Hieronymus Bosch, who was born about 1450 in's-Hertogenbosch, in the duchy of Brabant (now the Netherlands), is one of the art world's great enigmas. Bosch, a devout Catholic, joined the Brotherhood of Our Lady, a local religious institution dedicated to the Virgin Mary, in 1486. The Brotherhood of Our Lady had branches throughout Europe and America. It demanded a rigorous standard of artistic talent and encouraged its members to paint sacred subjects from Church doctrine.
Bosch's work displays an intensity and visionary power that no other painter of his time or since. He painted over 300 works in his lifetime, most of which are portraits and religious compositions. Although he was a skilled painter who worked in a variety opinions techniques, he is best known for his vivid paintings with imaginative figures. His work has been called "the supreme example of Renaissance magic realism".
Bosch used his imagination to create images that were unprecedented at the time. He combined real people, animals, and objects from nature in new ways to tell stories from God's creation. For example, in his painting The Garden of Earthly Delights, souls are sent on a quest for happiness while avoiding temptation along the way. They meet various characters who guide them along the way until they arrive at their destination. This story can be read as a moral lesson about the effects of sin and guilt on human beings.
Bosch used his knowledge of anatomy to portray his subjects with realism.
W. Marshall did the line engraving. V0002761 Wellcome Hildegard of Bingen OSB (German: Hildegard von Bingen; Latin: Hildegardis Bingensis; 1098–17 September 1179), often known as the Sibyl of the Rhine, was a German Benedictine abbess, writer, musician, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath. She is regarded as one of the most important figures in early medieval Europe.
Hildegard's life spanned the era from the end of the eleventh century to the beginning of the thirteenth century. She was born into a noble family that had settled in Bingen in the Holy Roman Empire, then part of Germany. At an early age, she decided to become a nun. She entered the convent of Disibodenberg near Worms where she remained for eight years. During this time, she received some training in theology and philosophy. In 1107, Hildegard returned to Bingen where she began to work with her fellow nuns on projects such as music, poetry, and art. She also taught classes on theology and science to local students while working on more complex philosophical works that have never been found. In 1115, Hildegard became the first woman to be made abbess of a German monastery when she took over the leadership of Disibodenberg. Under her guidance, the community built schools and hospitals for sick and poor people. They also produced books, songs, and instruments for worship during church services.
Desiderius Erasmus was a humanist. Desiderius Erasmus (1466/9), the renowned Dutch humanist, was born in Holland. In 1492, he was ordained as a priest and studied theology in Paris. He earned his doctorate at Turin (1506) and spent much of his time traveling around Europe. He died in 1536 in Rotterdam.
Erasmus is best known for his work "The Praise of Folly," which ridicules religious dogma and calls for tolerance toward others who believe differently than we do.
He was a leading voice in the Protestant Reformation in Europe and is regarded as one of the most important philosophers and theologians in European history.
In addition to being ordained a priest, another famous Desiderius is also called Erasmus -- a fictional character created by novelist George Bernard Shaw. The original Erasmus was a brilliant but arrogant scholar who lived in medieval Europe. He has been described as the first modern man because he challenged conventional thinking on many topics including religion, warfare, and education.
Shaw's Erasmus is a comic book version of this scholar who makes fun things up as he goes along; for example, he claims that Jesus Christ never existed. This fictional character has been used in many ways as a tool for criticizing religion and traditional ideas about life after death.
Helloiiyorniimues obs/ruupaebb Hieronymus Bosch (1668–1704) was an early Dutch artist who committed his life to creating works that deviated from traditional Flemish painting. His work employed vivid imagery to portray moral and religious ideals and stories, and the frightening realism of his panel drawings set him apart from his contemporaries. Bosch has been called the "prince of painters" for his mastery of technique and innovation of style.
Bosch used watercolor on oak panels with a fine grain stone ground in his workshop to produce images that are unusually large for their time. He also made use of thin strips of wood with holes drilled in them, which were attached to the panel with pins or nails. This allowed him to move the figures around without damaging the painting.
Bosch was born in Siegen, Germany's second largest city after Hamburg. He was the third child of a wealthy brewer and wine merchant. From an early age, he showed an interest in art and earned money by copying paintings in local churches. In 1690, at the age of twenty-one, he moved to Antwerp to work as a painter for two years. During this time, he absorbed the styles of Rubens and Van Dyck and developed his own original approach to painting.
In 1702, Bosch returned to Siegen where he died four years later at the age of thirty-two.
Claire's Other Stories The life and work of Dutch artist Hieronymus Bosch, to whose 20 works have been conclusively identified, have long enthralled audiences worldwide. Bosch painted extensively throughout his career, producing about 7,000 drawings and over 17,500 oil and watercolor paintings.
He was born in 1450 into a wealthy family in the Flemish town of Stoonhoven. His father was a notary public (a government official who administers justice and acts as an attorney for individuals or groups). His mother died when he was nine years old. He had two sisters; one became a nun and the other married well into adulthood.
Bosch received some education from humanists who came from Italy to teach at the university in Leuwen (Luebeck today), but he quit school after completing his apprenticeship as a painter of religious images around 1520. He traveled to Spain where he worked as a cook and served Henry VIII during his visit to the Netherlands in 1527. Upon returning home, he set up a studio in Leuwen and spent the next twenty years painting religious subjects that reflected his own views on morality.
His art is famous for its vivid colors and imaginative imagery, which include scenes from classical mythology, biblical stories, and allegories.