Farmers' requests as of March 26, 2021 include: Make MSP and state agricultural procurement a legal entitlement. Guarantees that the traditional procurement system would be maintained Implement the Swaminathan Panel Report by setting the MSP at least 50% higher than the weighted average cost of production. Reduce fuel prices for agricultural usage by half. Increase compensation for crop losses to $50,000 per farm.
The MSP is the main support program for Indian farmers. It provides them with cash payments whenever they sell their produce on the market place.
In 2017-18, the MSP was reduced by 10%. This move has been criticized by farmers who believe it is not enough to cover their costs of cultivation. There have also been protests across India against this decision.
Currently, Indian farmers receive Rs. 36,000 ($500) per year through the MSP program. This is less than half of what other major food producers like Brazil and Argentina receive.
Brazilian farmers receive around $75-$100 per acre while Argentine farmers get about $180 per acre.
Indian farmers work on marginal lands which do not yield enough to make farming viable. They use cheap fertilizers and high-tech seeds which require expensive irrigation systems to be successful. Without better payment schemes, they will continue to suffer losses.
There are several organizations working with farmers to express their demands.
Farmers have also urged the development of a Minimum Support Pricing (MSP) law to ensure that corporations do not have price control. The administration, on the other hand, insists that the rules would make it easy for farmers to sell directly to large customers and that the demonstrations are based on disinformation.
The protests began in the northern state of Punjab about 100 miles from Islamabad where farmers protested for three days in January because they were unhappy with the low prices they were being paid for their crops. At least six people were killed and more than 200 injured in the clashes that ensued when police tried to evict the protesters from government property.
In February, similar protests broke out in several other parts of the country with farmers blocking roads, burning vehicles and attacking civilians as well as security forces. Once again, police had to open fire to disperse the mobs. Two officers were among those who died during the violence.
The government has since then been under pressure to respond to the demands of the farmers but has so far failed to do so. The latest protest was announced on Monday by the All Pakistan Farmers Organization (APFO), which represents about 10 million farmers, along with two other organizations.
"We will continue our protest until our demands are met," said Muhammad Adil, a farmer from Punjab who is one of the organizers of the protest.
The Farm Bill permits farmers to sell directly to private enterprises rather than via the APMC mandis. Farmers are concerned that this will result in the abolition of MSP. The government has removed the majority of agricultural items from the list of essential commodities. Farmers anticipate price instability and stockpiling as a result of this.
After the Second World War, European agriculture suffered severe setbacks due to high levels of poverty, malnutrition and disease. To address these issues, Europe's leaders established the CAP in order to provide farmers with financial assistance. The aim was to help them become more competitive against producers in other countries who did not have such restrictions on farming.
India is one of the largest consumers of agricultural products in the world. It also has the most diverse agricultural economy in Asia. Under the current system, around 20% of our food needs are met by Indian agriculture, which employs 46 million people. The CAP is vital for our farmers since it provides them with a guaranteed market and income level regardless of the international prices they receive for their products. Without this support, many would be forced out of the industry.
MSP is the acronym for Minimum Support Price.
# Understand the Agricultural Bill's Facts and Benefits
The main instruments of agricultural price policy have been: (1) guaranteed prices to producers through the system of minimum support prices implemented through obligatory procurement; (2) inter- and intra-year price stability through open market operations; (3) buffer stock maintenance; and (4) food grain distribution...
In addition, there has been funding for agricultural research and extension through the Agricultural Research and Extension Act. Finally, agricultural trade policies include tariff adjustments and product standards.
Farmers at that time were not organized into companies or labor unions so they needed some way to protect their interests. Guaranteed prices gave them security enough to invest in improving their farms. Buffer stocks also helped by providing continuity if a crop failed because the price was stable enough to allow for risk management.
The Agricultural Marketing Agreement Treaty is a treaty between the United States and Canada that governs agricultural trade between those two countries. The treaty establishes a framework for negotiating agreements on trade and marketing of agricultural products. It does not create any new laws but rather provides a process by which existing U.S. and Canadian laws can be updated to reflect changes in trade practices.
To initiate negotiations, either country can propose a treaty.
Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare has been allocated 35,984 crore.
The 'Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana' will be executed as a mission. Irrigation will be installed on 28.5 lakh hectares.
The implementation of 89 irrigation projects under AIBP that have been stalled for a long time will be accelerated.
NABARD would establish a specialized Long Term Irrigation Fund with an initial capital of around 20,000 crore.
The Program for Sustainable Groundwater Resource Management, with an estimated cost of 6,000 crore, will be undertaken with multilateral finance.
MGNREGA would fund 5 lakh agricultural ponds and dug wells in rain-fed regions, as well as 10 lakh compost pits for organic manure production. By March 2017, the Soil Health Card initiative would have covered all 14 crore farm properties.
Over the next three years, 2,000 fertilizer company model retail stores will be outfitted with soil and seed testing facilities.
Organic farming will be promoted through the "Parmparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana" and "Organic Value Chain Development in the North East Region."
To supply wholesale marketplaces with a consolidated e-commerce platform The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana allocation has been enhanced to 19,000 crore. The remaining 65,000 qualifying habitations will be linked by 2019.
A provision of 15,000 crore has been established in the BE 2016-17 for interest subvention to ease the burden of loan repayment on farmers.
Prime Minister Fasal Bima Yojana has been allocated 5,500 crore.
850 crore for four dairy initiatives, including "Pashudhan Sanjivani," "Nakul Swasthya Patra," "E-Pashudhan Haat," and the National Genomic Centre for indigenous breeds.