Texas produces the most cotton, hay, sheep, goats, mohair, and horses. Vegetables, citrus, corn, wheat, peanuts, pecans, sorghum, and rice are among among the state's primary crops. Texas is a major exporter of agricultural goods. The Dallas-Fort Worth area is the world's largest center for livestock trading.
The petroleum industry is another important part of the Texas economy. It is estimated that oil accounts for 95% of the state's exports. In 2014, Texas was the country's second-largest producer of crude oil after North Dakota. The main centers of oil production are located in East Texas near the Gulf of Mexico. Natural gas is also found in Texas in small quantities. The Houston area is the nation's leading supplier of this mineral resource.
Texas has a large population of retired people living on government pensions. This group is expected to increase as more people live longer than expected and become eligible for Medicare and Social Security. Older people often work at low-paying jobs or not at all to supplement their retirement incomes.
In 2015, Texas's per capita income was $18,884. This made it the fourth wealthiest state in the country. A person could easily live on about one quarter of the state's income by spending less than $50,000 annually.
Almost half of Texas residents live in urban areas.
Texas' top five agricultural goods in terms of income are beef cattle and calves, cotton, broilers (young birds), greenhouse and nursery products, and dairy products.
Beef cattle and calves are raised across Texas under a variety of management systems. The majority of cattle in Texas are fed hay and grain on ranchlands owned by large corporations or private individuals. Some ranches raise cattle exclusively for meat; others raise them as part of a profitable business operation. The cost of production is a major factor influencing where cattle are bred and raised.
Cotton is harvested from cotton plants that grow in fields all over Texas. The two main types of cotton grown in Texas are upland cotton and sea island cotton. Upland cotton is cultivated on fertile soil near cities and towns where it is processed into textile fibers used in clothing. Sea island cotton grows on sandbars in coastal bays and sounds and can only be harvested once every three years because of its extreme sensitivity to frost. It is processed into a lightweight fabric called sisal that is used for rope manufacturing.
The poultry industry is important to Texas agriculture because of its growing population of elderly citizens and health care professionals who cannot eat chicken due to allergies or other reasons. Poultry farming provides employment for many people who would otherwise be dependent on the oil industry for jobs.
Agriculture is one of Texas's and the United States' most vital industries. Texas leads the nation in cow and calf sales, sheep and wool, goats and mohair, and cotton sales, as well as farm real estate value, number of farms and ranches, and farm and ranch area. The industry accounts for 9% of the state's total employment.
In 2010, Texas farmers produced $15 billion worth of food and fiber. The state's agricultural industry has been influential in supporting legislation at the state and federal levels. It has also played a role in many public debates over food safety, animal rights, labor practices, environmental protection, and health care reform.
Texas has long been known for its beef production and sale. In fact, the state ranks first in the country in terms of beef production. Cattle are raised across the state for meat production, but especially on the Western Frontier where grazing lands allow forage-based livestock production.
The Texas dairy industry continues to grow. In 2010, the state ranked second in the country in milk production. The majority of Texas's milk is processed into butter or cheese, with the remainder sold as fluid milk.
In addition to cattle and milk, Texas produces billions of dollars' worth of crops each year.
Kansas, the nation's greatest wheat producer, is also a major producer of grain sorghum and corn. Hay, soybeans, and sunflowers are other important crops. Cattle and calves, on the other hand, are the most valued agricultural item. Kansas has more than 500 dairy farms. The state's cattle herd is the largest in the country.
Kansas has nine airports with paved runways that are capable of receiving large aircraft. They are: Hutchinson Municipal Airport, Manhattan/Leavenworth County Airport, Merriam-Edwards Air Force Base, Salina Regional Airport, Scott City Airport, Shawnee Mission Park District Airport, Topeka International Airport, and Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport.
The capital city of Kansas is Topeka. It was established in 1855 and lies at 39° N latitude. It is home to many government offices because of its central location in the United States. In 2010, the population of Kansas was estimated to be over 1 million people.
Kansas is part of the Great Plains region of the United States. This area is known for its flat landscape and lack of prominent geographical features such as mountains or oceans. Most of Kansas is made up of fertile soil that is perfect for farming. There are several major rivers that run through Kansas including the Missouri River, Kansas River, Smoky Hill River, Solomon River, and Arkansas River.