A draft is the compulsory enlistment of people in the armed services. The Selective Service System is the agency in charge of registering males and administering a draft. Registration includes information about a person's military history, current status as obligated to serve, and possible claims to deferment from service. A male must register with the local board of the Selective Service System if he is between 18 and 26 years old, has not been granted an exemption, and lives within the United States or its outlying territories (American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands).
A person can refuse to be registered but if there is a failure to report for registration, the person will be deemed to have registered. A person who refuses to be registered cannot legally be placed under arrest for failing to perform civilian duty but may be subject to other civil or criminal sanctions such as fines or imprisonment for willfully violating an order of the President relating to the national emergency created by Congress when it declares war.
Failure to comply with any requirement of the law requiring registration may result in criminal charges against the offender. The penalties include fine and imprisonment. There are also provisions for the summary discharge of persons whose duties under the selective service system conflict with their obligations as citizens of another country.
The method, mechanism, and agencies for choosing and inducting persons into military service who are subject to a call for such duty under a compulsory service legislation are known as the selective draft. In 1917, Congress approved the Selective Draft Act, which established a federal institution to supervise conscription. The system was designed to identify eligible men in the population and to summon them to perform military duty. The purpose of this act is to ensure that the country has an adequate pool of manpower from which to draw soldiers.
There are two types of drafts: national and local. Under the national draft, all males age 18 through 25 (or older if otherwise qualified) are required to register with the Selective Service System. There are several categories of men required to register including those who have never been absent without leave from the Army, those who have but were granted a waiver, and those who are exempt from serving because they are employed by the government or have a valid reason for being drafted. Men cannot claim more than one exemption. If they attempt to do so, their names will be removed from the draft registration list.
Those who fail to register fall into what is known as the illegal draft pool. Men in this category can be prosecuted under federal law for failing to comply with the selective service requirements.
Conscription (also known as the draft in the United States) is the compulsory enlisting of citizens in a national duty, most commonly military service. The word "conscript" comes from the Latin word conscriptio, meaning "writing out." In ancient Rome, slaves were often drafted into service, and this practice was also used by some countries in Europe.
The exact nature of one's duty will vary depending on the country and time period, but usually it involves serving in an army or other armed force. Service can be required by law, such as in many countries that have a universal male suffrage system; however, in many others it is only required by presidential decree or if needed for an emergency.
In most countries that have a modern military, conscription is the standard method of recruitment. There are several exceptions including Australia, Canada, India, Israel, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, and Switzerland. Some prominent figures who refused to serve include Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., and Edward Snowden.
Those who refuse to serve may do so for various reasons ranging from religious objections to physical disabilities. Some countries with a mandatory service policy provide exemptions for certain individuals, while others do not.
Conscription, sometimes known as the draft, is the obligatory enlisting of citizens in a national duty, most commonly military service. The term is derived from the Latin word consecere, meaning "to take by force." While some countries have abolished compulsory military service (Germany and Switzerland are examples), other countries including India and Pakistan continue to require their citizens to serve in the armed forces.
Service refers to the period during which one is required to fulfill this obligation. Conscripts usually serve for between one and three years, although they can be drafted for longer periods of time or denied service entirely if not enough volunteers come forward.
Compulsion means that you are forced to do something. If you don't want to serve, you can always say no. There is no true compulsion in abolition countries because there are still ways to avoid service: You can sign up with a private company or perform civilian work instead. However, these options are not available to everyone. For example, people who refuse to serve may not be allowed to vote or hold public office; also, companies that hire many conscripts might not be able to find enough volunteers to fill their positions.
Since 1973, the United States military has been entirely voluntary. However, in the case of a national emergency, Congress might reintroduce the measure. All citizens between the ages of 18 and 25 must register with the government by completing an online form or going to a local post office for a card. They then complete one more form each year after that until they reach the age of 28.
Registration only determines whether you will be called up for military duty. If you are willing to serve out your country's need, you will be ordered to do so. Otherwise, you can always quit when you want to. There is no penalty for refusing to serve.
The federal government uses three methods to enforce registration: home confinement, house arrest, and mandatory community service. Any male born on or after 1 January 1979 who has not registered with the Selective Service System is legally required to do so. Failing to do so could result in fines or up to five years in prison.
How does the selective service system work? The Selective Service System is a government agency that manages the registration of eligible young men and women. It is funded through a tax levied on all male citizens between the ages of 18 and 26.
The remark concerning selective service is correct in that certain persons are required to register for it, but there is now no military draft. The Selective Service Act, approved by Congress in 1917, established a nationwide draft. All male citizens between the ages of 18 and 25 were required to register with the local draft board. If they were found acceptable for military service, they would be issued a registration card. If needed, they could be called up for additional training or active duty. The law was originally intended to allow time to train replacements for those men who had been killed or disabled in combat.
In 1972, Congress abolished all federal civilian draft laws. The last registration cards were issued in 1974. Since then, all men from age 18 to 42 have been eligible for military service in some form. However guilty until proven innocent, this has become a problem when it comes to women joining the armed forces as well. There are still some roles within the army that are restricted by law against including women; if you look on the official website, there are currently over 16,000 people waiting to be assigned to units where this rule doesn't apply.
So, overall, the statement regarding the Selective Service is accurate, but there is now no military draft.