Whatever his motivations, Judas led the troops to the Garden of Gethsemane, where he recognized Jesus by kissing him and addressing him as "Rabbi." (Matthew 14:44–46) According to Matthew's Gospel, Judas instantly repented of his acts and returned the 30 pieces of silver to church officials, stating, "I have sinned by... betraying my master." (26:14–16) However, this act was not enough to atone for his sins.
Judas then went to the chief priests to try to get back into good standing with them. They called a meeting and presented him with an opportunity to regain their trust. But instead of keeping his promise, Judas again betrayed his master.
After these events, Jesus told his disciples that one of them would be betrayed by whom he knew best. (See John 13:21–30) Many scholars believe that Jesus was speaking about Judas when he made this statement. Although Judas tried to escape his fate by committing suicide, God had other plans for him. The Bible says that "it was necessary for him to suffer some degree of punishment."
It is important to note that Judas did not meet with anyone except for the priests to attempt to withdraw from what was about to happen. It appears that he was alone when he committed suicide.
We know that Judas died by hanging himself with his belt. This was a common practice at the time.
Judas foresaw Jesus and the disciples' visit to a grove outside Jerusalem and brought the soldiers there, declaring, "Whoever it is that I kiss, he is the one; take him into prison, and carry him away under watch." Judas, who is leading the party into the garden, finds Jesus with his followers and approaches him. "Good day, Rabbi!" he says. "I have found you are well known in Judea where they say you are a prophet." Then he kisses him.
After kissing him, Judas leads Jesus and his followers into a cave and then leaves them there while he returns to the main camp with the soldier. Later that night, after sunset, Judas again leads Jesus and his followers into the cave and leaves them there while he goes back to the main camp with the soldier. The next morning, when it is time for Jesus to be taken to Pilate, Judas again leads him and his followers into the cave and then leaves them there while he goes back to the main camp with the soldier.
In summary, Judas led Jesus and his disciples into the cave three times during the night. First, they went into the cave at twilight, then later that night at sunset, and finally the next morning at dawn.
According to the New Testament Gospels, Judas betrayed Jesus for "30 pieces of silver" by kissing him in front of Roman troops. According to the Bible, the guilt-ridden Judas later returns the bribe and commits suicide. The story is told in all four Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
The amount of money that was paid for a person at the time of Christ is difficult to determine. Silver coins were in wide use throughout the empire at this time, but their value was often limited by the quantity of silver contained in each coin. For example, the standard Roman denarius had an estimated value of about two years' wages for a skilled worker. Even after accounting for inflation, this remains a relatively low price for a human being.
Judas's act was not a one-time thing, but rather an ongoing role that he played within the structure of the Jewish leadership. He was not acting on his own initiative, but rather under direction from someone else. It is likely that the people who hired him knew what he was going to do and gave him the money with that intention in mind. This shows that there was a market for buying off politicians at this time, which indicates that it was not unusual for members of the government to be bought off.