Mexico is divided into 32 states: Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Coahuila, Colima, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Durango, Mexico City, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Texas, Veracruz, Yucatán.
These are the most important cities in each state:
Aguascalientes: Caborca, San Luis Potosí
Baja California: La Paz, Los Angeles, Rosarito, Tijuana
Baja California Sur: Cabo San Lucas, La Cruz, Loreto
Campeche: Ciudad Cheleken, Villahermosa
Coahuila: Saltillo, Torreón
Chiapas: San Cristobal de las Casas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez
The Mexican states are classified alphabetically.
Mexico is a federal republic made up of 31 states and the Federal District of Columbia. The executive, legislative, and judicial departments are nominally split, but under Mexico's one-party dictatorship in the twentieth century, the president had great authority over the whole system. Today, that power rests with President Enrique Pena Nieto.
Since the 1990s, Mexico has been through a major economic transformation, moving from being primarily an agricultural country to one of the world's leading industrialized nations. It is now considered a middle-income country by GDP per capita.
The Mexican economy is heavily dependent on two sectors: agriculture, which represents about 22% of GDP, and manufacturing, which accounts for almost 29% of GDP. Oil production contributes another significant portion of GDP (23% in 2014).
Mexico has a very large market, with approximately US$570 billion in annual exports and $80 billion in imports. Its main markets are the United States, China, Brazil, and India.
The country we know today as Mexico was born in 1821 when the Spanish Empire collapsed and modern-day Mexico became an independent nation. In 1848, it joined together with the United States to fight off a Russian invasion, and in 1867, they signed a treaty of peace and friendship. In 1882, they went to war again with each other; this time, America came out on top.
Mexico has precisely thirty-one states. It is vital to remember that Mexico City is not a state in and of itself, but rather the country's capital. Similarly, only five of its states are fully land-locked, with the other 26 having small islands or atolls.
However, two new states have been created by constitutional amendments since this article was written. In 2016, Ciudad Juarez and Toluca both voted to split from Mexico City. The changes take effect in 2018.
Also in 2016, Puebla declared itself a federal city, thereby becoming the 32nd state. However, it too will be splitting away from Mexico City after 2019, when a new federal district will be formed out of parts of Puebla and another state.
When Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, it was divided into 31 provinces. Over time, these provinces were reduced in size, until only five remained in 1848: Yucatán, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Sonora, and Chihuahua. These five still form the basis for Mexican federalism today.
However, three more states were created in 1848: México, Nueva España, and Texas.
Mexico is a federation of 31 states including Mexico City, its capital and greatest city. It is also a country that spans from north to south, so it is not possible to say which state is in what country.
However, you can say that Mexico is divided into two regions: North America for describing its geographic location and Central America for its cultural affiliation.
The North American region includes the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, and Wisconsin with Canada to the north. The Central American region includes the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Coahuila, Colima, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatán.
Mexico was one of the first countries to declare itself a republic after the American Revolution.
Mexico City is comparable to the District of Columbia in the United States. In fact, some countries include Mexico City in their list of national capitals. This means that there are actually 32 states in Mexico.
Each of Mexico's states has a unique culture and history they can't be compared to any other state in terms of geography or population size. However, they do share certain characteristics including a common language (Spanish), laws, and government system.
The Mexican constitution limits the number of seats each state receives in the Senate and House of Representatives. Because of this limit, most states have far more senators than representatives in the House of Representatives. For example, Baja California has the most senators with eight but only one representative in the House of Representatives. This means that most states lack political power because they cannot pass their own laws nor veto those passed by Congress.
However, some states such as Chihuahua, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Sinaloa, and Yucatán have much larger populations than any single district in the House of Representatives. These states can therefore influence federal legislation through voting in congressional elections.
There are two types of governments in Mexico: Federal and State.
The governors of Mexico's states are the country's first-level administrative territorial units. Mexico is divided into 31 states and one federal entity. The governor is either a citizen of that state who has been elected to a four-year term or, if there is no such election, then a person appointed by the president of Mexico to an equivalent position. The office does not imply a change in sovereignty since the states remain part of the Federal Republic of Mexico. They are responsible for running their own affairs within the limits of the law. Each state has a capital city which serves as the administrative center of the government of that state.
In addition to their gubernatorial duties, most governors also serve on a number of committees which help them make decisions on issues related to their departments. These include committees which work on education, health, transportation, agriculture, commerce, and security. Some states may also have a committee which reviews legislation before it becomes law.
A majority vote of those present at a meeting of the legislature can remove a governor from office. Otherwise, they would be unable to resign voluntarily (although some states allow this option). If the governor dies in office or is otherwise removed from office, then a temporary governor is appointed by the president. This could be the governor themselves or another person designated by them.
States in the United States that border Mexico
|Rank||US State||Bordering Mexican States|
|2||Arizona||Sonora, Baja California|
|3||New Mexico||Chihuahua, Sonora|
|4||Texas||Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, Chihuahua|