According to the Constitution, the United States House of Representatives creates and passes federal laws. The House of Representatives is one of Congress's two chambers (the other being the United States Senate) and is part of the federal government's legislative branch.
The House of Representatives meets in the House Chamber of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C. The chamber was built between 1774 and 1792 by John Paul Jones in an early example of American architecture. It is now the second most-visited government building in America after the White House.
There are currently 538 members of the House of Representatives from 50 states and two territories. The breakdown by state: 241 Democrats, 195 Republicans, and 2 independents who caucus with the Democrats.
Each state receives equal representation in the House of Representatives, regardless of population. This is known as "one person, one vote" and it ensures that no state can dominate Congress or endanger its neutrality. However, some states may be overrepresented due to joint districts containing multiple states, or through legislation such as gerrymandering. In addition, the House membership is balanced by means of automatic reductions every two years in response to changes in national census totals. If there were no further action by Congress, the number of representatives would rise to 601 in 2013.
The judicial branch We, the People of the United States of America, thus proclaim According to the Constitution, the United States House of Representatives creates and passes federal laws.
Each state has one representative in the House, with each district receiving one vote. The Speaker of the House is responsible for assigning members to committees and directing their work, but cannot vote on any issue before the House. The House meets in Washington, D.C., but may also meet in other locations around the country.
The United States House of Representatives Add to the list Share. The Senate and the House of Representatives comprise the United States Congress, which is a group of elected politicians that represent different districts in their home states. These House members' primary responsibility is to vote on and pass legislation. They also have some role in setting national policy through voting on important issues before them. The Constitution provides that both the Senate and the House shall have a number of representatives equal to their respective states' populations. However, the size of the House of Representatives can change from time to time depending on how many people are alive or living out of country at any given moment.
Also, each state has its own government system based on a constitution of its own so they can decide what role they want the House to play in their process. Some states have a single house legislature while others have a bicameral legislature. This means they can be either one body with two chambers or have separate houses for senators and representatives.
Currently, there are 535 representatives in the House of Representatives. They serve two-year terms and may not run for office again until after another four years. The House meets in Washington, D.C., but its members come from all over the country. There are no restrictions on how far away a person must live to be able to stand for election as a representative.
Find your representative. As per the Constitution, the U.S. House of Representatives makes and passes federal laws. The House is one of Congress's two chambers (the other is the U.S. Senate) and is part of the federal government's legislative branch.
Section 2 of Amendment XIV to the United States Constitution. The Constitution calls for proportional representation in the United States House of Representatives, with seats allocated based on state population as determined by the legally mandated census.
Members of the United States House of Representatives are referred to as U.S. representatives, whereas members of the United States Senate are referred to as U.S. senators. Most state legislatures include two chambers as well, which are commonly referred to as the House of Representatives and the Senate. So you have state representatives and state senators, both of whom serve. At the federal level, membership is fixed by law; there is no way for a member to be removed from office other than through death or resignation.
To become a member of Congress, a person must be an adult citizen of the United States and live in the country. They must also not have been elected officials themselves recently (within two years), nor may they hold any other public office under the jurisdiction of their respective states. Finally, they must live in their district at least one year before being eligible to stand for election.
All states except Vermont and North Dakota have legislation that prescribes how their congressional districts will be drawn. The process varies depending on whether the state is using single-member districts or multi-member districts. In most cases, the legislature establishes a commission made up of members of Congress or others with expertise in geography or statistical analysis who are charged with drawing the district maps. The commission meets in secret to produce a set of proposed plans, which it presents to the legislature for approval. If the legislature fails to approve a plan, then the commission is free to draw up another set of proposals.