More information can be found in the following Britannica articles: People whose personal name for God is YHWH (usually written as "Yahweh"), those in... who become devotees of Yahweh will be favored by him, and to demonstrate God's providence in...
Yahweh, the Hebrew name for God, is the biblical pronunciation of "YHWH," the Hebrew name given to Moses in the book of Exodus. Because of two factors: after the Babylonian Exile (6th century bce), and especially in the 3rd century bce, Jews stopped using the name Yahweh. Instead, they began referring to him as either Adonai ("Lord") or Elohim ("God").
In Judaism, there are many beliefs about what God is like. However, one thing most people agree on is that he is infinite and perfect.
People also generally agree that God has revealed himself through his creation. In addition, some people believe that God has spoken with humans throughout history via prophets. Finally, some people think that God has been present in certain places and times of importance to humanity.
According to the Torah (the first five books of the Bible), God has chosen Israel to be his special nation. Thus, Judaism believes that only people who are not Jewish can go to heaven when they die.
Israel was a country located in southern Syria and northern Jordan. It was founded in 1948 by former British citizens who were interested in creating a new country after the Holocaust. Today, Israel is a parliamentary democracy with an economy that is primarily based on services and agriculture. It has been estimated that it takes in $8 billion dollars of foreign currency each year.
The tetragrammaton is the name YHWH, which is made up of the consonants Yod, Heh, Waw, and Heh. In modern Israel, it is customary for Jews to refer to God as "HaShem" (the Name).
Hebrew was the language of Judaism from its beginnings through the Babylonian Exile until the rise of Modern Hebrew in the 19th century. At that time, most Jewish scholars and teachers believed that the Torah could not be transmitted orally, so they began to write it down. As a result, today's Jews have two different languages they call "Jewish": the ancient Hebrew used by the prophets and sages and the modern language used by everyone else.
Hebrew is an independent language related to other Canaanite languages such as Arabic and Aramaic. It is also related to Phoenician, Judean Dialect Greek, and Egyptian. During the Persian period, there were many books written in both Hebrew and Aramaic. Today, these writings are called "Peshitta" after their translator, who lived in Mesopotamia.
Hebrew has many similarities with Arabic but also contains differences that prevent them from being considered identical languages.
Yahweh is the name of the ancient Kingdom of Israel and, subsequently, the Kingdom of Judah's state god. His name is made up of four Hebrew consonants (YHWH, also known as the Tetragrammaton), which are supposed to have been revealed to his people by the prophet Moses. In English, these letters are sometimes represented by YHWQ. However, this practice is not widely accepted among Jews today. Instead, they write out the full name of Yahweh.
As for the other gods mentioned throughout the Old Testament, there were many nations on the face of the earth at that time who had their own gods. The Israelites would have been expected to avoid any behavior that might have brought them into conflict with other nations, especially warring ones like Canaanite culture was known for. So, it isn't surprising that they too had a king over one of their cities named after their own god. There are two main theories about what role if any this city god may have played in the life of Israel. Some scholars believe he was only a local deity while others think he was more important than that. Either way, he wasn't considered equal to Yahweh by most Jews until the time of Jesus Christ.
In conclusion, Yahweh is the official name of the kingdom of Israel's state god while other names such as "Elohim," "Adonai," and "Jehovah" are used as well.