Princess Elizabeth ascended to the throne as Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on February 6, 1952. She became the longest-reigning English queen in history on September 9, 2015. Her current lifetime expectancy is thought to be longer than that of her father King George VI or her grandfather King George V, who both died in bed at age 56.
If she dies before her time, it will be because she was killed.
The official line from the Palace is that there are no plans to replace her and that no monarch has ever been elected in Britain. But the fact is that nobody knows what would happen if she died without an heir. The British monarchy is not like those in some other countries where the office of president or king can be passed down through bloodlines. Instead, the institution of royalty is one that must be maintained by marriage or otherwise by choosing a suitable candidate from among its members.
Queen Elizabeth II has not married nor had any children with her husband Prince Philip. The next in line to the throne after Elizabeth's death would be her second cousin Prince Charles, but he too has refused to marry or have children. So the throne would pass to another member of the royal family.
Elizabeth II, the reigning monarch. On September 9, 2015, Queen Elizabeth II became the longest-reigning British monarch, having previously surpassed her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria to become the longest-lived British queen in 2007. The latest official statistics from 2016 show that she has now passed this mark again.
She is also believed to be the world's longest-serving monarch. Her current position as monarch was not determined until after her death; it's estimated that she will be crowned for the third time in 2019. However, previous estimates had placed the reign of Elizabeth II ahead of Victoria.
The longest-lived person who has been born within the scope of these records is Jeanne Louise Calment. The French woman died at the age of 122 years and 164 days. According to the Gerontology Research Group at the University of California, Los Angeles, she lived so long because of her strict diet and daily exercise regimen. She reported that she drank only water and wine, ate mostly meat and cheese, and never smoked or used alcohol.
In fact, according to some reports, Calment refused to eat any fruit not grown in France. She said that she wanted to live for more than 100 years and so he should not waste energy on food that would not grow outside of France.
65 years old Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is the country's longest-reigning queen. Her Sapphire Jubilee marked her 65th year on the throne in February 2017. She was crowned at Westminster Abbey on April 20, 1953, the third anniversary of King George VI's death. The official website of the British monarchy reports that she has delivered more than 700 speeches and presentations.
She inherited the throne when she was 25 years old, after the sudden death of her father, King George VI. Since then, she has led one of the most popular countries in the world with a strong economy. Before becoming queen, Elizabeth, then Princess Elizabeth, studied at several European royal residences and completed high school at St. Andrews University, Scotland. She returned to Britain to take over the throne from her uncle, King Edward VIII. He abdicated in order to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson, but he died before they could marry. Thus, Elizabeth became the first female monarch in the history of the British Empire.
As queen, she has played an important role in leading Britain into modern times by opening up its institutions to women, minorities, and other groups who were previously excluded. She has demonstrated leadership skills that have won her friends around the world. In 2007, she became the first British monarch to visit each province in Canada.
Queen Elizabeth II Elizabeth II has been Queen of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth since 1952, making her the longest-serving British monarch in history. The previous record holder was his mother Queen Victoria, who ruled from 1837 to 1901, when she was succeeded by her son King Edward VII.
Elizabeth II's official reign began on February 2, 1952, at 6:00 a.m., when her father King George VI died suddenly after only six months on the throne. She was eighteen years old at the time of her accession and had already been working in government ministries for more than ten years.
She has been head of the Church of England since February 26, 1960, when her father King George VI appointed her Archbishop of Canterbury. Until then, her role had been largely ceremonial.
Elizabeth II has held many other titles during her lifetime, including those of Princess of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, and Lady of the Isles. As queen, she has used her royal prerogative to create hundreds of titles for herself and others.
She has visited almost every country in the world, except Iran, Iraq, and Sudan. Her most recent visit was in September 2016.
According to Royal Central, Queen Elizabeth I was England's first Queen Elizabeth. She was once the longest-reigning queen of England, reigning for 44 years from 1558 and 1603. As the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn, Queen Elizabeth I was born a princess. Her father had no living children when he married his third wife, Catherine Howard, who was executed during Queen Elizabeth I's reign.
After her death in 1603, King James VI of Scotland became King James I of England. He ruled as such for four years before his own death in 1625. The English throne then passed to Prince Charles, the son of King James I. He also ruled as Charles I and was later executed by Parliament during the English Civil War.
In 1958, it was determined that the monarchy had become dysfunctional under King Charles I. As a result, he was declared unfit to rule and his subjects were given the right to elect their new leader. The voters chose the future King Edward VII over the Duke of Gloucester, who was made regent until Edward came of age.
Thus, England has had only two queens: Elizabeth I and II. Both were daughters of monarchs and so could not claim ancestry through males alone. This means that they were both female-line descendants of Edward III and Richard II. However, only Elizabeth II is alive today.
In 2015, the monarch became the longest-reigning British monarch in history, surpassing her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, who reigned for 63 years and 216 days. The new record was cemented when Prince Charles married Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005; she is the daughter of Alfred Dyson, the inventor of the vacuum cleaner. The wedding took place after the end of the queen's second childlessness gap - she had no children to marry or even wed until then.
The queen has also surpassed Queen Victoria as the world's longest-serving monarch. She was officially crowned on February 11, 1953 at Westminster Abbey. The ceremony was conducted by Archbishop of Canterbury Winston Churchill, who had been elected king himself a few months before. It is estimated that by the time she dies, the queen will have spent nearly half of her reign on the throne.
The queen has been on the throne for so long because there has never been any clear heir to the throne. When the queen's father King George VI died in 1952, she was only two years old. So, the crown passed to her uncle, King Edward VIII, but he abdicated to marry another woman. This left the monarchy without an active ruler, so the parliament created the position of prime minister.