A suffragette was a member of an active women's movement in the early twentieth century that battled for the right to vote in public elections under the banner "Votes for Women." The movement began in England but later spread to other countries including America, Australia and India.
Suffrage activists used many different methods to gain support for their cause, including campaigning for votes for women, organizing demonstrations, writing letters to the editor, and even setting fire to property. The violence they caused is what has come to be known as the "Terror of the Suffragettes." Men were not allowed to vote so they would not be able to influence the election results; therefore, suffragettes felt it was necessary to act aggressively toward them to show how important voting rights are for women.
They also campaigned against certain practices that they believed discriminated against women. For example, they demanded equal pay for equal work, better childcare facilities, and an end to wife abuse. They also fought for women's right to conduct their own medical tests by calling for blood to be banned as evidence in divorce proceedings (since men could be forced to marry against their will), and they initiated the first-ever campaign to raise money for breast cancer research.
The National Woman Suffrage Association was an organization that advocated for women's ability to vote in the United States (U.S.). Some see it as one of the most prominent women's political groups in American history. It was founded in Chicago on January 10, 1881, by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. The two were joined by other activists who shared their belief in female equality through the use of nonviolent protest.
They began with the aim of achieving the right of women to vote but were soon involved in many other issues related to women's rights. The association published a magazine called The Revolution from 1883 to 1890 that covered topics such as women's rights, civil rights, economic justice, and international peace. In 1890 the association disbanded, but its goals have been maintained by other organizations since then.
There are several reasons why women were not granted the right to vote in the United States until 1920. One reason is that there were not enough votes to matter without men's support. Another reason is that the majority of voters believed that women should not be allowed to vote because it was inappropriate for them to make such a decision themselves. A third reason is that many men did not want women to have the right to vote because they thought it would lead to equal power between the sexes which would remove any need for them to protect women from abuse or violence.
The Suffrage Movement, in particular, refers to the seventy-two-year-long struggle for a woman's right to vote in the United States. The movement, which was founded on the abolition of slavery, promoted civic activity among newly enfranchised women through groups such as the League of Women Voters and the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Although they achieved success in several states, including Illinois, Indiana, and Wyoming, they failed to achieve national ratification of their cause until 1920 when the Nineteenth Amendment was passed.
– From Wikipedia
She was born into a wealthy family in Quincy, Massachusetts, where her father owned a large estate worth $750,000 ($7 million in today's dollars). Her mother was Mary Lathrop Smith, one of the first female lawyers in America. Her parents divorced when she was eight years old and she lived with her mother who later married Charles A. Lindbergh, the famous aviator. Elizabeth grew up in luxury and was educated at home by private tutors before entering Harvard University at age 17. She earned degrees from both Harvard and Radcliffe College before going on to study law at Columbia University. In 1872, she became the first woman admitted to the New York Bar. Two years later, she began a practice in Boston which lasted until her death in 1958.
Elizabeth Smith Dorrance was an important figure in the development of American feminism. She helped to organize the first national conference of feminist writers and activists in 1873 and served as its secretary.