Reconstruction was a success. Authority granted by the 14th and 15th Amendments. In the twentieth century, amendments were enacted that benefited African Americans in gaining full civil rights. Despite the ground lost as a result of Reconstruction, African Americans were able to carve out a measure of freedom within Southern culture.
Explain. In this sense, Reconstruction was a success because it restored the United States as a unified nation; by 1877, all of the former Confederate states had drafted new constitutions, recognized the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, and pledged their loyalty to the United States government.
Now, however, many historians believe that this view of Reconstruction is too simplistic. First, while most Southerners did accept the Thirteenth Amendment, they refused to accept any other part of Reconstruction. Second, many white Southern Democrats who did not leave the party expressed their disagreement with some of the policies of Reconstruction by voting for various constitutional officers or by joining forces with conservative Republicans to defeat liberal candidates.
Finally, African Americans played an important role in the Reconstruction Era. After the Civil War, black soldiers were denied citizenship rights. However, through organizing efforts and court cases such as the 1883 case of Barron v. Baltimore, they were able to secure some rights. Additionally, after the war, many blacks moved to northern cities such as Chicago, Detroit, and Philadelphia where they could find better job opportunities.
Overall, then, it can be said that the Reconstruction period was a success because it restored the country as a whole rather than just southern Virginia.
Reconstruction was a mixed bag for Southerners. On the plus side, African Americans gained privileges and freedoms they had never enjoyed before. They had the right to vote, own property, acquire an education, legally marry and sign contracts, bring lawsuits, and even run for political office. The Reconstruction Act also provided for a constitutional convention in South Carolina, which met in 1868 and drafted a new state constitution that gave blacks many rights not granted under the original charter from 1788. However, President Andrew Johnson vetoed the bill, and when Congress overrode his veto, he left Washington to become editor of a newspaper in Tennessee.
In addition to these benefits for black Southerners, reconstruction also brought hardship for white people. Radical Republicans in Congress passed laws that destroyed local government systems built during the era of slavery and denied former slaves their right to vote. These measures also overturned convictions for crimes committed while slaves and awarded freedom to all slaves born after the beginning of emancipation in 1862. Many whites felt that these changes should have been made through democratic processes rather than by force. Others feared that if slaves were given equal rights, they would want the same thing for themselves. Still others believed that blacks weren't ready for such responsibilities or that they could only get them wrong.
During and after reconstruction, there were several attempts made to overthrow the federal government and restore southern authority.
At the same time, Reconstruction also was a failure because it did not last long enough to fulfill its goal of providing equal rights for African-Americans.
Reconstruction ended when President Ulysses S. Grant signed the Civil Rights Act of 1875 into law. This act outlawed discrimination against blacks in employment, education, housing, and public facilities. It also established voter registration drives across the country so that blacks could have an equal chance at voting.
In addition, the Freedmen's Bureau was created during Reconstruction to provide aid to freed slaves. The bureau was given broad authority by Congress to improve living conditions for former slaves. Its main office was in Washington, D.C., but there were regional bureaus throughout the South. The bureau worked with black communities to help them establish schools, hospitals, and churches, and protect their rights.
The Reconstruction Act of 1867 was noteworthy because it provided suffrage to all African American men and the ability to vote to all adult African Americans.
Weegy's father, William Greenleaf Waldo, was one of the most influential politicians in Georgia during this time. He used his position as governor to help secure civil rights for African Americans throughout the state. The Reconstruction Act was also important because it prevented any further secession by southern states. Without their support, federal troops were able to move into Georgia to ensure that slavery was not re-established there.
After the war ended, many former slaves did not believe they should be granted their freedom. They wanted to be given an opportunity to prove themselves by being hired out to pay off debts or anything else that might come up.
Between 1865 and 1870, Congress approved the "Reconstruction Amendments," which ended slavery, gave black Americans equal legal protection, and awarded black males vote. These reforms were intended to provide a basis for future growth and development of African-American communities. However, many white Southerners resisted this expansion of rights by any means possible, including violence.
The first effect was to bring millions of dollars into the formerly enslaved population for the first time in their lives. Previously, they had no cash income; all they had were debts to pay off or loans from their masters. The second effect was to destroy much of the economic infrastructure of the South, including most banks, so that investment did not follow industry but rather went where there is safety for investors. The third effect was to radically alter the balance of power between the races in many areas of the country.
Previous to the Civil War, Southern whites controlled almost every aspect of life including politics, business, and education. With the end of slavery and the beginning of black political empowerment, these forces sought to prevent further oppression by black Americans through legislation and violence. There were several attempts on Lincoln's life during his presidency, and he was shot at twice while visiting Richmond.
After the war ended, former slaves wanted to be given land to work.
Amendments to Reconstruction As most students are aware, the United States received three constitutional amendments during the Civil War that expanded civil and political rights to newly emancipated African Americans. Slavery and involuntary servitude were prohibited through the 13th Amendment, which was enacted in 1865. Blacks were granted citizenship rights in the 14th Amendment, which was ratified in 1868. Women were given the right to vote in federal elections with the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920. These are called "Reconstruction Amendments" because they were needed to restore the government to its full pre-Civil War strength after it had been paralyzed for many years by slavery and segregation.
Black suffrage was not immediately granted, however. For nearly a century after the end of slavery, only white men were allowed to vote. The 15th Amendment, which provided universal male suffrage, was passed in 1870.
In addition to these amendments, the federal government also made several attempts during Reconstruction at reining in Southern power. Congress established 10 new states in order to ensure that the former slaves would be represented in Congress. It also took control of state governments away from their former owners (the Union Army) and replaced them with officials who would be responsible to Congress.
These actions were meant to give rise to a more perfect union by ending one form of oppression by freeing the slaves and giving them equal rights in the eyes of the law.