The 7.62x39mm round (also known as 7.62 Soviet or formerly.30 Russian Short) is a rimless, bottlenecked intermediate cartridge created in the Soviet Union during WWII. The AK-47 was conceived shortly after World War II and went on to become the world's most widely used military-pattern rifle. The standard issue weapon of the Soviet Army from 1947 until its replacement by the Kalashnikov AKM in 1959, the 7.62x39mm cartridge remains in use today with several variants including the 7N21 and 7N22. It is also the official cartridge of many other countries including China, North Korea, India, and Pakistan.
Also known as "7.62 Soviet", this ammunition is manufactured in large quantities in Russia and elsewhere. It is a popular round with shooters who prefer to stock their weapons systems with commercial components that can be found on the market.
The term "AK-47 round" is commonly used by consumers who want to purchase ammunition for their firearms. These bullets are designed to fit into the chamber of any firearm made by the Akrommov Industry which uses a 7.62 x 39 mm cartridge. They will not work in guns made by other manufacturers because each manufacturer has its own design specifications for its products. In fact, while some companies may share certain features, such as the need for a special barrel to handle the heat produced when firing these rounds, others may not.
The AK-47 shoots 7.62mm bullets from a 39mm long cartridge, which is commonly referred to as 7.62 x 39mm cartridges. This means that the bullet has a diameter of 0.312 inches and the casing capacity is 0.3125 inches wide.
The bullet's weight ranges from 52 to 60 grains, depending on whether it is solid or hollow-pointed. The velocity of the bullet varies between 2800 and 3300 feet per second.
The standard AK-47 can be converted to shoot 5.45x39mm or 9×19mm rounds by replacing the barrel with one that is chambered for these larger sizes of ammunition. These barrels are not interchangeable with normal AK-47 barrels and require replacement of the entire front end of the rifle.
The 7.62 x 39mm round was developed by the Soviet army in 1947 as a smaller, more mobile version of the 5.65x39mm round used by the Kalishnikov rifle. It was accepted into service that year. The 7.62 x 39mm round is still used today, although it is being replaced by the 5.45x39mm and 5.56x45mm NATO rounds.
These are substantially less powerful than 7.62mm NATO bullets, which are fired with a bigger, 51mm cartridge known as 7.62 x 51mm rounds. The 7.62 x 39mm round was developed by the Soviet Army from the 7.62x54R cartridge used by the Russian Army until it was replaced by the 7.62x39mm round in 1949. The 7.62 x 39mm round is still used by some former Soviet states such as Azerbaijan and Belarus.
The 7.62 x 39mm round is also used in many other small arms around the world including the Czechoslovakian Vz 58, Polish PPS, South African R1/7, and Vietnamese SV68 series.
Since the 7.62 x 39mm round is significantly less powerful than the 7.62mm NATO round, users must take care not to expose the weapon to excessive heat or cold since this could cause the gun to malfunction or even explode.
The standard issue ammunition for the AK-47 is the 7.62 x 39mm round, however, users can also purchase 7.62 mm NATO rounds from various manufacturers. Some countries will only supply their forces with their own brand of ammunition, while others will accept foreign-made ammunition under certain conditions.
The 'Kalashnikov's automatic rifle' (sometimes spelled Kalashnikov or just AK) is a gas-powered assault rifle chambered for the 7.62x39mm cartridge....
|Effective firing range||350 m (380 yd)|
|Feed system||20-round, 30-round detachable box magazine There are also 40-round, 75-round drum magazines available|
|Length||Fixed wooden stock: 880 mm (35 in) 875 mm (34.4 in) folding stock extended 645 mm (25.4 in) stock folded|
|Barrel length||Overall length: 415 mm (16.3 in) Rifled bore length: 369 mm (14.5 in)|
|Action||Gas-operated, rotating bolt|
The former Soviet Union It is the founding firearm of the Kalashnikov (or "AK") family of rifles, developed in the Soviet Union by Russian small-arms inventor Mikhail Kalashnikov. The AK-47 type and its variations are still the most popular and commonly used weapons in the world after more than seven decades. It was first tested in 1945 and entered production a year later.
China has become the biggest manufacturer of arms today, but the original creators of the AK-47 are not known. Some researchers claim that it was developed as early as 1939 by the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant in Izhevsky City, but this information has not been confirmed by other sources. The AK-47 was designed to replace the outdated Vickers machine gun then used by the Red Army.
After World War II, the Soviet government sought to develop a replacement for the Vickers gun. One of the candidates was the Barrett M1921A1.50-caliber machine gun, but it wasn't adopted because the Izhevsk plant could not produce enough guns to meet the army's needs. The project was therefore given to Anton Ivanov who had already worked on several other successful firearms projects at his factory in Dimitrovgrad (now Dmitrov). The result was the AK-47, which was officially accepted by the military in 1947.
The AK-47 was an immediate success.