Diana was the goddess of hunting in Roman mythology, and subsequently, the moon and virginity. She held a special place in her heart for cypress trees. She was the Titan Latona's daughter and Jupiter's daughter (or Leto). Diana was known as Artemis in Greek mythology. Her twin brother was Hecate.
The name Diana comes from the Greek word Diosne, which means "goddess". It is also sometimes used as an adjective to mean "of or relating to Diana", or as a noun to refer to "a female deer".
People often confuse Diana with Athena, another Greek goddess who has similarities to her: both are warrior goddesses, both are associated with hunting, and both are associated with cities. However, they are not the same person. While it is true that both goddesses played a major role in defending Athens, this was done many years after their births (Diana was born around the year 325 BC, while Athena was born five years later). Also, unlike Diana who had many names and titles, Athena was only known as Athena Polias ("Athena of the City")- she didn't have a surname like "Lady Hunter".
In modern culture, the term "dianna" is used as a feminine given name.
Diana (among the Romans) or Artemis (among the Greeks) was the Moon and Hunt Goddess. She was the virgin protector of forests and wild animals, and she is sometimes represented with a bow and arrows, which she used to punish mortals who displeased her. Her symbols are the moon and the deer.
She came from Ephesus in what is now Turkey, but was then part of the kingdom of Pergamon. Little is known about her early life, except that she must have been very beautiful because she became one of the most famous women in history. She married King Adrian of Nicaea and had two children with him: a son who died young and a daughter named Valeria. When Adrian died, he was buried beside his first wife in Constantinople (now Istanbul), where they were later joined by Diana. After Adrian's death, she decided to go back to Ephesus, where she kept the memory of those who had died fighting for their country. She also brought back some of the king's body parts to be placed on display for everyone to see. This made her even more popular than before!
During her time in Ephesus, Diana found out that there was going to be another war. So she went to battle against the enemy herself, and she was never seen again.
Diana, linked with the Greek goddess Artemis, is the goddess of wild animals and the hunt in Roman mythology. She was a goddess of domestic animals, like her Greek counterpart. As a fertility deity, she was asked by women to help them conceive and birth their children. Women who were unable to give birth made an image of Diana and prayed to it for help.
Diana's main shrine was in Aricia, a town in Campania named after its ancient capital city Ara Caeli (now Acri). The region around the temple of Diana was called "Ariciana". Today, there is a village in Italy named after this goddess: Dianoire. In French, the name of the village is Dianée and in Spanish, it is Diána.
In art, literature and music, Diana refers to various images of the goddess. These include icons, statues, paintings and drawings.
Artemis is the Roman version of the Greek goddess Artemis. They are both aspects of the same entity, but different cultures have adapted them to represent different qualities. In other words, they are two separate but related deities.
There are also several characters in mythology named Diana. This is because many gods had multiple names and used them when addressing each other.