In the American Civil War, Grant led the Union armies to victory over the Confederacy. Grant was eventually elected the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877) as an American hero, trying to enact Congressional Reconstruction and abolish slavery. He lost his bid for a second term due to partisan politics.
After the war, Grant worked in the private sector before being appointed president of the Saint Louis University in 1883. He served as president of the university for three years before becoming commander-in-chief of the Army. In that role, he won two more wars: one against the Apache in 1882 and another against the Sioux in 1884.
Grant died in July 1885 at the age of 61 after being shot by an unknown assassin. At first, many people believed it was a Confederate sympathizer who wanted him out of the way because of his role in ending slavery. But no evidence has ever been found to support this theory. Instead, it is believed that he was killed by a jealous husband.
Grant left his wife Julia and four children behind when he went to war. When he returned home after the war, he was given a hero's welcome and became the first person to be awarded the Medal of Honor twice. However, their marriage was always considered irregular by the Catholic Church because they had never married legally before getting together.
Ulysses Grant (1822–1885) led the victorious Union army during the American Civil War (1861–1865) and was the 18th President of the United States from 1869 to 1877. Grant, an aggressive and resolute commander, was given command of the United States troops during the Civil War. When his predecessor, Abraham Lincoln, was assassinated in 1865, Grant was promoted to general. He went on to win a decisive victory at the Battle of Fort Donelson in February 1862 and subsequently overran much of Tennessee, establishing a presence south of the Ohio River that would not be challenged for several years.
Grant's success as a military leader earned him promotion to the highest rank available to a civilian, that of lieutenant general. After leaving the Army, he became a successful businessman in St. Louis, Missouri. He was elected president pro tempore of the Senate in 1881 and served out the last year of James A. Garfield's term before being elected to the office himself. Grant died in July 1885 after being shot by an unknown assailant while sitting on a bench near his home. The murder has never been solved.
After graduating from West Point in 1843, Grant served in the Mexican-American War. Commissioned a second lieutenant, he participated in several more wars including the Indian Wars of the west. Grant rose through the ranks to become one of the most successful commanders in American history. His victories helped ensure the survival of the Union during the Civil War.
As commanding general in the American Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant led the Union Armies to victory over the Confederacy in 1865. He was the logical choice for President in 1868 as a symbol of Union triumph during the Civil War. When he was elected, the American people thought that the instability would cease. They believed that with Grant at the helm, there would be no more civil wars.
Grant's success as a commander is evident from the fact that three quarters of all combatant officers under his command were promoted to higher ranks. Also, more than 70,000 men were appointed as officers in the Union Army under his leadership. His achievements as a leader have been compared to those of Napoleon Bonaparte by some writers. However, others believe that he did not possess Napoleonic qualities and was instead more like Alexander the Great or George Washington.
A main factor behind Grant's success as a general was his ability to make quick decisions when confronted with challenges before him. This attribute came in very handy for him while leading large armies on many different occasions. Another reason for his success has been attributed to his desire to learn new techniques and methods used by his opponents. With this knowledge, he could defeat them even after they had the advantage over him. For example, when attacked by Confederate cavalry under General James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart, Grant ordered a retreat but neglected to give any indication to where he wanted his soldiers to go.