Taqiya ([email protected] taqiyyah/taqiyah) is a type of religious veil or legal dispensation in Shia Islam that allows a believing individual to disavow his religion or do otherwise unlawful or blasphemous activities, particularly when they are in fear or at risk of serious punishment. The term comes from the need for such an individual to conceal his belief if he is not to incur God's wrath and be condemned to hellfire.
Jafari Shia is the name given to those who practice Taqiya. They believe it is their duty to deny the truth of other religions and follow the rules of their priests or leaders rather than find out the real truth for themselves.
Taqiya is a dangerous doctrine to hold, because it means that one can deny anything including one's own eyes before God. If someone claims to be a Muslim but denies the truth of other religions, then they are not being truthful with themselves or others and do not have faith in God. Such people may appear devout to others but are in fact hypocrites.
Taqiya is widely believed by scholars to be a difficult issue with no clear-cut answer. However, most Sunni Muslims consider it a grave sin while most Shia Muslims say it is not necessarily a sin if there is a good reason for doing so.
Taqiya is discussed in many books of Islamic theology.
Taqiyya is the practice of concealing one's affiliation with one's faith when doing so would put one's life in risk. Taqiyya is performed for the sake of safety. For example, a person may be afraid that if he does not observe taqiyya, he may be murdered or maimed. Taqiyya is permissible in this circumstance.
The word comes from the Arabic takfir, meaning "to denounce as unbeliever." Thus, taqiyya is the act of denying faith or disbelief while being aware of it. The term is used primarily by Muslims who are not affiliated with a particular school of thought.
According to Islamic law, anyone who denies the existence of God (atheist) or Jesus Christ (Christian) can be forced to do so under certain circumstances. For example, an atheist or Christian in an Islamic country where there is no free speech may have to remain silent about his beliefs (1). An atheist in such a country could never proclaim his beliefs openly because to do so would mean the end of his own life.
In addition, any Muslim who has sworn allegiance to a political leader and intends to break that pledge by switching sides can be required to perform taqiyya. For example, someone who has pledged loyalty to Saddam Hussein but who is now fighting against him has the right to deny his previous allegiance if questioned by a guard or soldier. This is necessary in order to protect that person's life.
Shia Muslims see the alam (flag) as a sacred emblem because it is related with Imam Hussain's (AS) brother, Hazrat Abbas (AS), the flag bearer of Banu Hashim. During majalis and processions, Alam Pak is carried. It can be seen in the photos of Shia Muslims during this period.
The origin of the word "al-am" is not clear but it may come from the Arabic word for two, which refers to the fact that the flag has two colors: white for Hussain (AS) and red for his father, Abbas (AS).
According to some historians, the current form of the flag was developed by Abbas ibn Ali the son of Imam Hussein (AS) who was exiled to Egypt after the death of his father. He designed the black and white flag with a red stripe across it to represent the blood of Imam Hussain (AS) that had been spilled during his trial. This flag was first shown on stage during the trial of Husain (AS) when one of the judges asked him if he was willing to die for his beliefs. To this, Abbas (AS) replied in the affirmative and took off his turban, placing it on the table before him.
Taqlid (Arabic taqlyd taqlid) is an Islamic phrase that refers to one person's adherence to the teachings of another. There is no negative connotation in Shia Islamic use when it refers to non-mujtahid general compliance to mujtahid doctrine.
Though Ptolemy I established the official Serapis cult and endorsed him as a patron of the Ptolemaic dynasty and Alexandria, Serapis was a syncretistic deity derived from Egyptian Osiris and Apis worship and also gained attributes from other deities, such as chthonic powers linked to the Greek Hades...
Matam can include self-flagellation, in which Shia Muslims inflict wounds on their backs, chests, and heads as a gesture of grief for the Holy Prophet's grandson, Imam Hussain, who was murdered together with his family in the Battle of Karbala. The practice dates back at least to the 11th century.
Shia believe that during these periods of mourning they should show restraint from all forms of pleasure, including food and drink. They should wear white in memory of the victims and display photographs or drawings of them.
In addition, they perform hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca) every year instead of waiting for a suitable time. The number of trips between visits to the holy places is limited to avoid excessive travel; therefore, it must be done within a period of three years.
The last pilgrimage was in 2014, so anyone who wants to can go now!
The mourning period lasts for the entire year, but it is expected that people will behave differently while being affected by it. For example, they should not work during fasting hours, but it is okay if an injured person needs to use medicine or attend a medical appointment.
As for myself, I have never performed matam because I don't think it's necessary since I'm healthy.