Avocados, as you are surely aware, are "iffy" in the Las Vegas climate—perhaps a touch worse than citrus in terms of surviving winter cold. It all depends on the type of avocado you're cultivating. As a result, place the container in a sheltered location away from excessive cold throughout the harshest months of the upcoming winter. During these months, water regularly and apply a high-nitrogen fertilizer once or twice during the growing season.
Once the weather starts warming up, your avocado tree will start producing fruit again. This is usually around October in Nevada. The fruits will continue to ripen off the tree until they fall to the ground. When they do, harvest them immediately before they break open so you can eat the delicious pulp inside!
If you want to grow avocados for food instead, learn about our favorite types of trees here. For more general gardening information, see our article on how to grow tomatoes in Las Vegas.
Avocados cannot withstand extreme cold, thus they must be cultivated as houseplants or in a greenhouse in cool locations. You might try growing your avocado plant outside if you have a covered garden in a moderate climate. Or, at the very least, move it outside for the summer. It will not like the heat of southern states, but it can survive in less-than-perfect conditions if the temperature stays below 85 degrees F.
Also, make sure that your avocado tree has adequate sunlight. If it is planted in partial shade, then add some light bulbs or grow it in full sun.
Finally, keep the soil moist but not wet. Avocado trees like their roots to dry out occasionally and also need to drink water regularly during the drought season (so don't leave any stone bottles around the house for them to drink from). You can improve the soil by adding some good quality compost or mulch. This will help it absorb more moisture and provide some nutrients too.
These are just a few tips to get you started. There are many more things you should know before attempting to grow an avocado tree from seed. A professional gardener would be able to provide you with better information about how to care for an avocado tree. Contact a local nursery or gardening store for more advice.
Avocados are tropical plants that can withstand very little cold. You can plant your sprouted seed or a nursery-grown tree outside if you reside in a climate where temperatures seldom dip below freezing, such as the southernmost sections of Florida, Texas, Arizona, or California. If you live in an area that gets cold at night, then you should buy a protection coat for your tree.
Avocados grow best in well-drained soil with a high acid level (not neutral). Use compost and yard waste when planting your tree to help improve its health and provide nutrients. The more organic materials you add, the better since this will reduce the amount of pesticides that would be used on an otherwise organically grown tree.
When planting your avocado tree make sure to give it at least 5 feet of space per branch so that it has room to grow. Avocado trees typically produce fruit within five years but can take up to twenty years before they start producing viable seeds. During these early years, the tree will need support so that it does not develop strong limbs which could cause damage if it tries to cross over another tree or power line.
Once your tree starts producing fruit, you will need to provide some form of support until it reaches maturity.
Avocados can only be grown in tropical or Mediterranean regions, and occasionally in more moderate climes such as California. They do not do well in cold weather.
In the Mediterranean, avocados are usually grown on trees but they can also be cultivated as a perennial herbaceous plant. In fact, some ancient cultures did grow them this way!
The tree produces fruit throughout its life, with the largest coming from the oldest plants. For this reason, it makes sense to select healthy-looking trees when you buy them. You should also choose trees that are about the same size so they will produce equal amounts of fruit throughout their lives.
Sometimes birds eat the fruits before they have matured, so if you want to avoid this problem then put netting over your trees or attach bird spikes to them. This will protect them from harm while allowing wildlife to access nutrients inside the fruit.
Once mature, an avocado will drop its skin, which contains most of the edible portion of the fruit, and lie dormant until next year's crop comes around. This is why you should choose healthy-looking trees because unhealthy ones will not produce fruit for many years.
Avocado wood is hard and heavy and very similar to pine wood.