National Battlefield of Monacacy The Monacacy National Battlefield is located 50 miles (80 kilometers) west of Baltimore and 44 miles (71 kilometers) north of Washington, D.C. The site includes land that was once part of the estate of William Maclay, a wealthy Maryland merchant. He purchased 80 acres (0.33 square mile) for his retirement home in 1821. The federal government acquired the property in 1937 to establish a national memorial to the thousands of immigrants from Europe who came to America through Baltimore. Today, visitors can walk among the remains of Maclay's original house and outbuildings, which have been reconstructed based on historical documents.
Between is a prepositional phrase meaning "located or occurring between." Between has other meanings as well: "as a barrier or protection," "in a state of uncertainty," and "with regard to." This last definition is the one that applies to cities like Louisville or Albuquerque that are situated between two larger cities or metropolitan areas.
In addition to its literal meaning, between also refers to distance or location. For example, someone may say that a problem lies between you and your goal when it is not easy to solve. Or, a fight was fought on both sides between the Americans and the British.
The battlefields listed below are ideal for a day excursion to learn about the region's Civil War history. Visit the visitor center, watch an introduction film, go on a self-guided tour, or listen to an educational discussion given by a park ranger. The airport is located 70 miles north of Washington, D.C. in Wilmington, Delaware.
The first major battle of the Civil War was fought just over 150 years ago today, on April 12, 1861. It was called the Battle of Fort Sumter because it began a chain of events that would lead to the opening of hostilities between the Union and the Confederacy. The conflict lasted four years and ended with the Confederate army being forced to surrender at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. However, the war did not end right away - states could still form their own governments even if they were not part of the federal union. These independent nations-within-a-nation came to be known as "Confederate States of America".
Fort Sumter is one of only three remaining fortifications from the Civil War era on South Carolina's Sea Islands. The other two forts are Fort Moultrie and Sullivan's Island. All three forts played important roles in preventing foreign troops from entering the country during the Civil War. American Indians had helped the British fight against France in North America, so the United States wanted to make sure no foreign powers supported its southern opponents.
70 kilometers The Battle of Antietam, 70 miles north of Washington, D.C., was the Confederate Army's first incursion into the North during the Civil War. 23,000 troops were killed, injured, or went missing in a single day. If you drive from Washington to Antietam today, it will take you about 3 hours.
The war came to an end after only four months, but it ended much as it began, with both sides determined to win. Lincoln wanted to bring the Confederacy down economically and militarily. The Confederacy wanted to preserve its independence.
At Antietam, the Union army under General John Frémont attempted to invade Virginia, while the Confederate army under General Robert E. Lee tried to stop him. Both armies suffered heavy losses, but it was Lee who had to retreat back across the Potomac River into Maryland. This was probably a good thing for the South because it is thought that if Lee had won at Antietam then he would have continued the war forever. As it was, many Southerners felt that it wasn't worth losing everything just to keep something they called "their country".
Lincoln had been trying to get Congress to pass a bill abolishing slavery in the federal territories, but the House of Representatives voted against it.
Fort Meade NSA is located roughly 30 miles apart from two large cities: Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington, D.C. It is accessible via the Baltimore-Washington Parkway and the George Washington Memorial Parkway.
It takes about an hour to an hour and a half to reach Fort Meade by car from either city. The drive gives you views of beautiful rural land and small towns along the way.
The best way to get around Fort Meade is with public transportation. There is a bus line that runs between several locations in the greater Baltimore area and points throughout Fort Meade. The bus stop for the line is located near the entrance to the base. Taxis are available on base but can be expensive; the rate is $10 to $15 per person to anywhere within 10 miles of the base boundary.
Driving is also an option if you have a full license and meet the requirements to drive on military bases. The only caveat is that some areas of the base are restricted based on military activity or security concerns. In these cases, you will not be able to drive into these areas without being authorized by base security.
Manassas National Battlefield Park's Living History reenactment. The relics of a sophisticated system of Civil War fortifications may be seen in the wooded hills around the nation's capital, and battlefields that have witnessed many centuries of history can be found within a two-hour drive of Washington, DC. One such place is Manassas National Battlefield Park in Virginia. Established by Congress in 1888, this national monument preserves land where three major battles were fought during the Civil War. In addition, the park contains the largest collection of military materiel in one location outside of a museum (more than 300 weapons).
Another great option is Fort Monroe in Hampton Beach, Virginia. This active federal installation was built as a defense depot against possible invasion by Union forces during the Civil War. Today, it serves as a home to several military agencies including the United States Navy. The park offers visitors an opportunity to see how soldiers lived during the war years, with demonstrations of blacksmithing, carpentry, and other crafts.
If you're interested in seeing more old battlefields close up, visit Dixie Landing State Historic Site near Hopkinsville, Kentucky. Here you can learn about the struggle between the Union and Confederacy in eastern Kentucky through living history programs, special events, and tours that take you into the heart of the battleground. The site is also home to the only known surviving steam-powered cotton mill in Kentucky.