The right to personal and private property has actually matured, becoming a requirement in modern social life. The right to private property is not an absolute right since it is conditioned by two factors: (1) our own needs and (2) the community's larger requirements. Our own needs include such things as food, clothing, and shelter. The community's needs include things like roads and public facilities that we need for ourselves. The two categories of needs are distinct from each other since people need food even while they are sleeping, whereas roads and public facilities are only needed by people when they are awake.
People need roads and public facilities because of their interest in moving about and seeing others, which are both served by good roads and public transportation. Public services are needed by everyone, but people's needs for them vary depending on how much they use them. A person who does not drive a car cannot go down his or her street at night to check on their neighbors' security lights, for example, even though this would be desirable if they lived somewhere without sidewalks or crosswalks.
People have a natural inclination toward self-interest, which results in some degree of competition between them. This tendency can be seen in the way individuals and groups try to promote themselves by advertising their products through television, magazines, and billboards. It can also be seen in the way companies compete with one another for customers' business by offering low prices or better services.
The two main theses of "The Natural Right of Property" are: I that people have an original, non-acquired right to make extra-personal material their own (or to exercise discretionary control over what they have made their own); and (ii) that this right can and does take the form of a property right.
This view was popular in Europe from the 12th century onward. Its origins can be found in biblical texts such as Genesis 1:31 ("God gave man authority over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and he given him dominion over all the earth") and Psalm 49:13 ("Can I lift up my eyes to the hills? Or who can bring me relief? My help comes from God").
The idea that rights are natural rights has been criticized for implying that only humans have rights and not, for example, animals. However, this criticism fails to understand that while human beings are unique in having rights, everything else in nature also has rights. For example, animals have rights to live free from pain and harm, and trees have rights to breathe clean air. These rights apply to animals and trees because they are subjects of a right holder - i.e., someone who has rights - which means that they can exercise these rights.
Furthermore, because only humans have rights, it would follow that only humans can violate rights or give them up.
This right also requires the government to take necessary and reasonable efforts to protect property, such as in the case of a natural disaster, but only to the amount that is appropriate in the circumstances. When the government's actions or omissions cause harm to property, there may be a claim for damages or recovery of property lost or stolen due to negligence by government employees.
The Constitution provides for some protections of property rights. It prohibits any person from taking private property for public use without just compensation. The Fifth Amendment applies to the federal government through the Takings Clause of the Fifth Amendment. The Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment protects against state action with similar language.
In addition, the Eighth Amendment's prohibition on "cruel and unusual punishments" includes a guarantee of fair treatment when one's property is seized by the government. This amendment was originally proposed to prevent the government from using torture as punishment, but it has been interpreted to include other abusive practices such as slavery, involuntary servitude, and denial of access to the courts.
Finally, the First Amendment guarantees citizens' rights to protest on their own property without interference from the government. This amendment was included to ensure that individuals could express themselves without fear of reprisal from government officials who might disagree with them.