PIO is an acronym for Person of Indian Origin, whereas OCI is an acronym for Overseas Citizen of India. An NRI is a residence status granted to an Indian person with an Indian passport who resides in a foreign nation for employment, business, or education. Such persons are not required to fulfill any specific length of stay or return to India before being eligible for Indian citizenship.
An Indian citizen can apply for a PIO card by submitting the following documents: a valid passport, an application form downloaded from the Ministry of External Affairs' website, two photographs (one full-face and one half-length), and a fee of US$100. The application process takes approximately 10 working days.
An Indian citizen can also apply for OCI card by submitting the following documents: a valid passport, an application form downloaded from the Ministry of External Affairs' website, two photographs (one full-face and one half-length), and a fee of US$150.
In addition to these cards, certain categories of Indians are also given visa privileges to certain countries. For example, all employees of the Indian government and their families are granted a special visa called "Employee of the Government of India" (EGI) card. Similarly, students attending universities in India get a special student visa called "Student Visa for India".
If you live in another country but have Indian ancestors, you have the residence status of a Non-Resident Indian (NRI), a Person of Indian Origin (PIO), or an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI). The three categories cover Indians who are not born in India but obtain all their rights as citizens. They can vote in national elections and be elected to public office.
An NRI is any person who resides in India but holds no Indian citizenship. This category includes people who were born in India but hold no Indian passport, as well as those who acquired the citizenship of another country by marriage, inheritance, etc. In addition, persons who obtained Indian citizenship through naturalization proceedings or registration of birth abroad are also considered to be NRIs.
NRIs are allowed to own real estate in India and take up employment here without the need for a visa. They are also permitted to remit money into their bank accounts in India.
However, they are required to file income tax returns each year even if they do not earn any revenue from India because it is necessary to demonstrate that they are able to pay taxes where they reside. In addition, NRI employers must ensure that workers are given notice and opportunity to be heard before any decision affecting their employment status is taken.
On September 15, 2002, the PIO Card program went into operation. The Government of India discontinued the Person of Indian Origin card system on January 15, 2015, and combined it with the Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) card scheme. At the moment, all PIO cards are classified as OCI cards. In April 2016, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) issued a notification that from June 1, 2016, all existing PIO cards will be considered invalid for use at immigration counters.
PIO is an acronym for "Persons of Indian Origin". It is a term used by the government of India to identify foreign citizens who were born in one of the seven countries that were part of the British Empire in 1947-48-49-50-51-52-53. These countries included Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
An OCI is an identity card issued to overseas citizens of India who have been granted permanent residence status. An OCI has three parts: a magnetic stripe reader/writer device, a microchip, and a barcode label. It can be used to open doors and pay bills. An OCI does not replace other travel documents or proof of citizenship. It is also not required for naturalization proceedings or when applying for passport photos.
In 2004, there were about 1.9 million PIOs. By 2008, this number had grown to 2.8 million.
|PIO||Public Information Office|
|PIO||Public Information Officer|
|PIO||Press and Information Office (Cyprus)|
|PIO||Person of Indian Origin (card allows visa free entry to Indian origin people living abroad)|
Foreign nationals from the following countries are eligible for registration: Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) Cardholder (1) Who was a citizen of India at the time of the Constitution's commencement, i.e., 26.01.1950; or (2) Who became a citizen of India on or after 26.01.1950 but before 01.01.1995; or (3) Who became a citizen of India on or after 01.01.1995.
The following categories of Indians who were not citizens of India at the time of the Constitution's commencement are also eligible to register: Persons who had gone abroad and returned to India within one year prior to the commencement of this Act; and Persons who came to India before the commencement of this Act but had stayed here until its commencement.
Registration under this section shall be made by applying in the prescribed manner and upon payment of the required fee. The OCI card shall be treated as valid for the purposes of this Act if it is produced upon request by an officer authorized by law to receive it. No person shall be entitled to more than one OCI card.
The President may, by notification in the Official Gazette, extend the benefits of this Act to other persons.
This section has been added by Chapter V of the Citizenship Act, 1955 (50 of 1955).