What did Rosa Parks do in the 1960s?

What did Rosa Parks do in the 1960s?

Parks was a committed internationalist. In the early 1960s, she was an outspoken opponent of the Vietnam War, a member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and a supporter of the Winter Soldier hearings in Detroit and the Jeannette Rankin Brigade demonstration in Washington, D.C. She also played a role in bringing African Americans closer to power in the union by creating a chapter of the civil rights group NAACP in her home town of Montgomery, Alabama.

In December 1963, after years of lobbying by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and others, American Airlines instituted desegregated seating on its flights between New York and Miami. The company had previously allowed only white passengers to sit in those seats, which were located in the front of the plane next to the cockpit. Black people were not permitted to fly across state lines at this time. That decision was made by Florida's governor at the request of local leaders who wanted to avoid any violence at protest rallies planned for later that month.

Rosa Parks was one of several black activists who took part in these events. On December 1, 1963, she refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, because it was being used by a white passenger. This act of defiance led to a series of court cases that overturned slavery-based segregation laws and created a new federal law against racial discrimination in public places. It also inspired many people to follow her example and stand up for their rights.

When did Rosa Parks speak at the march on Washington?

On August 28, 1963, Parks participates in the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Although no women were asked to speak at the occasion, Parks was chosen for a "Tribute to Women" in the civil rights fight. She is quoted as saying:

"I didn't know anything about politics. I just knew I had to do something. They were treating us like dogs. We shouldn't be treated like that. And since they weren't going to change the law, we might as well change it ourselves."

Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, on December 1, 1955. The incident sparked a movement against racial segregation and led to the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

After being charged with violating Alabama's segregation laws, Parks said she would not yield her seat to a white person and would go to jail rather than comply. She was convicted and sentenced to 10 days in jail, but she served only two days due to a nationwide campaign organized by Martin Luther King, Jr. and others. After her release, Parks gave interviews about her experience and encouraged other black people to follow her example.

In addition to her work with the NAACP, Parks helped organize local chapters of the National Union for Social Justice (NUSJ).

What religion did Rosa Parks belong to?

Parks relocated to Detroit with her husband and mother in 1957, where she served on the staff of Michigan Congressman John Conyers, Jr. from 1965 until 1988. She stayed involved in the NAACP, and in her honor, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference established the Rosa Parks Freedom Award. The award is given annually to individuals who have demonstrated "an unwavering commitment to civil rights through nonviolent action". It was first presented in 1989.

Parks belonged to the Church of God in Christ, a Protestant denomination that was founded by the white pastor Booker T. Whatley in 1892. He was born into slavery and taught his people to read and write so they could know their true spiritual destiny as God's chosen people. The church grew rapidly under his leadership, and by 1914 it had 200 congregations and 10,000 members throughout the south. By contrast, when black Americans were granted the right to vote in 1870, only 12% identified themselves as Christians. By the time of Parks' death, this figure had increased significantly, but it still made the Church of God in Christ the largest non-Catholic religious body among blacks in America.

Parks was baptized into the church by Bishop Charles H. Ellis. He was appointed by Whatley to lead the church out of the South after he died at the age of 44 during a lynching incident.

About Article Author

Maude Grant

Maude Grant has been working in the media for over 10 years. She is a journalist who writes about the issues that people face in today's world. In her journalism, she has looked at everything from climate change to gentrification to gun violence.

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