Despite their different lives, one thing that Ancient Greece and Ancient Egypt had in common was their religion. Both civilizations maintained polytheistic religion, which means they worshiped several gods. Pharaohs controlled Ancient Egypt. Priests called "magi" were important because they interpreted messages from the gods. There were many temples all over both countries where magi performed their ceremonies.
Greece and Egypt were great powers in their time. They had strong armies and cultured societies. But they also had many problems. Egypt was invaded by foreign tribes about 50 times and almost destroyed completely by 1640 B.C. Greece suffered similar problems - especially with other nations. But they managed to survive them all.
Why do you think this happened? What caused so much destruction for these powerful civilizations?
The answers may surprise you! It's because of their religions. Polytheism is more popular than people think. There are still many people on earth who believe in several gods. Their religions have many followers because they give people hope. Someone will save them from death after they die. This belief makes them happy and fills them with joy, which is what keeps them going day by day.
But there are also monotheists in Egypt and Greece. They only worship one god. They think this way because they want to be saved from death.
The ancient faiths of Rome and Egypt had many similarities. Both societies were polytheistic, which means they worshiped several gods rather than one. Religion was seen as a civic responsibility in both Rome and Egypt, and emperors were occasionally deified. The main difference between Rome's faith and Egypt's faith is that Romans believed in one god who lived up in the sky and watched over everyone, while Egyptians believed there were many gods but they all lived inside people.
Another similarity between Roman religion and Egyptian religion is that in both cases, religion was used to explain why bad things happened to good people. In Egypt, the gods were said to be jealous of humans' power over them; if someone did something wrong, then the gods would punish them by sending them diseases or other forms of misfortune. In Rome, the gods were said to be angry with people for making themselves God by creating evil things like wars or earthquakes. If someone done something wrong in Rome, the gods would punish them by sending them floods, droughts, or other natural disasters.
In both cultures, important religious ceremonies were done with blood sacrifices. In Egypt, the most famous sacrifice is that of Jesus but also Moses and Ramses II have their own stories about how their blood was sacrificed.
Mesopotamian and Egyptian religions were polytheistic, which means they worshiped several gods and goddesses and were centered on nature. Gods of the sky, earth, freshwater, and the sun were worshiped in both civilizations, as were gods of human emotions and the underworld. The only difference was that while Egyptians worshipped cats and dogs, people did not have any respect for animals in Mesopotamia.
Both cultures built large cities with high walls; Mesopotamia's were called "mounds" by Europeans because they used to be visible even today. Inside these walls were luxurious palace-dwellings for the rich and spacious temples for the priests. In fact, many modern countries are still surrounded by parts of their old city walls- Meskonia, Iran; Jerusalem, Israel; etc.
Mesopotamia and Egypt shared many common practices including alchemy, medicine, mathematics, astronomy, writing, brickmaking, construction techniques, and agriculture. Both civilizations were highly advanced when it came to technology and science — they just differed in certain areas such as warfare and architecture.
Mesopotamia was a country located in what is now Iraq. It existed from about 3000 B.C. to A.D. 600. Ancient Egypt was a country that covered an area of 4,000 miles from north to south and 1,500 miles from east to west.
Ancient Egypt's religion was a polytheistic faith. They worshiped several gods and thought that pharaohs were either chosen by gods or were gods themselves. They also revered the Nile River, which provided them with food and water. The Nile even had a role in their afterlife. If you built a church on top of your house in Ancient Egypt, your family would be welcomed into heaven if they died before you did.
Egypt was an extremely patriarchal society, where power was concentrated in the hands of men. Their political system was based on kingship; there were only rulers because there were no equals who could take power away from them. The king was responsible for making all major decisions, and he could choose not to act on them. His advisors helped him decide what role they should play in government.
They lived in mud brick houses and used papyrus instead of paper. There was no iron tool or weapon used by ancient Egyptians, except for some arrowheads made from iron ore found in large quantities in Egypt. However, they did use stone tools after about 1500 BC.
Mummies were buried with their organs inside their bodies, such as hearts, livers, lungs, and kidneys. This is different from modern funerals, where people are now more likely to have their bodies burned beyond recognition. During Ancient Egyptian funerals, people would often cry out "Mummy live again!" to honor the spirit of the deceased.