Christianity is a major international religion based on Jesus' life, teachings, and death. Roman Catholicism is the largest of the three main Christian denominations. As a result, while all Roman Catholics are Christians, not all Christians are Roman Catholic. The other main branches are Orthodox Christianity and Protestantism.
Catholicism began in the 1st century with the life of Jesus Christ. After his death and resurrection, he appointed twelve disciples to be his "12 Apostles" who then went out into the world and preached the message about Jesus. Because these apostles were believed to have powers like that of Moses, they became known as the "Apostolic Fathers." Over time many more people were added to the list of apostles, so by the 3rd century there were already twenty-one names on the list. Today, the Catholic Church considers each person on this list to be an apostle.
After the death and resurrection of Jesus, his followers spread across the world establishing small communities called "churches". These early churches followed the practices of Christianity for several hundred years until Rome was able to unite them under her rule. By the 5th century A.D., most of Europe was converted back to Christianity from being pagan, and the church had become powerful enough to control the government through political marriage arrangements known as "patronage".
Roman Catholicism is the Christian church that has been the decisive spiritual force in the history of Western civilization. Along with Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism, it is one of the three major branches of Christianity. The other two are Oriental Orthodoxy and Anglicanism.
As one of the largest religions in the world, with over 1 billion followers or more, it has had a profound impact on society for many years. Its influence can be seen in many aspects of life, including politics and economics.
Catholic churches are called patriarchal because their head is called the pope, who holds this title directly from Christ. The pope is considered to be the successor of Peter, the first bishop of Rome, as well as of every other bishop in the world. As such, he has the power to declare other bishops "illegitimate" and without authority over their flocks.
The word "Catholic" is used by the Church to describe believers who follow the teachings of the Catholic Church. Therefore, all Christians should be Catholics if they live up to the beliefs of the Church. However, not all Catholics follow all the teachings of the Church. Many of them do not believe in religious liberty or some other important aspect of Catholic faith and practice.
There are many different types of churches within the Catholic tradition.
Thus, Roman Catholicism is categorized as Christian in the technical sense of religious classification. While the Roman Catholic Church claims to be the only "real" church and dates back to the time of Jesus and the apostles, not all of its ideas are biblically legitimate. Being a follower of Jesus Christ or being...faithful to him is most important. Using your own reason and judgment to decide what actions to take each day will get you closer to heaven.
The Bible is clear that there is only one way to heaven. It's through faith in Jesus Christ, not through good works or any kind of ritual activity. However, Catholics believe that by following certain rituals and acts they can make sure that their dead will have a better life after death.
Jesus said in Matthew 7:13 that we should not call anyone "father" other than God himself. Therefore, there is no such thing as fatherhood beyond what God has given us. Being a good person who leads a moral life will help others, but only God can save us. He has provided a way for us to be forgiven of our sins and come into his family. Through faith in Jesus, we can have a relationship with him and enjoy the blessings he has for us forever.
With roughly 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2019, the Catholic Church, often known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the biggest Christian church. ...
|Founder||Jesus, according to sacred tradition|
|Origin||1st century Holy Land, Roman Empire|
|Members||1.345 billion (2019)|
Catholics consider the Catholic Church to be the first and original Christian church. Protestants adhere to Jesus Christ's teachings as recorded in the Old and New Testaments. The Trinity is made up of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Protestants believe in a single God, who has revealed himself as the Trinity.
The key distinction between Roman Catholics and Catholics is that Roman Catholics are the majority Christian denomination, whilst Catholics are a minor subset of the Christian community known as "Greek Orthodox." It is thought that when Christianity first began, there was just one church to which everyone adhered. As time passed, various theological differences arose between these followers of Christ. The most important division occurred in A.D. 1054 when Pope Leo IX issued the Decree of Unia. This decree established that Roman Catholics and Greek Orthodox Christians should unite into one body called the Catholic Church.
Although both groups share many beliefs, they also have different ideas on certain matters such as the nature of God, the purpose of life, and the role of religion in society. In addition, Roman Catholics consider themselves to be the only true believers while Greeks Orthodox regard themselves as a separate group with their own hierarchies and churches.
There are about 1.1 billion Roman Catholics worldwide and about 15-20 million Catholics in the United States. About 85% of all Roman Catholics live in five countries: Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, India, and Poland.
Roman Catholicism has been the main form of Christianity for most of the world since the 16th century. However, it should not be confused with the Roman Empire or Rome itself.
With roughly 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2019, the Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the biggest Christian church and religious group. ...
|St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City|
Catholics, like other Christians, believe in the divinity of Jesus Christ, God's begotten son who came to earth to atone for humanity's sins via his death and resurrection. They adhere to His teachings as outlined in the New Testament and put their faith in God's promise of eternal life with Him.
In addition to believing that Jesus is divine, Catholics also believe that He was born of a woman (Mary), lived a perfect human life, died on the cross for our sins, was resurrected on Easter Sunday and now sits at the right hand of the Father interceding for us. His body is contained within a small wooden box called the Holy Shroud of Turin which bears all the signs of having been used by clergy to wipe away their tears during worship services. This holy object is kept in a chapel at the center of Rome.
During Jesus' trial before Caesar Pilate, he asked him if he were the king of the Jews. "Yes," replied Jesus, "and you are therefore to say 'My kingdom is not of this world'. If my kingdom were of this world, then my followers would be able to force them to say 'Good morning' instead of 'Good night'."
After Jesus died by crucifixion, his body was taken down from the cross and placed in a tomb cut out of solid rock located in a garden near Jerusalem.