In contrast to direct democracy, representative democracy, also known as indirect democracy or representative government, is a style of democracy centered on the notion of elected individuals representing a group of people. Power is concentrated in the hands of representatives elected by the people in a representational democracy. In some cases, they are called delegates because they are delegated powers from their constituents.
Representatives are given power by those they represent to make laws and policies. They may have this power directly, such as state legislators, or indirectly, through elections, such as mayors or city council members. Representatives are usually chosen by voting for someone who will act on your behalf in order to achieve certain goals. For example, you might vote for a local legislator who will support issues important to you like lower taxes or more police officers. The number of people who select the lawmakers should be proportionate to their influence so that all voices are heard but no one party dominates the process. Elected officials work with other members of the government or other organizations outside of government to implement policy.
In many countries, including most of Europe, Australia, and North America, the chief executive is also a representative of the people. They are usually elected at the same time as other members of the legislative branch and are often chosen by popular vote. The president can make treaties and appoint ambassadors; however, they cannot veto legislation. They mainly serve as an advocate for their constituents within the context of a parliamentary system.
Indirect Representative Democracy: The people elect representatives and entrust them with the duty and power to pass laws and run the government. Through these agents, the people express their will and desire that their interests be considered by those who can affect them.
It protects individual rights without eliminating responsibility or creating a dictatorship. The majority cannot simply decide what role individuals must play in society nor can they tell individuals how to live their lives. Representatives are given the power to make decisions regarding legislation and public policy based on what they believe is best for the community they serve. As long as they do not violate anyone else's rights, the people can change their representatives at any time.
It means that the people may choose their leaders directly or through elected representatives. For example, in America, we have senators who represent us in Washington and then some of them return home to represent their districts. They are elected by voters everywhere, so they are responsible to everyone they know will hold them accountable - including themselves.
In contrast to direct democracy, which is a form of democracy in which people vote on policy initiatives directly, representative democracy is a kind of democracy in which people vote for representatives who then vote on policy ideas. The system is called representative because voters choose delegates (or legislators) who represent them in either the federal legislature or the state legislatures. These delegates can be elected directly by their constituents or indirectly through party systems.
Voters choose representatives from among candidates nominated by parties. Representatives are usually chosen by using voting machines or voting with your feet: people will not vote for someone who refuses to make it into the race. Voting for a candidate means that you give your support to carry out his/her policies should they be elected. A representative does not have to follow such policies, but they can at least introduce legislation based on their concerns about possible changes or new laws.
The two main types of representation are: direct representation and indirect representation. In direct representation, one person represents everyone else on an issue-by-issue basis. This type of representation occurs when an individual legislator votes on issues before him or her during a legislative session. For example, if there are two candidates for Representative District 1 and they both support gun rights legislation, then that district would have a representative who would vote in favor of those bills. In indirect representation, several people represent others on an issue-by-issue basis.
Representative governance, sometimes referred to as a "indirect democracy" or a "republic." This is the time when the people elect "representatives" to establish laws in their favor. A republic is a form of government in which people elect representatives to establish national laws. The representatives are usually elected by citizens to handle issues regarding their community or country. Representatives are often charged with creating laws and voting on important issues before them. In some cases, they can also have additional duties such as representing their constituents in Congress or another governmental body.
All political systems are based upon a balance between the powers of government, which are divided among different departments or branches, and the rights of individuals who live within the territory governed by that system's law. The specific distribution of power depends on the type of government being used; however, in all forms of government, certain powers are inherent in the office of president or prime minister. These include the power to make treaties, appoint officials, and issue executive orders. Other offices may have only the power to propose legislation or vote on it, depending on the structure of their government.
In parliamentary systems, executive power is exercised by a single person or a small group of people called a cabinet. Executive power can be further divided into legislative power and administrative power. The head of state or government can either be a monarch or a republican leader.
Democracy via representation People in a representational democracy elect representatives to make political choices and pass legislation on their behalf. People make all political decisions and pass legislation in a direct democracy. Democracy requires that those who are chosen by others to make important decisions for them have the right and authority to do so.
Representative government Representative governments are common among modern nations. In these countries, people choose delegates to make decisions on their behalf. The delegates are usually elected officials, such as senators or members of parliament. They can also be appointed officials, such as agency directors or cabinet ministers. Representatives are chosen by citizens to decide issues before them. For example, members of parliament must vote on matters before them. Agency directors may not be voted out of office; instead, they can be removed from office for cause. However many countries have adopted mixed systems, using both direct democracy (referendums) and representative democracy (parliaments).
The United States is a good example of a country that uses democratic representation to make decisions. Congress creates laws and enacts budgets. Senators and representatives are elected by voters to make these decisions on their behalf. Voters select their legislators through the process of voting for individuals who will serve in Congress. Elections are held every two years for federal offices and often only once every four years for state offices. Presidential elections are held every four years.
Overview People vote for representatives in a representational democracy, who subsequently execute policy ideas. People decide on policies directly in a direct democracy, with no mediator. Advocates of direct democracy claim that it is more efficient because there is no middleman and decisions are made by those who experience them first-hand, but also that it is less accountable since there is no third party to hold officials responsible for their actions.
In a pure direct democracy, decisions would be made by voting on proposed laws or amendments to the constitution and then executing them immediately upon passage. The classic example is ancient Athens where citizens could propose legislation by writing it down on pieces of wood called "bouqs" and presenting them at public meetings where they would be debated and voted on. The number of legislators was limited so that no one person could dominate the process and the archons were elected annually by popular vote, which meant that they had to win over the people each time they stood for office.
In practice, most democracies include some form of electoral system that determines who will make decisions for us. In a pure representation democracy, such as that found in many countries including India, voters choose individuals they believe will best represent them in parliament or other legislative body. Voters can also have a say in direct ways, through initiatives, referendums, and elections for local officials.