The cabinet and the council of ministers are both required constitutional governing structures. These officials contribute to policy and decision-making. The main function of both of these groups is to advise the President and Prime Minister on various national issues. However, only the cabinet can make binding decisions.
In Canada, federal governments are composed of ministers who lead their departments, as well as senior advisers called presidents or secretaries. The prime minister selects these individuals to help him or her run the government. In addition, each province also has a chief officer whose role is similar to that of a minister in the federal government. They are usually elected officials like members of parliament (MPs) or executive directors (EDs).
In most parliamentary systems, the head of state is not involved in day-to-day affairs but plays an important role in appointing and removing ministers and other government officials. They may also have some influence over legislation through veto power. Their role is mostly symbolic; they do not make decisions themselves but provide a link between the government and the people. Some monarchies appoint individuals to various positions within the government department as ministers.
Ministers are responsible for running their departments and report directly to the Prime Minister or President. They may have their own staff and offices.
Furthermore, the Prime Minister and the Minister of Finance must be members of the House of Assembly. The Cabinet's tasks include ultimate policy determination, control of government activities, and coordination of government Ministries and Departments. It is composed of the Prime Minister and other ministers, who are directly appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Queen-in-Council. They are responsible to Parliament which can remove them from office via impeachment.
In addition to these roles, under section 3(1) of the Constitution Act, 1867, the Governor General may also appoint additional officers who do not hold ministerial offices but who assist the Prime Minister in the performance of his duties. These include the Chief of Staff, who is required by law to be a retired officer of the armed forces; and other staff members as necessary.
The last clause of this section leaves the matter of permanent appointment to the discretion of the Governor General. However, since 1949, all former Prime Ministers have been given an official title when appointed by the Governor General. The only exception is William MacLagan, who was appointed by King George IV but never received an official title.
The council of ministers is a group of ministers who hold ministries in a certain government and are chaired by the Prime Minister. These ministers are nominated by the President on the Prime Minister's proposal and execute executive tasks. The council of ministers acts as a policymaking body within the government structure.
In India, the council of ministers is its most important organ. It recommends policies in all fields including defense, internal security, foreign affairs, agriculture, commerce, industry, social justice, law and order. The council of ministers also has the power to approve or reject legislative proposals put forward by parliament. However, executive powers such as the power to make appointments or issue orders cannot be approved by parliament; instead they must be executed by the relevant minister.
How does the council of ministers work? When required, the Prime Minister invites individuals to become members of the council. If the person accepts, then he/she is appointed to the council. Generally, members are selected from different parts of the country to ensure that no single region or section of the society dominates the council. Members usually serve for about a year before being reappointed or replaced by other members of the council or by others if the position becomes vacant.
Who are the members of the council of ministers? The council of ministers consists of several ministers who are responsible for running their departments.