The government of the United States is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judiciary. Discover what they do and how they may help you. Home Page The US Government's Three Branches Search for facts about the US government's three branches on KidsData.org. Learn where to find information on each branch's powers and how they work together.
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Branches of the U.S. government - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The government of the United States is composed of three separate but equal branches: the Congress, the President, and the courts. All three branches have specific roles that are important in maintaining a functional democracy. The Congress writes the laws that govern the country; the President enforces those laws and has certain power reserved for him by the Constitution; and the courts interpret the law and protect individuals' rights.
U.S. Government Organization Chart
All government officials are responsible for understanding their role in the government system and carrying it out effectively. It is important for students to understand that everyone who holds office under the federal government is a public servant and is expected to follow the rules when performing their duties.
The United States' federal government is divided into three branches: the executive, the legislative, and the judiciary. The US constitution emphasizes the three branches' powers, functions, and restrictions. The three branches of government are explained more below.
The executive branch includes the President and his or her staff. The President directs the executive officers of the government and has the power to veto legislation sent from Congress. He or she can also put out executive orders on policies that only he or she can decide. The Vice President serves as a constitutional officer who acts as President if the office is vacant or when the President dies, resigns, or is removed from office. The Executive Office of the President is made up of officials who assist the President in running the government.
The Legislative Branch includes both Houses of Congress. Each House votes on legislation before it can be passed into law. Voting on most bills requires an absolute majority; however, some issues require only a simple majority to pass. The size of each House varies depending on the population of the country at the time of ratification of the Constitution. Currently, the Senate consists of 53 members and the House of Representatives consists of 535 members. The Speaker of the House is the chief political figure within the House, while the President of the Senate is less important. Both the Speaker and the President are elected by their colleagues. Neither position is directly elected by the public.
The United States government is divided into three parts, or branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch.
The legislative branch consists of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House members represent their districts, which are created by state legislatures and can vary in size from less than 100,000 people to more than double that number. The Senate members represent their states, which can range in size from less than 5 million people to nearly 40 million. Both chambers have exclusive authority to write laws and give consent to treaties. They also have the power to impeach federal officials.
The executive branch includes the offices of President of the United States and other officers included in the presidential line of succession. The president is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces and has many other duties and responsibilities as head of state. Other officers include the vice president, who serves as president of the Senate; ministers, who serve as heads of each of the several departments; and judges, who hold office during good behavior.
The judicial branch includes the courts system. There are two levels: the Supreme Court and lower courts. The Supreme Court reviews decisions made by lower courts and can review its own decisions.