writing may have developed independently in several regions of Asia and Europe but it is believed to have been invented by the same person or people. The exact time of invention is unclear but evidence suggests it was before 2000 B.C.

The first rulers in what would become modern-day India are said to have been descendants of Aryan tribes that migrated into the area around 1500 B.C. These tribes established themselves within existing urban centers and created hierarchal governments comprised of priests, warriors, and artists.

What are the sources of the Indian legal system?

The Indian constitution, enactments approved by Parliament of India, statutes, case laws, treaties, and customary law are the primary sources of law. Constitutions and charters are the basic legal concepts that govern the formation of a government and the administration of a country. They provide the framework within which governments can operate. Their importance in creating a free society is such that without them, democracies would not be viable. Countries like India that have constitutions as their founding document achieve a degree of stability unmatched by many other nations.

Parliament passes legislation on all subjects except those reserved for the President. It may amend existing laws, or create new ones. Legislation may be proposed by either the Senate or the House of Representatives, but may only be introduced into Congress as a whole. Once passed by both houses of Parliament it requires the approval of the President to become law. If the President does not approve it, then he or she may issue a veto that can be overridden by a two-thirds vote of each house of Parliament.

Judges are one of the key components in any court system. They are responsible for interpreting and applying the laws to cases that come before the courts. Judges are usually appointed by the president, who can also remove them from office. The Supreme Court is the highest court in India; it has the power to resolve disputes between different states and judicial officers.

What is the origin of Hindu law?

Hindu law, according to Hindus, is of divine origin, having been formed from the Vedas, which are revelations from the Almighty and Austin refers to as God's rules. According to this notion, the law was independent of the state and was obligatory on both the sovereign and his subjects. It regulated marriage and divorce, inheritance, property, and other personal matters.

However, this view was not accepted by all scholars. Some historians have argued that Hindu law is based on custom or precedent, rather than being written down in any set form. They point out that certain laws were established long before they were written down and others were modified over time based on changing circumstances.

For example, the original institution of marriage as an exchange of gifts is mentioned in the Rig Veda, a holy book of the Hindus. This shows that marriage was not seen as a contract but more of an agreement between two families who would give gifts to each other after deciding to marry their children. As time passed, people started writing down these gifts under various names such as danda (punishment), dharma (duty), etc.

Other examples include: the rule that the eldest son should inherit the family business or plot of land; and the practice of accepting slaves as compensation for injury or death.

Where does mercantile law come from in India?

Many countries build their commercial laws on the rules of other countries. In India, for example, commercial law is derived from four basic sources: Prior to the adoption of the country's current laws, commercial practices were controlled by religion law, notably Hindu and Mohammedan law. These laws were primarily concerned with issues such as contracts, property, and business ethics rather than trade regulations.

In 1813, Lord Macaulay introduced a bill into the British Parliament that would have abolished Indian commerce altogether. The bill passed but was never implemented because it was found to be unworkable. Instead, Britain adopted a policy of "indirect rule" over its Indian colonies, which means that they had self-governing institutions but they could not make laws that contradicted British law or policy. For example, Indians could establish universities but they could not award degrees without permission from London.

In 1957, India became a republic and inherited this system of indirect rule. However, it did grant itself limited autonomy by allowing its provinces to pass their own laws regarding business practices. For example, Punjab passed an act in 1972 that allowed merchants there to choose between applying Islamic law or local law in their transactions with customers. By choosing Islamic law, the merchant could not only sell products but also provide services like marriage ceremonies without restriction. However, if he chose local law, he could limit his activities to sales only.

About Article Author

Nicky Marguez

Nicky Marguez is a passionate and opinionated young man. He has a degree in journalism from California Polytechnic State University, but he's not afraid to get his hands dirty to get the story. Nicky loves to travel and experience new cultures.

Disclaimer

OnlySlightlyBiased.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

Related posts