A female bovine that is less than 1 to 2 years old and has never calved (frequently immature, but past the "calf" stage). Beef cattle, or cattle produced for human consumption, are examples of cattle terminology not covered above. A heifer may or may not produce milk after becoming a cow; if she does not, then she is called a bullock or a steiff.
In simple terms, a heifer is a female animal that has had her first calf and is growing up, while a cow is a female animal that has had calves before. There are several different types of cattle including: beef cows, dairy cows, buffalo, yak, zebu, and water buffalo. A male cattle is called a bull and a female cattle is called a cow. Within these categories there are many different breeds of cattle such as Angus, Ayrshire, Brahman, Brown Swiss, Charolais, Chianina, Compton, Devon, Holstein-Friesian, Jersey, Nellore, Norwegian Red, Pinzgauer, Piedmontese, Shorthorn, and Yankton.
Heifers and cows can be separated into two groups based on their reproductive status: non-breeding females and breeding females.
Heifer. From the time she is born until she has her first calf, a heifer is a female bovine. Then she becomes a cow. When a heifer becomes pregnant (usually shortly after turning one year old), she is referred to as a first-calf heifer. First-calf calving refers to the fact that she will be expected to produce her own calf rather than being bred by a bull.
A pregnant cow produces a fetus in her stomach. This is known as "bumping into things." When you bump into something, it means that you are carrying something heavy. In this case, it is the fetus. A cow's belly will usually go up about two inches when she is expecting to carry a calf. You can tell if a cow is expecting by looking at her navel; if it is swollen, she is carrying a calf.
A heifer will start making milk when she is about six months old. A cow will start producing milk when she is nine to twelve months old. However, most cows will continue to produce even after they stop giving birth. They will just begin producing less often.
The process of bringing new life into the world is called "giving birth." The female animal that carries and delivers babies is called a "cow." When there is more than one calf born at a time, they are called a "bucking herd."
A heifer is a young cow that is more than a year old but has not calved, whereas a heiferette is a female bovine that is more than six months old but less than two years old and has produced no more than one calf. A male bovine that is at least two years old may be referred to as a bull or a stag. All cows are female, but not all females are cows. For example, horses are female cows. In general, anything that produces milk used for drinking or cooking is called milk; anything used in industry is called cream. Dairy products include milk, ice cream, cheese, and yogurt.
Heifers are usually smaller than bulls and have less developed mammary glands. They tend to be slower growing too. Although heifers can produce milk for up to 10 years, most are slaughtered before this time because they don't meet market standards. A very few people keep heifers as pets.
Cows are defined as female animals that produce milk used for human consumption. Cattle are a sub-class of cows that includes pigs. Pigs do not produce milk but instead produce colostrum - first milk produced by mammals after giving birth. Colostrum has different nutrients in it compared to mature milk. The immune system in humans is similar to that in other mammals so there is no specific need for humans to drink any particular type of milk.
A heifer is a female who has had no children. The phrase normally refers to young females; nevertheless, after giving birth to her first calf, a heifer transforms into a cow. This term is used in English as well as in French and Latin.
Heifers are usually born on farmlands with plenty of grasses and clovers to eat after their eyes open. They usually arrive at their new home before Christmas dressed in white sheets with their heads covered in black bags. After weaning, the heifers are put in groups with other cows of a similar age so they can have babies that will help keep the herd strong. When there are more calves than cows, the younger ones are sold for meat while the older ones are taken to market to be bought by farmers who specialize in breeding cattle.
Heifers are important because they can produce a lot of milk after they give birth to their first calf. In fact, they can go through their whole life without having children if they aren't given any chance to reproduce. Sometimes heifers are kept isolated from males so they won't feel compelled to breed even though they're still young. There are many reasons why farmers choose heifers instead of cows but mainly it's because they are cheaper to buy then cows that can produce milk all their lives.